Matthew 5:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

King James Bible
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

American Standard Version
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

English Revised Version
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Webster's Bible Translation
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Weymouth New Testament
"Blessed are the poor in spirit, for to them belongs the Kingdom of the Heavens.

Matthew 5:3 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Blessed (μακάριοι)

As this word and its cognates occur at least fifty-five times in the New Testament, it is important to understand its history, which is interesting because it is one of those numerous words which exhibit the influence of Christian association and usage in enlarging and dignifying their meaning. It is commonly rendered blessed, both in the A. V. and Rev., and that rendering might properly be given it in every instance.

Its root is supposed to be a word meaning great, and its earlier meaning appears to be limited to outward prosperity; so that it is used at times as synonymous with rich. It scarcely varies from this meaning in its frequent applications to the Grecian gods, since the popular Greek ideal of divine blessedness was not essentially moral. The gods were blessed because of their power and dignity, not because of their holiness. "In general," says Mr. Gladstone ("Homer and the Homeric Age") "the chief note of deity with Homer is emancipation from the restraints of moral law. Though the Homeric gods have not yet ceased to be the vindicators of morality upon earth, they have personally ceased to observe its rules, either for or among themselves. As compared with men, in conduct they are generally characterized by superior force and intellect, but by inferior morality."

In its peculiar application to the dead, there is indicated the despair of earthly happiness underlying the thought of even the cheerful and mercurial Greek. Hence the word was used as synonymous with dead. Only the dead could be called truly blessed. Thus Sophocles ("Oedipus Tyrannus"):

"From hence the lesson learn ye

To reckon no man happy till ye witness

The closing day; until he pass the border

Which severs life from death, unscathed by sorrow."

And again ("Oedipus at Colonus"):

"Happiest beyond compare,

Never to taste of life:

Happiest in order next,

Being born, with quickest speed

Thither again to turn

continued...

Matthew 5:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

blessed.

Matthew 5:4-11 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted...

Matthew 11:6 And blessed is he, whoever shall not be offended in me.

Matthew 13:16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.

Matthew 24:46 Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he comes shall find so doing.

Psalm 1:1 Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stands in the way of sinners...

Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little...

Psalm 32:1,2 Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered...

Psalm 41:1 Blessed is he that considers the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.

Psalm 84:12 O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusts in you.

Psalm 112:1 Praise you the LORD. Blessed is the man that fears the LORD, that delights greatly in his commandments.

Psalm 119:1,2 Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD...

Psalm 128:1 Blessed is every one that fears the LORD; that walks in his ways.

Psalm 146:5 Happy is he that has the God of Jacob for his help, whose hope is in the LORD his God:

Proverbs 8:32 Now therefore listen to me, O you children: for blessed are they that keep my ways.

Isaiah 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious to you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy on you...

Luke 6:20,21 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be you poor: for yours is the kingdom of God...

*etc:

Luke 11:28 But he said, Yes rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.

John 20:29 Jesus said to him, Thomas, because you have seen me, you have believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.

Romans 4:6-9 Even as David also describes the blessedness of the man, to whom God imputes righteousness without works...

James 1:12 Blessed is the man that endures temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life...

Revelation 19:9 And he said to me, Write, Blessed are they which are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he said to me...

Revelation 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life...

the poor.

Matthew 11:25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth...

Matthew 18:1-3 At the same time came the disciples to Jesus, saying, Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven...

Leviticus 26:41,42 And that I also have walked contrary to them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies...

Deuteronomy 8:2 And you shall remember all the way which the LORD your God led you these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you, and to prove you...

2 Chronicles 7:14 If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways...

2 Chronicles 33:12,19,23 And when he was in affliction, he sought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers...

2 Chronicles 34:27 Because your heart was tender, and you did humble yourself before God, when you heard his words against this place...

Job 42:6 Why I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

Psalm 34:18 The LORD is near to them that are of a broken heart; and saves such as be of a contrite spirit.

Psalm 51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.

Proverbs 16:19 Better it is to be of an humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud.

Proverbs 29:23 A man's pride shall bring him low: but honor shall uphold the humble in spirit.

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place...

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Jeremiah 31:18-20 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke...

Daniel 5:21,22 And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild donkeys...

Micah 6:8 He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you, but to do justly, and to love mercy...

Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted...

Luke 6:20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be you poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

Luke 18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalts himself shall be abased...

James 1:10 But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.

James 4:9,10 Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness...

for.

Matthew 3:2 And saying, Repent you: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

Matthew 8:11 And I say to you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob...

Mark 10:14 But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said to them, Suffer the little children to come to me, and forbid them not...

James 2:5 Listen, my beloved brothers, Has not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith...

Cross References
Isaiah 66:2
All these things my hand has made, and so all these things came to be, declares the LORD. But this is the one to whom I will look: he who is humble and contrite in spirit and trembles at my word.

Matthew 5:10
"Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 19:14
but Jesus said, "Let the little children come to me and do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven."

Matthew 25:34
Then the King will say to those on his right, 'Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.

Mark 10:14
But when Jesus saw it, he was indignant and said to them, "Let the children come to me; do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of God.

Luke 6:20
And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said: "Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.

Luke 22:29
and I assign to you, as my Father assigned to me, a kingdom,

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