Luke 2:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.

King James Bible
And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.

American Standard Version
And there were shepherds in the same country abiding in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And there were in the same country shepherds watching, and keeping the night watches over their flock.

English Revised Version
And there were shepherds in the same country abiding in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock.

Webster's Bible Translation
And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.

Weymouth New Testament
Now there were shepherds in the same part of the country, keeping watch over their sheep by night in the open fields,

Luke 2:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Shepherds

Luke's Gospel is the gospel of the poor and lowly. This revelation to the shepherds acquires additional meaning as we remember that shepherds, as a class, were under the Rabbinic ban, because of their necessary isolation from religious ordinances, and their manner of life, which rendered strict legal observance well-nigh impossible.

Keeping watch (φυλάσσοντες φυλακὰς)

Φυλακή is sometimes used of a watch as a measure of time, as in Matthew 14:25; Mark 6:48; Luke 12:38. So possibly here. See Rev. in margin, night-watches. There is a play upon the words: watching watches. There was near Bethlehem, on the road to Jerusalem, a tower known as Migdal Eder, or the watch-tower of the flock. Here was the station where shepherds watched the flocks destined for sacrifice in the temple. Animals straying from Jerusalem on any side, as far as from Jerusalem to Migdal Eder, were offered in sacrifice. It was a settled conviction among the Jews that the Messiah was to be born in Bethlehem, and equally that he was to be revealed from Migdal Eder. The beautiful significance of the revelation of the infant Christ to shepherds watching the flocks destined for sacrifice needs no comment.

Their flock (τὴν ποίμνην)

May not the singular number fall in with what has just been said? - the flock, the temple-flock, specially devoted to sacrifice. The pronoun their would furnish no objection, since it is common to speak of the flock as belonging to the shepherd. Compare John 10:3, John 10:4.

Luke 2:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

abiding.

Genesis 31:39,40 That which was torn of beasts I brought not to you; I bore the loss of it; of my hand did you require it, whether stolen by day...

Exodus 3:1,2 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert...

1 Samuel 17:34,35 And David said to Saul, Your servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock...

Psalm 78:70,71 He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds...

Ezekiel 34:8 As I live, said the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field...

John 10:8-12 All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them...

watch over their flock by night. or, the night-watches.

Cross References
Luke 2:7
And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.

Luke 2:9
And an angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were filled with great fear.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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