John 1:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace.

King James Bible
And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace.

American Standard Version
For of his fulness we all received, and grace for grace.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.

English Revised Version
For of his fulness we all received, and grace for grace.

Webster's Bible Translation
And of his fullness have we all received, and grace for grace.

Weymouth New Testament
For He it is from whose fulness we have all received, and grace upon grace.

John 1:16 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

And (καὶ)

But the correct reading is ὅτι, because, thus connecting the following sentence with "full of grace and truth" in John 1:14. We know Him as full of grace and truth, because we have received of His fullness.

Of His fulness (ἐκ τοῦ πληρώματος αὐτοῦ)

These and the succeeding words are the Evangelist's, not the Baptist's. The word fullness (πλήρωμα) is found here only in John, but frequently occurs in the writings of Paul, whose use of it in Ephesians and Colossians illustrates the sense in John; these being Asiatic churches which fell, later, within the sphere of John's influence. The word is akin to πλήρης, full (John 1:14), and to πληροῦν, to fill or complete; and means that which is complete in itself, plenitude, entire number or quantity. Thus the crew of a ship is called πλήρωμα, its complement. Aristophanes ("Wasps," 660), "τούτων πλήρωμα, the sum-total of these, is nearly two thousand talents." Herodotus (iii., 22) says that the full term of man's life among the Persians is eighty years; and Aristotle ("Polities," iv., 4) refers to Socrates as saying that the eight classes, representing different industries in the state, constitute the pleroma of the state (see Plato, "Republic," 371). In Ephesians 1:23, Paul says that the church is the pleroma of Christ: i.e., the plenitude of the divine graces in Christ is communicated to the Church as His body, making all the body, supplied and knit together through the joints and bands, to increase with the increase of God (Colossians 2:19; compare Ephesians 4:16). Similarly he prays (Ephesians 3:19) that the brethren may be filled unto all the pleroma of God: i.e., that they may be filled with the fullness which God imparts. More closely related to John's use of the term here are Colossians 1:19, "It pleased the Father that in Him (Christ) should all the fullness (τὸ πλήρωμα, note the article) dwell;" and Colossians 2:9, Colossians 2:10, "In Him dwelleth all the pleroma of the Godhead bodily (i.e., corporally, becoming incarnate), and in Him ye are fulfilled (πεπληρωμένοι)." This declares that the whole aggregate of the divine powers and graces appeared in the incarnate Word, and corresponds with John's statement that "the Word became flesh and tabernacled among men, full of grace and truth;" while "ye are fulfilled" answers to John's "of His fullness we all received." Hence John's meaning here is that Christians receive from the divine completeness whatever each requires for the perfection of his character and for the accomplishment of his work (compare John 15:15; John 17:22).

Have - received (ἐλάβομεν)

Rev., we received: rendering the aorist tense more literally.

Grace for grace (χάριν ἀντὶ χάριτος)

The preposition ἀντί originally means over against; opposite; before (in a local sense). Through the idea of placing one thing over against another is developed that of exchange. Thus Herodotus (iii., 59), "They bought the island, ἀντὶ χρημάτων, for money." So Matthew 5:38, "An eye for (ἀντὶ) an eye," etc. This idea is at the root of the peculiar sense in which the preposition is used here. We received, not New Testament grace instead of Old Testament grace; nor simply, grace added to grace; but new grace imparted as the former measure of grace has been received and improved. "To have realized and used one measure of grace, was to have gained a larger measure (as it were) in exchange for it." Consequently, continuous, unintermitted grace. The idea of the development of one grace from another is elaborated by Peter (2 Peter 1:5), on which see notes. Winer cites a most interesting parallel from Philo. "Wherefore, having provided and dispensed the first graces (χάριτας), before their recipients have waxed wanton through satiety, he subsequently bestows different graces in exchange for (ἀντὶ) those, and a third supply for the second, and ever new ones in exchange for the older."

John 1:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

of his.

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not the Spirit by measure to him.

John 15:1-5 I am the true vine, and my Father is the farmer...

Matthew 3:11,14 I indeed baptize you with water to repentance. but he that comes after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear...

Luke 21:15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.

Acts 3:12-16 And when Peter saw it, he answered to the people, You men of Israel, why marvel you at this? or why look you so earnestly on us...

Romans 8:9 But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you...

1 Corinthians 1:4,5 I thank my God always on your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by Jesus Christ...

Ephesians 4:7-12 But to every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ...

Colossians 1:19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell;

Colossians 2:3,9,10 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge...

1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify...

and grace.

Zechariah 4:7 Who are you, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel you shall become a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings...

Matthew 13:12 For whoever has, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whoever has not...

Romans 5:2,17,20 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God...

Ephesians 1:6-8 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he has made us accepted in the beloved...

Ephesians 2:5-10 Even when we were dead in sins, has quickened us together with Christ, (by grace you are saved;)...

Ephesians 4:7 But to every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.

1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit...

Cross References
Psalm 84:7
They go from strength to strength; each one appears before God in Zion.

Ephesians 1:23
which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all.

Ephesians 3:19
and to know the love of Christ that surpasses knowledge, that you may be filled with all the fullness of God.

Ephesians 4:13
until we all attain to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to mature manhood, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ,

Colossians 1:19
For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell,

Colossians 2:9
For in him the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily,

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