Job 31:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For that would be a heinous crime; that would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges;

King James Bible
For this is an heinous crime; yea, it is an iniquity to be punished by the judges.

American Standard Version
For that were a heinous crime; Yea, it were an iniquity to be punished by the judges:

Douay-Rheims Bible
For this is a heinous crime, and a most grievous iniquity.

English Revised Version
For that were an heinous crime; yea, it were an iniquity to be punished by the judges:

Webster's Bible Translation
For this is a hainous crime; yea, it is an iniquity to be punished by the judges.

Job 31:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

5 If I had intercourse with falsehood,

And my foot hastened after deceit:

6 Let Him weigh me in the balances of justice,

And let Eloah know my innocence.

7 If my steps turned aside from the way,

And my heart followed mine eyes,

And any spot hath cleaved to my hands:

8 May I sow and another eat,

And let my shoots be rooted out.

We have translated שׁוא (on the form vid., on Job 15:31, and the idea on Job 11:11) falsehood, for it signifies desolateness and hollowness under a concealing mask, therefore the contradiction between what is without and within, lying and deceit, parall. מרמה, deceit, delusion, imposition. The phrase הלך עם־שׁוא is based on the personification of deceit, or on thinking of it in connection with the מתי־שׁוא (Job 11:11). The form ותּחשׁ cannot be derived from חוּשׁ, from which it ought to be ותּחשׁ, like ויּסר Judges 4:18 and freq., ויּשׂר (serravit) 1 Chronicles 20:3, ויּעט (increpavit) 1 Samuel 25:14. Many grammarians (Ges. 72, rem. 9; Olsh. 257, g) explain the Pathach instead of Kametz as arising from the virtual doubling of the guttural (Dagesh forte implicitum), for which, however, no ground exists here; Ewald (232, b) explains it by "the hastening of the tone towards the beginning," which explains nothing, since the retreat of the tone has not this effect anywhere else. We must content ourselves with the supposition that ותּחשׁ is formed from a חשׁה having a similar meaning to חוּשׁ (חישׁ), as also ויּעט, 1 Samuel 15:19, comp. 1 Samuel 14:32, is from a עטח of similar signification with עיט. The hypothetical antecedent, Job 31:5, is followed by the conclusion, Job 31:6 : If he have done this, may God not spare him. He has, however, not done it; and if God puts him to an impartial trial, He will learn his תּמּה, integritas, purity of character. The "balance of justice" is the balance of the final judgment, which the Arabs call Arab. mı̂zân 'l-a‛mâl, "the balance of actions (works)."

(Note: The manual of ethics by Ghazzli is entitled mı̂zân el-a‛mâl in the original, מאזני צדק in Bar-Chisdai's translation, vid., Gosche on Ghazzli's life and works, S. 261 of the volume of the Berliner Akademie d. Wissensch. for 1858.)

Job 31:7 also begins hypothetically: if my steps (אשּׁוּרי from אשּׁוּר, which is used alternately with אשׁוּר without distinction, contrary to Ew. 260, b) swerve (תּטּה, the predicate to the plur. which follows, designating a thing, according to Ges. 146, 3) from the way (i.e., the one right way), and my heart went after my eyes, i.e., if it followed the drawing of the lust of the eye, viz., to obtain by deceit or extortion the property of another, and if a spot (מאוּם, macula, as Daniel 1:4, equals מוּם, Job 11:15; according to Ew., equivalent to מחוּם, what is blackened and blackens, then a blemish, and according to Olsh., in מאוּמה...לא, like the French ne ... point) clave to my hands: I will sow, and let another eat, and let my shoots be rooted out. The poet uses צאצאים elsewhere of offspring of the body or posterity, Job 5:25; Job 21:8; Job 27:14; here, however, as in Isaiah, with whom he has this word in common, Job 34:2; Job 42:5, the produce of the ground is meant. Job 31:8 is, according to John 4:37, a λόγος, a proverb. In so far as he may have acted thus, Job calls down upon himself the curse of Deuteronomy 38:20f.: what he sows, let strangers reap and eat; and even when that which is sown does not fall into the hands of strangers, let it be uprooted.

Job 31:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an heinous

Genesis 20:9 Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said to him, What have you done to us? and what have I offended you...

Genesis 26:10 And Abimelech said, What is this you have done to us? one of the people might lightly have lien with your wife...

Genesis 39:9 There is none greater in this house than I; neither has he kept back any thing from me but you, because you are his wife...

Exodus 20:14 You shall not commit adultery.

Proverbs 6:29-33 So he that goes in to his neighbor's wife; whoever touches her shall not be innocent...

an iniquity

Job 31:28 This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judge: for I should have denied the God that is above.

Genesis 38:24 And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar your daughter in law has played the harlot...

Leviticus 20:10 And the man that commits adultery with another man's wife, even he that commits adultery with his neighbor's wife...

Deuteronomy 22:22-24 If a man be found lying with a woman married to an husband, then they shall both of them die, both the man that lay with the woman...

Ezekiel 16:38 And I will judge you, as women that break wedlock and shed blood are judged; and I will give you blood in fury and jealousy.

Cross References
Leviticus 20:10
"If a man commits adultery with the wife of his neighbor, both the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.

Deuteronomy 22:24
then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and you shall stone them to death with stones, the young woman because she did not cry for help though she was in the city, and the man because he violated his neighbor's wife. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.

Job 31:28
this also would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges, for I would have been false to God above.

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