Isaiah 31:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help and rely on horses, who trust in chariots because they are many and in horsemen because they are very strong, but do not look to the Holy One of Israel or consult the LORD!

King James Bible
Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD!

American Standard Version
Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help, and rely on horses, and trust in chariots because they are many, and in horsemen because they are very strong, but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek Jehovah!

Douay-Rheims Bible
WOE to them that go down to Egypt for help, trusting in horses, and putting their confidence in chariots, because they me many: and in horsemen, because they me very strong: and have not trusted in the Holy One of Israel, and have not sought after the Lord.

English Revised Version
Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help, and stay on horses; and trust in chariots, because they are many, and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD!

Webster's Bible Translation
Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and rely on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not to the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD!

Isaiah 31:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Behold, the name of Jehovah cometh from far, burning His wrath, and quantity of smoke: His lips are full of wrathful foam, and His tongue like devouring fire. And His breath is like an overflowing brook, which reaches half-way to the neck, to sift nations in the sieve of nothingness; and a misleading bridle comes to the cheeks of the nations." Two figures are here melted together - namely, that of a storm coming up from the farthest horizon, which turns the sky into a sea of fire, and kindles whatever it strikes, so that there rises up a heavy burden, or thick mass of smoke (kōbhed massâ'âh, like mas'ēth in Judges 20:40, cf., Judges 20:38; on this attributive combination, burning His wrath (Ewald, 288, c) and a quantity, etc., see Isaiah 13:9); and that of a man burning with wrath, whose lips foam, whose tongue moves to and fro like a flame, and whose breath is a snorting that threatens destruction, which when it issues from Jehovah swells into a stream, which so far covers a man that only his neck appears as the visible half. We had the same figure in Isaiah 8:8, where Asshur, as it came upon Judah, was compared to such an almost overwhelming and drowning flood. Here, again, it refers to Judah, which the wrath of Jehovah had almost though not entirely destroyed. For the ultimate object of the advancing name of Jehovah (shēm, name, relating to His judicial coming) is to sift nations, etc.: lahănâphâh for lehânı̄ph (like lahăzâdâh in Daniel 5:20), to make it more like nâphâh in sound. The sieve of nothingness is a sieve in which everything, that does not remain in it as good corn, is given up to annihilation; שׁוא is want of being, i.e., of life from God, and denotes the fate that properly belongs to such worthlessness. In the case of v'resen (and a bridle, etc.) we must either supply in thought לשׂום (שׂם), or, what is better, take it as a substantive clause: "a misleading bridle" (or a bridle of misleading, as Bttcher renders it, math‛eh being the form mashqeh) holds the cheeks of the nations. The nations are regarded as wild horses, which could not be tamed, but which were now so firmly bound and controlled by the wrath of God, that they were driven down into the abyss.

Isaiah 31:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

to them

Isaiah 30:1-7 Woe to the rebellious children, said the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit...

Isaiah 36:6 See, you trust in the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt; where on if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it...

Isaiah 57:9 And you went to the king with ointment, and did increase your perfumes, and did send your messengers far off...

Ezekiel 17:15 But he rebelled against him in sending his ambassadors into Egypt, that they might give him horses and much people. Shall he prosper?...

Hosea 11:5 He shall not return into the land of Egypt, and the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

stay on horses

Isaiah 30:16 But you said, No; for we will flee on horses; therefore shall you flee: and, We will ride on the swift...

Isaiah 36:9 How then will you turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master's servants...

Deuteronomy 17:16 But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses...

Psalm 20:7 Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember the name of the LORD our God.

Psalm 33:16,17 There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength...

the look

Isaiah 5:12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD...

Isaiah 17:7,8 At that day shall a man look to his Maker, and his eyes shall have respect to the Holy One of Israel...

Isaiah 22:11 You made also a ditch between the two walls for the water of the old pool: but you have not looked to the maker thereof...

2 Chronicles 16:7 And at that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah, and said to him, Because you have relied on the king of Syria...

Jeremiah 2:13 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns...

Jeremiah 17:5 Thus said the LORD; Cursed be the man that trusts in man, and makes flesh his arm, and whose heart departs from the LORD.

Hosea 14:3 Asshur shall not save us; we will not ride on horses: neither will we say any more to the work of our hands, You are our gods...

neither

Isaiah 9:13 For the people turns not to him that smites them, neither do they seek the LORD of hosts.

Isaiah 64:7 And there is none that calls on your name, that stirs up himself to take hold of you: for you have hid your face from us...

Daniel 9:13 As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come on us: yet made we not our prayer before the LORD our God...

Hosea 7:7,13-16 They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their judges; all their kings are fallen: there is none among them that calls to me...

Amos 5:4-8 For thus said the LORD to the house of Israel, Seek you me, and you shall live...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 17:16
Only he must not acquire many horses for himself or cause the people to return to Egypt in order to acquire many horses, since the LORD has said to you, 'You shall never return that way again.'

Deuteronomy 20:1
"When you go out to war against your enemies, and see horses and chariots and an army larger than your own, you shall not be afraid of them, for the LORD your God is with you, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt.

Isaiah 2:7
Their land is filled with silver and gold, and there is no end to their treasures; their land is filled with horses, and there is no end to their chariots.

Isaiah 9:13
The people did not turn to him who struck them, nor inquire of the LORD of hosts.

Isaiah 10:17
The light of Israel will become a fire, and his Holy One a flame, and it will burn and devour his thorns and briers in one day.

Isaiah 20:5
Then they shall be dismayed and ashamed because of Cush their hope and of Egypt their boast.

Isaiah 30:2
who set out to go down to Egypt, without asking for my direction, to take refuge in the protection of Pharaoh and to seek shelter in the shadow of Egypt!

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