Hebrews 8:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, “See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain.”

King James Bible
Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.

American Standard Version
who serve that which is a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, even as Moses is warned of God when he is about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern that was showed thee in the mount.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things. As it was answered to Moses, when he was to finish the tabernacle: See (saith he) that thou make all things according to the pattern which was shewn thee on the mount.

English Revised Version
who serve that which is a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, even as Moses is warned of God when he is about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern that was shewed thee in the mount.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who serve to the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished by God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See (saith he) that thou make all things according to the pattern shown to thee in the mount.

Weymouth New Testament
and serve a copy and type of the heavenly things, just as Moses was divinely instructed when about to build the tabernacle. For God said, "See that you make everything in imitation of the pattern shown you on the mountain."

Hebrews 8:5 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things (οἵτινες ὑποδείγματι καί σκιᾷ λατρεύουσιν τῶν ἐπουρανίων)

The connection is, "there are those who offer the gifts according to the law, such as (οἵτινες) serve," etc. For λατρεύουσιν serve, see on 2 Timothy 1:3. Omit unto. Rend. serve the copy and shadow, etc., or, as Rev., that which is a copy and shadow. For ὑπόδειγμα copy, see on 1 Peter 5:3; see on 2 Peter 2:6. Comp. Hebrews 9:23. Τῶν ἐπουρανίων "of heavenly things." Τὰ ἐπουράνια in N.T. usually "heavenly places." See Ephesians 1:3; Ephesians 2:6; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12 : "heavenly things," John 3:12; Philippians 2:10; Hebrews 9:23.

As Moses was admonished (καθὼς κεχρημάτισται Μωυσῆς)

By God. This, and the remainder of the verse, explain the words copy and shadow. For χρηματίζειν see on Matthew 2:12; see on Luke 2:26; see on Acts 11:26. Comp. χρηματισμός answer (of God), Romans 11:4. In Exodus 40:1, where Moses is commanded to make the tabernacle, God is expressly named.

To make (ἐπιτελεῖν)

The margin of Rev. complete may easily convey a wrong idea. The sense is to carry out or execute the plan given to him.

For, See (ὅρα γάρ)

Γάρ for is not a part of the quotation, but is argumentative. Moses was admonished, for God said "See," etc.

That thou make (ποιήσεις)

A direct command. "See, thou shalt make."

Pattern (τύπον)

See on 1 Peter 5:3. The meaning is that, in all essential features, the Levitical system of worship was a copy of a heavenly reality. This was pressed into an absurd literalism by the Rabbins, who held that there were in heaven original models of the tabernacle and of all its appurtenances, and that these were shown to Moses in the Mount. The writer draws out of this vulgar conception the thought that the material tabernacle was an emblem of a spiritual, heavenly sanctuary. The Levitical priests, therefore, serve only a copy and shadow.

Hebrews 8:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

unto. [Hupodeigmati kai skia,] or, 'with the representation and shadow,' as Dr. Macknight renders.

the example.

Hebrews 9:9,23,24 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices...

Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things...

Colossians 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

See.

Exodus 25:40 And look that you make them after their pattern, which was showed you in the mount.

Exodus 26:30 And you shall raise up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which was showed you in the mount.

Exodus 27:8 Hollow with boards shall you make it: as it was showed you in the mount, so shall they make it.

Numbers 8:4 And this work of the candlestick was of beaten gold, to the shaft thereof, to the flowers thereof, was beaten work...

1 Chronicles 28:12,19 And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about...

Acts 7:44 Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking to Moses...

pattern. [Tupos,] type, plan, or form.

Cross References
Exodus 25:9
Exactly as I show you concerning the pattern of the tabernacle, and of all its furniture, so you shall make it.

Exodus 25:40
And see that you make them after the pattern for them, which is being shown you on the mountain.

Exodus 26:30
Then you shall erect the tabernacle according to the plan for it that you were shown on the mountain.

Exodus 27:8
You shall make it hollow, with boards. As it has been shown you on the mountain, so shall it be made.

Matthew 2:12
And being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed to their own country by another way.

Colossians 2:17
These are a shadow of the things to come, but the substance belongs to Christ.

Hebrews 9:23
Thus it was necessary for the copies of the heavenly things to be purified with these rites, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

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