Hebrews 11:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
By faith Abel offered to God a more acceptable sacrifice than Cain, through which he was commended as righteous, God commending him by accepting his gifts. And through his faith, though he died, he still speaks.

King James Bible
By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

American Standard Version
By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, through which he had witness borne to him that he was righteous, God bearing witness in respect of his gifts: and through it he being dead yet speaketh.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By faith Abel offered to God a sacrifice exceeding that of Cain, by which he obtained a testimony that he was just, God giving testimony to his gifts; and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

English Revised Version
By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, through which he had witness borne to him that he was righteous, God bearing witness in respect of his gifts: and through it he being dead yet speaketh.

Webster's Bible Translation
By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained testimony that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

Weymouth New Testament
Through faith Abel offered to God a more acceptable sacrifice than Cain did, and through this faith he obtained testimony that he was righteous, God giving the testimony by accepting his gifts; and through it, though he is dead, he still speaks.

Hebrews 11:4 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Abel offered unto God (Ἄβελ προσήνεγκεν τῷ θεῷ)

For the phrase see Hebrews 9:14.

A more excellent sacrifice (πλείονα θυσίαν)

Greater in value in God's eyes. For πλείων in this sense, see Hebrews 3:3; Matthew 6:25; Luke 11:31; Luke 12:23. In Paul never in this sense. Others explain a more abundant sacrifice, referring to the material character of the offerings. See Genesis 4:4. But the difference between the offerings of Abel and Cain, considered in themselves, is largely a matter of speculation, and, as Lnemann justly remarks, such an interpretation accentuates unduly a purely external feature.

By which he obtained witness (δι ἧς ἐμαρτυρήθη)

Lit. was witnessed to, as Hebrews 11:2. The pronoun which may refer either to the sacrifice or to faith. Better the latter, as is apparent from Hebrews 11:2, and probably from Hebrews 11:7, although the relation there is somewhat different.

Righteous (δίκαιος)

Abel is called righteous by Christ himself. Matthew 23:35. Comp. 1 John 3:12. See on Romans 1:17.

God testifying of his gifts (μαρτυροῦντος ἐπὶ τοῖς δώροις αὐτοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ)

Defining more specifically the general was witnessed to. God bore witness by his acceptance of the gifts. Ἐπὶ marks the fact on which the witness was based.

Yet speaketh (ἔτι λαλεῖ)

Comp. Genesis 4:10. Still, although ages have passed since his death. Comp. Hebrews 12:24. Not that his voice still cries to God (so Bleek and others), but that by his faith he still speaks to us in the O.T. Scriptures, though dead. Const. ἔτι yet with λαλεῖ speaketh; not with being dead, in the logical sense, "even being dead," as Romans 3:7.

Hebrews 11:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

faith.

Genesis 4:3-5,15,25 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering to the LORD...

1 John 3:11,12 For this is the message that you heard from the beginning, that we should love one another...

a more.

Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright is his delight.

Proverbs 21:27 The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination: how much more, when he brings it with a wicked mind?

Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and to every good work reprobate.

Jude 1:11 Woe to them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward...

he obtained.

Leviticus 9:24 And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed on the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw...

1 Kings 18:38 Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust...

Matthew 23:35 That on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth...

Luke 11:51 From the blood of Abel to the blood of Zacharias which perished between the altar and the temple: truly I say to you...

and by.

Hebrews 12:1,24 Why seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight...

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood cries to me from the ground.

Matthew 23:35 That on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth...

yet speaketh. or, is yet spoken of.

Cross References
Genesis 4:4
and Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat portions. And the LORD had regard for Abel and his offering,

Genesis 4:8
Cain spoke to Abel his brother. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.

Matthew 23:35
so that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar.

Hebrews 5:1
For every high priest chosen from among men is appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins.

Hebrews 11:2
For by it the people of old received their commendation.

Hebrews 12:24
and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

2 Peter 2:8
(for as that righteous man lived among them day after day, he was tormenting his righteous soul over their lawless deeds that he saw and heard);

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