Hebrews 11:38
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
of whom the world was not worthy—wandering about in deserts and mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

King James Bible
(Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

American Standard Version
(of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and caves, and the holes of the earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Of whom the world was not worthy; wandering in deserts, in mountains, and in dens, and in caved of the earth.

English Revised Version
(of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and caves, and the holes of the earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
(Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

Weymouth New Testament
They wandered across deserts and mountains, or hid themselves in caves and in holes in the ground.

Hebrews 11:38 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Of whom the world was not (ὧν οὐκ ἦν ἄξιος ὁ κόσμος)

This clause falls into the series of participles which precedes it; the form of the relative sentence being adopted because of the lack of a proper participial phrase to express the statement. At the same time it prepares the way for the following clause in which the participial construction is resumed. Rend. "they went about in sheepskins and goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, evil-entreated, men of whom the world was not worthy, wandering in deserts," etc. By the world (κόσμος) is not meant the corrupt world, as in John and Paul (see on Hebrews 11:7), but the world considered as an economy which was unworthy of these, because ruled by sense and not by faith. Their plane of life was higher.

They wandered (πλανώμενοι)

Lit. wandering or straying, apart from the homes and the intercourse of men.

Caves of the earth (ὀπαῖς τῆς γῆς)

Ὁπή only here and James 3:11. It means a hole; primarily a place through which one can see (ὄπωπα). In lxx the cleft of the rock in which God placed Moses, Exodus 33:22 : a window, a latticed opening, Ecclesiastes 12:3: the eye-socket, Zechariah 14:12 : a hole in the wall, Ezekiel 8:7 : a hole in a tree, 4 Macc. 14:16.

Hebrews 11:38 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

whom.

1 Kings 14:12,13 Arise you therefore, get you to your own house: and when your feet enter into the city, the child shall die...

2 Kings 23:25-29 And like to him was there no king before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might...

Isaiah 57:1 The righteous perishes, and no man lays it to heart: and merciful men are taken away...

wandered.

1 Samuel 22:1 David therefore departed there, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brothers and all his father's house heard it...

1 Samuel 23:15,19,23 And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood...

1 Samuel 24:1-3 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold...

1 Samuel 26:1 And the Ziphites came to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Does not David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon?

1 Kings 17:3 Get you hence, and turn you eastward, and hide yourself by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan.

1 Kings 18:4,13 For it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave...

1 Kings 19:9 And he came thither to a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and he said to him, What do you here...

Psalm 142:1-7 I cried to the LORD with my voice; with my voice to the LORD did I make my supplication...

*title

Cross References
Judges 6:2
And the hand of Midian overpowered Israel, and because of Midian the people of Israel made for themselves the dens that are in the mountains and the caves and the strongholds.

1 Kings 18:4
and when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, Obadiah took a hundred prophets and hid them by fifties in a cave and fed them with bread and water.)

1 Kings 18:13
Has it not been told my lord what I did when Jezebel killed the prophets of the LORD, how I hid a hundred men of the LORD's prophets by fifties in a cave and fed them with bread and water?

1 Kings 19:9
There he came to a cave and lodged in it. And behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and he said to him, "What are you doing here, Elijah?"

Jeremiah 41:9
Now the cistern into which Ishmael had thrown all the bodies of the men whom he had struck down along with Gedaliah was the large cistern that King Asa had made for defense against Baasha king of Israel; Ishmael the son of Nethaniah filled it with the slain.

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