Exodus 4:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORD with which he had sent him to speak, and all the signs that he had commanded him to do.

King James Bible
And Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORD who had sent him, and all the signs which he had commanded him.

American Standard Version
And Moses told Aaron all the words of Jehovah wherewith he had sent him, and all the signs wherewith he had charged him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord, by which he had sent him, and the signs that he had commanded.

English Revised Version
And Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORD wherewith he had sent him, and all the signs wherewith he had charged him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORD who had sent him, and all the signs which he had commanded him.

Exodus 4:28 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In order that Pharaoh might form a true estimate of the solemnity of the divine command, Moses was to make known to him not only the relation of Jehovah to Israel, but also the judgment to which he would be exposed if he refused to let Israel go. The relation in which Israel stood to Jehovah was expressed by God in the words, "Israel is My first-born son." Israel was Jehovah's son by virtue of his election to be the people of possession (Deuteronomy 14:1-2). This election began with the call of Abraham to be the father of the nation in which all the families of the earth were to be blessed. On the ground of this promise, which was now to be realized in the seed of Abraham by the deliverance of Israel out of Egypt, the nation of Israel is already called Jehovah's "son," although it was through the conclusion of the covenant at Sinai that it was first exalted to be the people of Jehovah's possession out of all the nations (Exodus 19:5-6). The divine sonship of Israel was therefore spiritual in its nature: it neither sprang from the fact that God, as the Creator of all nations, was also the Creator, or Begetter, and Father of Israel, nor was it founded, as Baumgarten supposes, upon "the physical generation of Isaac, as having its origin, not in the power of nature, but in the power of grace." The relation of God, as Creator, to man His creature, is never referred to in the Old Testament as that of a father to a son; to say nothing of the fact that the Creator of man is Elohim, and not Jehovah. Wherever Jehovah is called the Father, Begetter, or Creator of Israel (even in Deuteronomy 32:18; Jeremiah 2:27; Isaiah 44:8; Malachi 1:6 and Malachi 2:10), the fatherhood of God relates to the election of Israel as Jehovah's people of possession. But the election upon which the υἱοθεσία of Israel was founded, is not presented in the aspect of a "begetting through the Spirit;" it is spoken of rather as acquiring or buying (קנה), making (עשׂה), founding or establishing (כּנן, Deuteronomy 32:6). Even the expressions, "the Rock that begat thee," "God that bare thee" (Deuteronomy 32:18), do not point to the idea of spiritual generation, but are to be understood as referring to the creation; just as in Psalm 90:2, where Moses speaks of the mountains as "brought forth" and the earth as "born." The choosing of Israel as the son of God was an adoption flowing from the free grace of God which involved the loving, fatherly treatment of the son, and demanded obedience, reverence, and confidence towards the Father (Malachi 1:6). It was this which constituted the very essence of the covenant made by Jehovah with Israel, that He treated it with mercy and love (Hosea 11:1; Jeremiah 31:9, Jeremiah 31:20), pitied it as a father pitieth his children (Psalm 103:13), chastened it on account of its sins, yet did not withdraw His mercy from it (2 Samuel 7:14-15; Psalm 89:31-35), and trained His son to be a holy nation by the love and severity of paternal discipline. - Still Israel was not only a son, but the "first-born son" of Jehovah. In this title the calling of the heathen is implied. Israel was not to be Jehovah's only son, but simply the first-born, who was peculiarly dear to his Father, and had certain privileges above the rest. Jehovah was about to exalt Israel above all the nations of the earth (Deuteronomy 28:1). Now, if Pharaoh would not let Jehovah's first-born son depart, he would pay the penalty in the life of his own first-born (cf. Exodus 12:29). In this intense earnestness of the divine command, Moses had a strong support to his faith. If Israel was Jehovah's first-born son, Jehovah could not relinquish him, but must deliver His son from the bondage of Egypt.

Exodus 4:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

told Aaron.

Exodus 4:8,9,15,16 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe you, neither listen to the voice of the first sign...

Jonah 3:2 Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the preaching that I bid you.

Matthew 21:29 He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went.

and all.

Exodus 4:11-13 And the LORD said to him, Who has made man's mouth? or who makes the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? have not I the LORD...

Cross References
Exodus 4:8
"If they will not believe you," God said, "or listen to the first sign, they may believe the latter sign.

Exodus 4:15
You shall speak to him and put the words in his mouth, and I will be with your mouth and with his mouth and will teach you both what to do.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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