Ecclesiastes 12:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and the dust returns to the earth as it was, and the spirit returns to God who gave it.

King James Bible
Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.

American Standard Version
and the dust returneth to the earth as it was, and the spirit returneth unto God who gave it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the dust return into its earth, from whence it was, and the spirit return to God, who gave it.

English Revised Version
and the dust return to the earth as it was, and the spirit return unto God who gave it.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return to God who gave it.

Ecclesiastes 12:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

With Ecclesiastes 12:1 (where, inappropriately, a new chapter begins, instead of beginning with Ecclesiastes 11:9) the call takes a new course, resting its argument on the transitoriness of youth: "And remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth, ere the days of evil come, and the years draw nigh, of which thou shalt say: I have no pleasure in them." The plur. majest. בּוראיך equals עשׂים as a designation of the Creator, Job 35:10; Isaiah 54:5; Psalm 149:2; in so recent a book it cannot surprise us, since it is also not altogether foreign to the post-bibl. language. The expression is warranted, and the Midrash ingeniously interprets the combination of its letters.

(Note: It finds these things expressed in it, partly directly and partly indirectly: remember בארך, thy fountain (origin); בורך, thy grave; and בוראיך, thy Creator. Thus, Jer. Sota ii. 3, and Midrash under Ecclesiastes 12:1.)

Regarding the words 'ad asher lo, commonly used in the Mishna (e.g., Horajoth iii. 3; Nedarim x. 4), or 'ad shello (Targ. 'ad delo), antequam. The days of evil (viz., at least, first, of bodily evil, cf. κακία, Matthew 6:34) are those of feeble, helpless old age, perceptibly marking the failure of bodily and mental strength; parallel to these are the years of which (asher, as at Ecclesiastes 1:10) one has to say: I have no pleasure in them (bahěm for bahěn, as at Ecclesiastes 2:6, mehěm for mehěn). These evil days, adverse years, are now described symptomatically, and that in an allegorical manner, for the "ere" of Ecclesiastes 12:1 is brought to a grand unfolding.

Ecclesiastes 12:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

dust

Ecclesiastes 3:20 All go to one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.

Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to the ground; for out of it were you taken: for dust you are...

Genesis 18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken on me to speak to the LORD, which am but dust and ashes:

Job 4:19,20 How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth...

Job 7:21 And why do you not pardon my transgression, and take away my iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust...

Job 20:11 His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.

Job 34:14,15 If he set his heart on man, if he gather to himself his spirit and his breath...

Psalm 90:3 You turn man to destruction; and say, Return, you children of men.

Psalm 146:4 His breath goes forth, he returns to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.

Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

the spirit

Ecclesiastes 3:21 Who knows the spirit of man that goes upward, and the spirit of the beast that goes downward to the earth?

God

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

Numbers 16:22 And they fell on their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin...

Numbers 27:16 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,

Isaiah 57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.

Jeremiah 38:16 So Zedekiah the king swore secretly to Jeremiah, saying, As the LORD lives, that made us this soul, I will not put you to death...

Zechariah 12:1 The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, said the LORD, which stretches forth the heavens, and lays the foundation of the earth...

Hebrews 12:9,23 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence...

Cross References
Luke 23:46
Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!" And having said this he breathed his last.

Acts 7:59
And as they were stoning Stephen, he called out, "Lord Jesus, receive my spirit."

Genesis 3:19
By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Numbers 16:22
And they fell on their faces and said, "O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and will you be angry with all the congregation?"

Numbers 27:16
"Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the congregation

Job 34:14
If he should set his heart to it and gather to himself his spirit and his breath,

Job 34:15
all flesh would perish together, and man would return to dust.

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