2 Corinthians 4:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.

King James Bible
In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

American Standard Version
in whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of the unbelieving, that the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should not dawn upon them .

Douay-Rheims Bible
In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of unbelievers, that the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should not shine unto them.

English Revised Version
in whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of the unbelieving, that the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should not dawn upon them.

Webster's Bible Translation
In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them who believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine to them.

Weymouth New Testament
in whom the god of this present age has blinded their unbelieving minds so as to shut out the sunshine of the Good News of the glory of the Christ, who is the image of God.

2 Corinthians 4:4 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

The god of this world (ὁ θεὸς τοῦ αἰῶνος τούτου)

The phrase occurs only here. Compare Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 6:12; John 12:31; John 14:30. Satan is called god in the rabbinical writings. "The first God is the true God; but the second god is Samael." "The matron said, 'Our god is greater than thy God; for when thy God appeared to Moses in the bush, he hid his face; when, however, he saw the serpent, which is my god, he fled."'

The light (τὸν φωτισμὸν)

Only here and 2 Corinthians 4:6. Lit., the illumination, act of enlightening.

Image of God

Compare Colossians 1:15; John 17:5; Philippians 2:6; Philippians 3:21. Christ's light is also God's. Compare Hebrews 1:3, Rev., effulgence (ἀπαύγασμα, compare αὐγάσαι shine, in this passage). Theodoret says: "The effulgence is both from the fire and with the fire, and has the fire as its cause, yet is not divided from the fire; for whence comes the fire, thence also comes the effulgence."

Shine (αὐγάσαι)

Only here in the New Testament. From αὐγή brightness, which also occurs but once, Acts 20:11, daybreak. In classical Greek of the sun especially. Rev., dawn is legitimate as a translation, but hardly here, since Paul is going back to the figure of 2 Corinthians 3:18.

2 Corinthians 4:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the god.

Matthew 4:8,9 Again, the devil takes him up into an exceeding high mountain, and shows him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them...

John 12:31,40 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out...

John 14:30 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world comes, and has nothing in me.

John 16:11 Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.

1 Corinthians 10:20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God...

Ephesians 2:2 Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air...

Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers...

1 John 5:19 And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in wickedness.

*Gr:

Revelation 20:2,3 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years...

blinded.

2 Corinthians 3:14 But their minds were blinded: for until this day remains the same veil not taken away in the reading of the old testament...

1 Kings 22:22 And the LORD said to him, With which? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets...

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes...

John 12:40 He has blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart...

test.

2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts...

2 Corinthians 3:8,9,11,18 How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious...

John 8:12 Then spoke Jesus again to them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that follows me shall not walk in darkness...

John 12:35 Then Jesus said to them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while you have the light, lest darkness come on you...

Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God...

Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you...

1 Timothy 1:11 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.

Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ;

the image.

John 1:14,18 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory...

John 12:45 And he that sees me sees him that sent me.

John 14:9,10 Jesus said to him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet have you not known me, Philip? he that has seen me has seen the Father...

John 15:24 If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin...

Philippians 2:6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:

Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power...

shine.

2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts...

Psalm 50:2 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God has shined.

Isaiah 60:1,2 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen on you...

2 Peter 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto you do well that you take heed, as to a light that shines in a dark place...

1 John 2:8 Again, a new commandment I write to you, which thing is true in him and in you: because the darkness is past...

Cross References
Matthew 13:22
As for what was sown among thorns, this is the one who hears the word, but the cares of the world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it proves unfruitful.

John 1:18
No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father's side, he has made him known.

John 12:31
Now is the judgment of this world; now will the ruler of this world be cast out.

Acts 26:18
to open their eyes, so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.'

Acts 26:23
that the Christ must suffer and that, by being the first to rise from the dead, he would proclaim light both to our people and to the Gentiles."

2 Corinthians 2:11
so that we would not be outwitted by Satan; for we are not ignorant of his designs.

2 Corinthians 2:12
When I came to Troas to preach the gospel of Christ, even though a door was opened for me in the Lord,

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