1 Chronicles 5:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
though Judah became strong among his brothers and a chief came from him, yet the birthright belonged to Joseph),

King James Bible
For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph's:)

American Standard Version
For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the prince; but the birthright was Joseph's:)

Douay-Rheims Bible
But of the race of Juda, who was the strongest among his brethren, came the princes: but the first birthright was accounted to Joseph.)

English Revised Version
For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the prince; but the birthright was Joseph's:)

Webster's Bible Translation
For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birth-right was Joseph's:)

1 Chronicles 5:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The princes named "went westward from Gedor to the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks." גדר מבוא does not mean the entrance of Gedor (Mich., Berth., and others); but is, as the corresponding מזרח, "rising" of the sun, i.e., east, requires, a designation of the west, and is abridged from השּׁמשׁ מבוא, as in statements with reference to places מזרח is used instead of השּׁמשׁ מזרח. The locality itself, however, is to us at present unknown. So much is clear, that by Gedor, the Gedor mentioned in Joshua 15:58, situated in the high lands of Judah, north of Hebron, cannot be intended, for in that district there is no open valley stretching out on either hand; and the Simeonites, moreover, could not have carried on a war of conquest in the territory of the tribe of Judah in the reign of Hezekiah. But where this Gedor is to be sought cannot be more accurately determined; for הגּיא is certainly not "the valley in which the Dead Sea lies, and the southern continuation of that valley," as Ewald and Berth. think: that valley has, in the Old Testament, always the name הערבה. From the use of the article, "the valley," no further conclusion can be drawn, than that a definite valley in the neighbourhood of Gedor is meant.

(Note: The lxx have rendered גדר by Γεράρ, whence Ewald and Bertheau conclude that גדר is a transcriber's error for גרר. But a slip of the pen which would make the Gerar so famed in the history of the patriarchs into Gedor is priori not very probable; and the defective writing גדר, while Gedor in the high lands is written גּדור, cannot be adduced, as Bertheau thinks, in support of the hypothesis, since Gedor even in 1 Chronicles 4:18 is written defectively. It is decisive against Gerar, that the dwelling-places of the Simeonites demonstrably did not extend till towards sunset (westward) from Gerar, for the cities assigned to them all lie to the east of Gerar.)

Even the further statements in 1 Chronicles 4:30, with regard to the district, that they found there fat and good pasture, and that the land extended on both sides (i.e., was wide), and at rest and secure, because formerly the Hamites dwelt there, and the statement of 1 Chronicles 4:41, that the Simeonites found the Meunim there, and smote them, give us no firm foothold for the ascertainment of the district referred to. The whole Negeb of Judah has been as yet too little travelled over and explored by modern travellers, to allow of our forming any probable conjecture as to Gedor and the wide valley stretching out on both sides. The description of the Hamite inhabitants, וּשׁלוה שׁקטת, reminds us of the inhabitants of the ancient Laish (Judges 18:7, Judges 18:27). Those צם מן are people from Ham, i.e., Hamites, and they may have been Egyptians, Cushites, or even Canaanites (1 Chronicles 1:8). This only is certain, that they were a peaceful shepherd people, who dwelt in tents, and were therefore nomads. לפנים, "formerly," before the Simeonites took possession of the land.

1 Chronicles 5:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Judah.

Genesis 35:23 The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun:

Genesis 49:8-10 Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise: your hand shall be in the neck of your enemies...

Numbers 2:3 And on the east side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their armies...

Numbers 7:12 And he that offered his offering the first day was Nahshon the son of Amminadab, of the tribe of Judah:

Joshua 14:6 Then the children of Judah came to Joshua in Gilgal: and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said to him...

Judges 1:2 And the LORD said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand.

Psalm 60:7 Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of my head; Judah is my lawgiver;

Psalm 108:8 Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of my head; Judah is my lawgiver;

Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands of Judah...

Matthew 2:6 And you Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, are not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of you shall come a Governor...

Hebrews 7:14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.

Revelation 5:5 And one of the elders said to me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the book...

the chief ruler. or, the prince. By the chief ruler is meant first David, and after him the Messiah, agreeably to the celebrated prophecy of Jacob (

Genesis 49:10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come...

). The Syriac calls him Christ the king, and the Arabic, Messiah the king.

1 Samuel 16:1,10,12 And the LORD said to Samuel, How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel...

2 Samuel 8:15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice to all his people.

Psalm 78:68-71 But chose the tribe of Judah, the mount Zion which he loved...

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...

Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands of Judah...

Matthew 2:6 And you Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, are not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of you shall come a Governor...

Hebrews 7:14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.

birthright was.

Genesis 49:26 The blessings of your father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills...

Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son...

Cross References
Matthew 2:6
"'And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.'"

Genesis 25:31
Jacob said, "Sell me your birthright now."

Genesis 48:5
And now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine; Ephraim and Manasseh shall be mine, as Reuben and Simeon are.

Genesis 49:8
"Judah, your brothers shall praise you; your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; your father's sons shall bow down before you.

1 Chronicles 28:4
Yet the LORD God of Israel chose me from all my father's house to be king over Israel forever. For he chose Judah as leader, and in the house of Judah my father's house, and among my father's sons he took pleasure in me to make me king over all Israel.

Psalm 60:7
Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim is my helmet; Judah is my scepter.

Psalm 108:8
Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim is my helmet, Judah my scepter.

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