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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ASH (1)

ash ('oren; the Revised Version (British and American) FIR-TREE; the Revised Version, margin Ash): A maker of idols "planteth a fir-tree (margin, "ash"), and the rain doth nourish it" (Isaiah 44:14). It is a suggestion as old as Luther that the final letter "n", was originally a "z", and that the word should be 'erez, "cedar"; the chief objection is that cedar occurs just before in the same verse. The word 'oren seems to be connected with the Assyrian irin, meaning fir or cedar or allied tree. "Fir" has support from the Septuagint and from the rabbis. Post (HDB) suggests as probable the stone pine, Pinus pinea, which has been extensively planted round Beirut and unlike most planted trees flourishes without artificial watering-"the rain doth nourish it."

The translation "ash" was probably suggested by the fanciful resemblance of the Hebrew 'oren and the Latin ornus, the manna ash of Europe. Three varieties of ash flourish in Syria, Fraxinus ornus, F. excelsior and F. oxycarpa. The last mentioned, which is common in parts of North Palestine, being a large tree some 30 to 40 ft. high, might suit the context were there anything philological to support the idea.

E. W. G. Masterman

ASH (2)

(Bear). See ASTRONOMY.

Strong's Hebrew
830. ashpoth -- an ash heap, refuse heap, dunghill
... 829, 830. ashpoth. 831 . an ash heap, refuse heap, dunghill. Transliteration:
ashpoth Phonetic Spelling: (ash-pohth') Short Definition: refuse. ...
/hebrew/830.htm - 6k

6211. ash -- a moth
... 6210, 6211. ash. 6212 . a moth. Transliteration: ash Phonetic Spelling: (awsh)
Short Definition: moth. ... 6210, 6211. ash. 6212 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/6211.htm - 6k

8240a. shephattayim -- perhaps fireplaces, ash heaps
... 8240, 8240a. shephattayim. 8240b . perhaps fireplaces, ash heaps.
Transliteration: shephattayim Short Definition: sheepfolds. Word ...
/hebrew/8240a.htm - 5k

4942. mishpethayim -- perhaps fireplaces, ash heaps
... 4941, 4942. mishpethayim. 4943 . perhaps fireplaces, ash heaps. Transliteration:
mishpethayim Phonetic Spelling: (mish-pawth') Short Definition: sheepfolds ...
/hebrew/4942.htm - 6k

8240. shaphath -- perhaps fireplaces, ash heaps
... 8239, 8240. shaphath. 8240a . perhaps fireplaces, ash heaps. Transliteration:
shaphath Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-fawth') Short Definition: hook. hook, pot ...
/hebrew/8240.htm - 5k

5906. Ayish -- (a constellation) perhaps Great Bear
Ayish or Ash. 5905, 5906. Ayish or Ash. 5907 . (a constellation) perhaps
Great Bear. Transliteration: Ayish or Ash Phonetic Spelling ...
/hebrew/5906.htm - 6k

766. oren -- fir, cedar
... ash. From the same as 'Aran (in the sense of strength); the ash tree (from its
toughness) -- ash. see HEBREW 'Aran. 765, 766. oren. 767 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/766.htm - 6k

821. ashmoreth -- a watch
... 820, 821. ashmoreth or ashmurah. 822 . a watch. Transliteration: ashmoreth
or ashmurah Phonetic Spelling: (ash-moo-raw') Short Definition: watch. ...
/hebrew/821.htm - 6k

8211. shephek -- (place of) pouring
... emptying place, eg An ash-heap. From shaphak; an emptying place, eg An ash-heap --
are poured out. see HEBREW shaphak. 8210, 8211. shephek. 8212 . ...
/hebrew/8211.htm - 6k

4284. machashabah -- thought, device
... 4285 . thought, device. Transliteration: machashabah or machashebeth Phonetic
Spelling: (makh-ash-aw-baw') Short Definition: thoughts. ...
/hebrew/4284.htm - 6k


Ash Wednesday and Lent
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR Ash Wednesday and Lent. [456]122 Lord, in this thy
mercy's day [457]123 Forty days and forty nights [458]124 ...
/.../ash wednesday and lent.htm

Sermon for Ash Wednesday
... SERMONS OF THE Reverend Doctor John Tauler X Sermon for Ash Wednesday. Gal.
ii.20""I am crucified with Christ, nevertheless I live ...
/.../x sermon for ash wednesday.htm

Ash Wednesday. Gather the People . . And Let the Priests, the ...
... Ash Wednesday. Gather the people . . and let the priests, the ministers
of the Lord, weep between the porch and the alter, and let ...
/.../winkworth/lyra germanica the christian year/ash wednesday gather the people.htm

Just as I Am, Without one Plea
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR Ash Wednesday and Lent 139. Just as I am, without one plea. [513]St. Crispin: George J. Elvey, 1862. [514]Woodworth: ...
/.../ash wednesday and lent 139.htm

Savior! when in Dust to Thee
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR Ash Wednesday and Lent 130. Savior! when in dust to thee.
Eight 7's [494]Spanish Chant: Arr. Benjamin Carr, 1824. [495]Aberystwyth: ...
/.../ash wednesday and lent 130.htm

Lord, as to Thy Dear Cross we Flee
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR Ash Wednesday and Lent 125. Lord, as to thy dear cross we
flee. CM [483]St. Bernard: Cologne, 1741. John H. Gurney, 1838. ...
/.../ash wednesday and lent 125.htm

Lord, in this Thy Mercy's Day
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR Ash Wednesday and Lent 122. Lord, in this thy mercy's day.
7.7.7 [476]St. Philip: William Henry Monk, 1861. Isaac Williams, 1842; Alt. ...
/.../ash wednesday and lent 122.htm

Forty Days and Forty Nights
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR Ash Wednesday and Lent 123. Forty days and forty nights.
Four 7's [478]Heinlein: Martin Herbst (?), 1676. George Hunt Smyttan, 1856; Alt. ...
/.../ash wednesday and lent 123.htm

When Wounded Sore the Stricken Soul
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR Ash Wednesday and Lent 138. When wounded sore the stricken
soul. CM [511]St. Bernard: Cologne, 1741. Cecil Frances Alexander, 1858. ...
/.../ash wednesday and lent 138.htm

With Broken Heart and Contrite Sigh
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR Ash Wednesday and Lent 133. With broken heart and contrite
sigh. LM [501]Eisenach: Johann Hermann Schein, 1628; ...
/.../ash wednesday and lent 133.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(Heb. oren), only in (Isaiah 44:14) As the true ash is not a native of Palestine, some understand this to be a species of pine tree. Perhaps the larch (Laryx europaea) may be intended.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Hebrews o'ren, "tremulous"), mentioned only Isaiah 44:14 (R.V., "fir tree"). It is rendered "pine tree" both in the LXX. and Vulgate versions. There is a tree called by the Arabs aran, found still in the valleys of Arabia Petraea, whose leaf resembles that of the mountain ash. This may be the tree meant. Our ash tree is not known in Syria.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A genus of trees of the Olive family, having opposite pinnate leaves, many of the species furnishing valuable timber, as the European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and the white ash (F. Americana).

2. (n.) The tough, elastic wood of the ash tree.

3. (n.) sing. of Ashes.

4. (v. t.) To strew or sprinkle with ashes.

Ash (4 Occurrences)
... and Vulgate versions. There is a tree called by the Arabs aran, found still in the
valleys of Arabia Petraea, whose leaf resembles that of the mountain ash. ...
/a/ash.htm - 9k

Jo'ash (44 Occurrences)
Jo'ash. Joash, Jo'ash. Joatham . Multi-Version Concordance
Jo'ash (44 Occurrences). Judges 6:11 Now the angel of the ...
/j/jo'ash.htm - 19k

Ash'taroth (12 Occurrences)
Ash'taroth. Ashtaroth, Ash'taroth. Ashtarothite . Multi-Version
Concordance Ash'taroth (12 Occurrences). Deuteronomy ...
/a/ash'taroth.htm - 10k

Ga'ash (4 Occurrences)
Ga'ash. Gaash, Ga'ash. Gaba . Multi-Version Concordance Ga'ash
(4 Occurrences). Joshua 24:30 They buried him in the ...
/g/ga'ash.htm - 7k

Ash'kelon (10 Occurrences)
Ash'kelon. Ashkelon, Ash'kelon. Ashkelonite . Multi-Version
Concordance Ash'kelon (10 Occurrences). Joshua 13:3 from ...
/a/ash'kelon.htm - 9k

Jeho'ash (16 Occurrences)
Jeho'ash. Jehoash, Jeho'ash. Jehohanan . Multi-Version Concordance
Jeho'ash (16 Occurrences). 2 Kings 11:21 Jehoash ...
/j/jeho'ash.htm - 11k

Ash'dodites (1 Occurrence)
Ash'dodites. Ashdodites, Ash'dodites. Ashdoditish . Multi-Version
Concordance Ash'dodites (1 Occurrence). Nehemiah 4 ...
/a/ash'dodites.htm - 6k

Ash'kenaz (3 Occurrences)
Ash'kenaz. Ashkenaz, Ash'kenaz. Ashnah . Multi-Version Concordance
Ash'kenaz (3 Occurrences). Genesis 10:3 And the sons ...
/a/ash'kenaz.htm - 7k

Ash'toreth (3 Occurrences)
Ash'toreth. Ashtoreth, Ash'toreth. Ashtoreths . Multi-Version
Concordance Ash'toreth (3 Occurrences). 1 Kings 11:5 For ...
/a/ash'toreth.htm - 7k

Ash'imah (1 Occurrence)
Ash'imah. Ashi'ma, Ash'imah. Ashisha . Multi-Version Concordance
Ash'imah (1 Occurrence). Amos 8:14 Those who swear ...
/a/ash'imah.htm - 6k

Bible Concordance
Ash (4 Occurrences)

Leviticus 4:12 even the whole bull shall he carry forth outside the camp to a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire. Where the ashes are poured out it shall be burned.

1 Samuel 2:8 He raises up the poor out of the dust. He lifts up the needy from the dunghill, To make them sit with princes, and inherit the throne of glory. For the pillars of the earth are Yahweh's. He has set the world on them.

Psalms 113:7 He raises up the poor out of the dust. Lifts up the needy from the ash heap;

Lamentations 4:5 Those who did feed delicately are desolate in the streets: Those who were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills.



Ash: A Tree

Related Terms

Jo'ash (44 Occurrences)

Ash'taroth (12 Occurrences)

Ga'ash (4 Occurrences)

Ash'kelon (10 Occurrences)

Jeho'ash (16 Occurrences)

Ash'dodites (1 Occurrence)

Ash'kenaz (3 Occurrences)

Ash'toreth (3 Occurrences)

Ash'imah (1 Occurrence)

Ash'terathite (1 Occurrence)

Ash'belites (1 Occurrence)

Ash'penaz (1 Occurrence)

Ash'urites (1 Occurrence)

Ash'teroth-karna'im (1 Occurrence)

Moth (10 Occurrences)

Ashteroth-karnaim (1 Occurrence)

Ashtoreth (3 Occurrences)

Gaash (4 Occurrences)

Ashterathite (1 Occurrence)

Ashdodites (4 Occurrences)


Ashkenaz (3 Occurrences)

Ashtaroth (13 Occurrences)


Mareshah (8 Occurrences)

Pulled (84 Occurrences)

Beeshterah (1 Occurrence)

Ba'al (55 Occurrences)

Ba'als (19 Occurrences)


Abiez'rites (3 Occurrences)

Ashurites (2 Occurrences)

Arcturus (2 Occurrences)

Ashvath (1 Occurrence)

Ashbelite (1 Occurrence)

Astarte (2 Occurrences)

Ashpenaz (1 Occurrence)

Ashbea (1 Occurrence)

Ashriel (1 Occurrence)

Ashbel (3 Occurrences)

Ashnah (2 Occurrences)

Earthquake (17 Occurrences)

Asher (43 Occurrences)

Joash (49 Occurrences)

Jehoash (28 Occurrences)

Jehohanan (9 Occurrences)

Ashtoreths (6 Occurrences)

Ashkelon (12 Occurrences)

Key (8 Occurrences)

Naashon (1 Occurrence)

Naasson (2 Occurrences)


Oar (1 Occurrence)

Oren (1 Occurrence)

Jerubba'al (11 Occurrences)

Joatham (1 Occurrence)

Lent (9 Occurrences)

Leg (24 Occurrences)

Lifts (26 Occurrences)

Gin (10 Occurrences)

Gaba (1 Occurrence)

Weeping (237 Occurrences)

Watch (203 Occurrences)

Winged (69 Occurrences)

Flowering (6 Occurrences)

Tim'nath-he'res (1 Occurrence)

Raises (17 Occurrences)

Defend (38 Occurrences)

Manna (19 Occurrences)

Mid'ianites (12 Occurrences)

Morning (264 Occurrences)

Magpiash (1 Occurrence)

Minish (1 Occurrence)

Plaster (13 Occurrences)

Pot (46 Occurrences)

Pisgah (8 Occurrences)

Pan (26 Occurrences)

Bor-ashan (1 Occurrence)

Borashan (1 Occurrence)

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