Joshua 9:4
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
6213 [e]וַיַּעֲשׂ֤וּ
way-ya-‘ă-śū
and workedConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3mp
1571 [e]גַם־
ḡam-
alsoConj
1992 [e]הֵ֙מָּה֙
hêm-māh
theyPro-3mp
6195 [e]בְּעָרְמָ֔ה
bə-‘ā-rə-māh,
craftilyPrep-b | N-fs
1980 [e]וַיֵּלְכ֖וּ
way-yê-lə-ḵū
and wentConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3mp
6737 [e]וַיִּצְטַיָּ֑רוּ
way-yiṣ-ṭay-yā-rū;
and pretended to be ambassadorsConj-w | V-Hitpael-ConsecImperf-3mp
3947 [e]וַיִּקְח֞וּ
way-yiq-ḥū
and they tookConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3mp
8242 [e]שַׂקִּ֤ים
śaq-qîm
sacksN-mp
1087 [e]בָּלִים֙
bā-lîm
oldAdj-mp
2543 [e]לַחֲמ֣וֹרֵיהֶ֔ם
la-ḥă-mō-w-rê-hem,
on their donkeysPrep-l | N-mpc | 3mp
4997 [e]וְנֹאד֥וֹת
wə-nō-ḏō-wṯ
andConj-w | N-mpc
3196 [e]יַ֙יִן֙
ya-yin
wineskinsN-ms
1087 [e]בָּלִ֔ים
bā-lîm,
oldAdj-mp
1234 [e]וּמְבֻקָּעִ֖ים
ū-mə-ḇuq-qā-‘îm
and tornConj-w | V-Pual-Prtcpl-mp
6887 [e]וּמְצֹרָרִֽים׃
ū-mə-ṣō-rā-rîm.
and mendedConj-w | V-Pual-Prtcpl-mp









Hebrew Texts
יהושע 9:4 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיַּעֲשׂ֤וּ גַם־הֵ֙מָּה֙ בְּעָרְמָ֔ה וַיֵּלְכ֖וּ וַיִּצְטַיָּ֑רוּ וַיִּקְח֞וּ שַׂקִּ֤ים בָּלִים֙ לַחֲמֹ֣ורֵיהֶ֔ם וְנֹאדֹ֥ות יַ֙יִן֙ בָּלִ֔ים וּמְבֻקָּעִ֖ים וּמְצֹרָרִֽים׃

יהושע 9:4 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ויעשו גם־המה בערמה וילכו ויצטירו ויקחו שקים בלים לחמוריהם ונאדות יין בלים ומבקעים ומצררים׃

יהושע 9:4 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ויעשו גם־המה בערמה וילכו ויצטירו ויקחו שקים בלים לחמוריהם ונאדות יין בלים ומבקעים ומצררים׃

יהושע 9:4 Hebrew Bible
ויעשו גם המה בערמה וילכו ויצטירו ויקחו שקים בלים לחמוריהם ונאדות יין בלים ומבקעים ומצררים׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
they also acted craftily and set out as envoys, and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys, and wineskins worn-out and torn and mended,

King James Bible
They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
they acted deceptively. They gathered provisions and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys and old wineskins, cracked and mended.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

work wilily

Genesis 34:13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, …

1 Kings 20:31-33 And his servants said to him, Behold now, we have heard that the …

Matthew 10:16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the middle of wolves: be you …

Luke 16:8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely…

ambassadors the word tzier, an ambassador, properly denotes a hinge; because an ambassador is a person upon whom the business turns as upon a hinge. So the Latin Cardinalis, from cardo, a hinge, was the title of the prime minister of the emperor Theodosius, though now applied only to the Pope's electors and counsellors.

wine bottles These bottle being made of skin, were consequently liable to be rent, and capable of being mended; which is done, according to Chardin, by putting in a piece, or by gathering up the wounded piece in the manner of a purse; and sometimes by inserting a flat piece of wood.

Psalm 119:83 For I am become like a bottle in the smoke; yet do I not forget your statutes.

Matthew 9:17 Neither do men put new wine into old bottles: else the bottles break, …

Mark 2:22 And no man puts new wine into old bottles: else the new wine does …

Luke 5:37,38 And no man puts new wine into old bottles; else the new wine will …

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