Genesis 42:7
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
7200 [e]וַיַּ֥רְא
way-yar
And sawConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
3130 [e]יוֹסֵ֛ף
yō-w-sêp̄
JosephN-proper-ms
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
251 [e]אֶחָ֖יו
’e-ḥāw
his brothersN-mpc | 3ms
5234 [e]וַיַּכִּרֵ֑ם
way-yak-ki-rêm;
and recognized themConj-w | V-Hifil-ConsecImperf-3ms | 3mp
5234 [e]וַיִּתְנַכֵּ֨ר
way-yiṯ-nak-kêr
but he acted as a strangerConj-w | V-Hitpael-ConsecImperf-3ms
413 [e]אֲלֵיהֶ֜ם
’ă-lê-hem
to themPrep | 3mp
1696 [e]וַיְדַבֵּ֧ר
way-ḏab-bêr
and spokeConj-w | V-Piel-ConsecImperf-3ms
854 [e]אִתָּ֣ם
’it-tām
to themPrep | 3mp
7186 [e]קָשׁ֗וֹת
qā-šō-wṯ,
roughlyAdj-fp
559 [e]וַיֹּ֤אמֶר
way-yō-mer
and he saidConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
413 [e]אֲלֵהֶם֙
’ă-lê-hem
to themPrep | 3mp
370 [e]מֵאַ֣יִן
mê-’a-yin
from wherePrep-m | Adv
935 [e]בָּאתֶ֔ם
bā-ṯem,
do you comeV-Qal-Perf-2mp
559 [e]וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ
way-yō-mə-rū,
and they saidConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3mp
776 [e]מֵאֶ֥רֶץ
mê-’e-reṣ
from the landPrep-m | N-fsc
3667 [e]כְּנַ֖עַן
kə-na-‘an
of CanaanN-proper-ms
7666 [e]לִשְׁבָּר־
liš-bār-
to buyPrep-l | V-Qal-Inf
400 [e]אֹֽכֶל׃
’ō-ḵel.
foodN-ms









Hebrew Texts
בראשית 42:7 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיַּ֥רְא יֹוסֵ֛ף אֶת־אֶחָ֖יו וַיַּכִּרֵ֑ם וַיִּתְנַכֵּ֨ר אֲלֵיהֶ֜ם וַיְדַבֵּ֧ר אִתָּ֣ם קָשֹׁ֗ות וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ מֵאַ֣יִן בָּאתֶ֔ם וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ מֵאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנַ֖עַן לִשְׁבָּר־אֹֽכֶל׃

בראשית 42:7 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
וירא יוסף את־אחיו ויכרם ויתנכר אליהם וידבר אתם קשות ויאמר אלהם מאין באתם ויאמרו מארץ כנען לשבר־אכל׃

בראשית 42:7 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
וירא יוסף את־אחיו ויכרם ויתנכר אליהם וידבר אתם קשות ויאמר אלהם מאין באתם ויאמרו מארץ כנען לשבר־אכל׃

בראשית 42:7 Hebrew Bible
וירא יוסף את אחיו ויכרם ויתנכר אליהם וידבר אתם קשות ויאמר אלהם מאין באתם ויאמרו מארץ כנען לשבר אכל׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
When Joseph saw his brothers he recognized them, but he disguised himself to them and spoke to them harshly. And he said to them, "Where have you come from?" And they said, "From the land of Canaan, to buy food."

King James Bible
And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he treated them like strangers and spoke harshly to them." Where do you come from?" he asked." From the land of Canaan to buy food," they replied.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

roughly unto them. Heb. hard things with them.

Genesis 42:9-12,14-17,19,20 And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said …

Matthew 15:23-26 But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and sought …

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Genesis 42:6
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