Not as though the word of God has taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel:…
I. IS INDEPENDENT OF EXTERNAL PREFERENCES AND HUMAN MERIT.
1. The phrase —
(1) Implies the eternal purpose of God to save them that believe;
(2) proceeds from free grace;
(3) is determined by the reception or non-reception of the truth, which is an act of free-will.
2. The proof supplied by the history of the elect people.
(1) By the difference in the moral condition of the Israelites (ver. 6; chap. Romans 2:28, 29).
(2) By the different relations in which the immediate descendants of Abraham stood to God (ver. 7, 8; cf. Matthew 3:9; John 8:39). The same difference obtains in the Christian Church.
II. IS DEPENDENT UPON DIVINE PROMISE.
1. The whole work of grace is matter of promise, and affords hope of a better life.
2. This is shown by the examples quoted (vers. 9, 13).
3. Hence it follows that we can only be partakers of the promise by a believing reception of it.
(J. Lyth, D.D.)
Parallel VersesKJV: Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: