Exodus 5:19
Strong's Lexicon
The Israelite
בְנֵֽי־ (ḇə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: 1) son, grandson, child, member of a group 1a) son, male child 1b) grandson 1c) children (pl. - male and female) 1d) youth, young men (pl.) 1e) young (of animals) 1f) sons (as characterisation, i.e. sons of injustice [for un- righteous men] or sons of God [for angels] 1g) people (of a nation) (pl.) 1h) of lifeless things, i.e. sparks, stars, arrows (fig.) 1i) a member of a guild, order, class

יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel = 'God prevails' 1) the second name for Jacob given to him by God after his wrestling with the angel at Peniel 2) the name of the descendants and the nation of the descendants of Jacob 2a) the name of the nation until the death of Solomon and the split 2b) the name used and given to the northern kingdom consisting of the 10 tribes under Jeroboam; the southern kingdom was known as Judah 2c) the name of the nation after the return from exile

אֹתָ֖ם (’ō·ṯām)
Direct object marker | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 853: 1) sign of the definite direct object, not translated in English but generally preceding and indicating the accusative

foremen
שֹֽׁטְרֵ֧י (šō·ṭə·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 7860: 1) (Qal) official, officer

realized
וַיִּרְא֞וּ (way·yir·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7200: 1) to see, look at, inspect, perceive, consider 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to see 1a2) to see, perceive 1a3) to see, have vision 1a4) to look at, see, regard, look after, see after, learn about, observe, watch, look upon, look out, find out 1a5) to see, observe, consider, look at, give attention to, discern, distinguish 1a6) to look at, gaze at 1b) (Niphal) 1b1) to appear, present oneself 1b2) to be seen 1b3) to be visible 1c) (Pual) to be seen 1d) (Hiphil) 1d1) to cause to see, show 1d2) to cause to look intently at, behold, cause to gaze at 1e) (Hophal) 1e1) to be caused to see, be shown 1e2) to be exhibited to 1f) (Hithpael) to look at each other, face

they were in trouble
בְּרָ֣ע (bə·rā‘)
Preposition-b | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: adj 1) bad, evil 1a) bad, disagreeable, malignant 1b) bad, unpleasant, evil (giving pain, unhappiness, misery) 1c) evil, displeasing 1d) bad (of its kind-land, water, etc) 1e) bad (of value) 1f) worse than, worst (comparison) 1g) sad, unhappy 1h) evil (hurtful) 1i) bad, unkind (vicious in disposition) 1j) bad, evil, wicked (ethically) 1j1) in general, of persons, of thoughts 1j2) deeds, actions n m 2) evil, distress, misery, injury, calamity 2a) evil, distress, adversity 2b) evil, injury, wrong 2c) evil (ethical) n f 3) evil, misery, distress, injury 3a) evil, misery, distress 3b) evil, injury, wrong 3c) evil (ethical)

when they were told,
לֵאמֹ֑ר (lê·mōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 559: 1) to say, speak, utter 1a) (Qal) to say, to answer, to say in one's heart, to think, to command, to promise, to intend 1b) (Niphal) to be told, to be said, to be called 1c) (Hithpael) to boast, to act proudly 1d) (Hiphil) to avow, to avouch

“You must not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: 1) not, no 1a) not (with verb-absolute prohibition) 1b) not (with modifier-negation) 1c) nothing (subst) 1d) without (with particle) 1e) before (of time)

reduce
תִגְרְע֥וּ (ṯiḡ·rə·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1639: 1) to diminish, restrain, withdraw, abate, keep back, do away, take from, clip 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to diminish 1a2) to restrain 1a3) to withdraw 1b) (Niphal) 1b1) to be withdrawn 1b2) to be restrained 1c) (Piel) to withdraw, draw up

your daily
י֥וֹם (yō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: 1) day, time, year 1a) day (as opposed to night) 1b) day (24 hour period) 1b1) as defined by evening and morning in Genesis 1 1b2) as a division of time 1b2a) a working day, a day's journey 1c) days, lifetime (pl.) 1d) time, period (general) 1e) year 1f) temporal references 1f1) today 1f2) yesterday 1f3) tomorrow

בְּיוֹמֽוֹ׃ (bə·yō·w·mōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: 1) day, time, year 1a) day (as opposed to night) 1b) day (24 hour period) 1b1) as defined by evening and morning in Genesis 1 1b2) as a division of time 1b2a) a working day, a day's journey 1c) days, lifetime (pl.) 1d) time, period (general) 1e) year 1f) temporal references 1f1) today 1f2) yesterday 1f3) tomorrow

quota
דְּבַר־ (də·ḇar-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1697: 1) speech, word, speaking, thing 1a) speech 1b) saying, utterance 1c) word, words 1d) business, occupation, acts, matter, case, something, manner (by extension)

of bricks.”
מִלִּבְנֵיכֶ֖ם (mil·liḇ·nê·ḵem)
Preposition-m | Noun - feminine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3843: 1) tile, brick 1a) brick 1b) tile 1c) pavement

Parallel Strong's
Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Israelite foremen saw that they were in trouble when they were told, “ You cannot reduce your daily quota of bricks.”

New American Standard Bible
The foremen of the sons of Israel saw that they were in trouble because they were told, "You must not reduce [your] daily amount of bricks."

King James Bible
And the officers of the children of Israel did see [that] they [were] in evil [case], after it was said, Ye shall not minish [ought] from your bricks of your daily task.
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The Israelite overseers realized they were in trouble when they were told, "You are not to reduce the number of bricks required of you for each day."

New Living Translation
The Israelite foremen could see that they were in serious trouble when they were told, "You must not reduce the number of bricks you make each day."

English Standard Version
The foremen of the people of Israel saw that they were in trouble when they said, “You shall by no means reduce your number of bricks, your daily task each day.”

New American Standard Bible
The foremen of the sons of Israel saw that they were in trouble because they were told, "You must not reduce your daily amount of bricks."

King James Bible
And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case, after it was said, Ye shall not minish ought from your bricks of your daily task.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Israelite foremen saw that they were in trouble when they were told, "You cannot reduce your daily quota of bricks."

International Standard Version
The Israeli supervisors realized they were in trouble when he said, "You won't reduce each day's quota of bricks!"

NET Bible
The Israelite foremen saw that they were in trouble when they were told, "You must not reduce the daily quota of your bricks."

American Standard Version
And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case, when it was said, Ye shall not diminish aught from your bricks, your daily tasks.

English Revised Version
And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case, when it was said, Ye shall not minish aught from your bricks, your daily tasks.

Young's Literal Translation
And the authorities of the sons of Israel see them in affliction, saying, 'Ye do not diminish from your bricks; the matter of a day in its day.'






Cross References
Exodus 5:8
And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God.

Exodus 5:18
Go therefore now, and work; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of bricks.

Exodus 5:20
And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh:

Exodus 1:1
Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.

Exodus 5:17
But he said, Ye are idle, ye are idle: therefore ye say, Let us go and do sacrifice to the LORD.

Exodus 5:16
There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, thy servants are beaten; but the fault is in thine own people.

Exodus 5:21
And they said unto them, The LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.

Exodus 5:22
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Lord, wherefore hast thou so evil entreated this people? why is it that thou hast sent me?
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Affliction Amount Aught Authorities Bricks Case Children Daily Diminish Evil Foremen Ill Israel Israelite Lessen Matter Means Mischief Officers Ought Plight Purposing Quota Realized Reduce Required Responsible Stood Task Tasks Trouble Work
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Affliction Amount Aught Authorities Bricks Case Children Daily Diminish Evil Foremen Ill Israel Israelite Lessen Matter Means Mischief Officers Ought Plight Purposing Quota Realized Reduce Required Responsible Stood Task Tasks Trouble Work
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