New International Version
But concerning Israel he says, "All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and obstinate people."
King James Bible
But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
Darby Bible Translation
But unto Israel he says, All the day long I have stretched out my hands unto a people disobeying and opposing.
World English Bible
But as to Israel he says, "All day long I stretched out my hands to a disobedient and contrary people."
Young's Literal Translation
and unto Israel He saith, 'All the day I did stretch out My hands unto a people unbelieving and gainsaying.'
Romans 10:21 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
But to Israel he saith - In the very next verse, (Isaiah 65:2), All day long have I stretched forth my hands, manifesting the utmost readiness and willingness to gather them all together under my protecting care; but I stretched forth my hands in vain, for they are a disobedient and gainsaying people. They not only disobey my command, but they gainsay and contradict my prophets. Thus the apostle proves, in answer to the objection made Romans 10:16, that the infidelity of the Jews was the effect of their own obstinacy; that the opposition which they are now making to the Gospel was foretold and deplored 700 years before; and that their opposition, far from being a proof of the insufficiency of the Gospel, proved that this was the grand means which God had provided for their salvation; and having rejected this, they could expect no other. And this gives the apostle opportunity to speak largely concerning their rejection in the following chapter.
I. In the preceding chapter are several quotations from the law, the prophets, and the Psalms; and as the apostle seems to take them with considerable latitude of meaning, it has been thought that he only uses their words as being well calculated to express his sense, without paying any attention to their original import. This principle is too lax to be introduced in such solemn circumstances. Dr. Taylor has made some judicious and useful distinctions here. After observing that, if we allow this principle, no argument can be built on any of the apostle's quotations; and that it must have been an indifferent thing with him whether he did or did not understand the Scripture - as, on this supposition, they would serve him as well without as with the true meaning - he adds: the apostle was a strict and close quoter of the Scripture; but he did not always quote them in the same manner, or for the same purpose.
1. Sometimes his intention goes no farther than using the same strong expressions, as being equally applicable to the point in hand. So, Romans 10:6-8, he uses the words of Moses, not to prove any thing, nor as if he thought Moses spoke of the same subject, but only as intimating that the strong and lively expressions which Moses used concerning the doctrine he taught, were equally applicable to the faith of the Gospel. So, in the same manner, Romans 10:18, he quotes Psalm 19:4, though it is likely (see the note on Romans 10:18) that those expressions were used by the ancient Jews in application to the Messiah as the apostle applies them.
2. Sometimes the design of the quotation is only to show that the cases are parallel: or, that what happened in his times corresponded with what happened in former days. So Romans 2:24; Romans 8:36; Romans 9:27-29; Romans 11:2-5, Romans 11:8-10; Romans 15:21.
4. Sometimes the quotation is designed to prove a doctrinal point. Romans 3:4, Romans 3:10-19; Romans 4:3-17; Romans 5:12-14; Romans 9:7, Romans 9:9, Romans 9:12, Romans 9:13, Romans 9:15, Romans 9:17; Romans 10:5, Romans 10:11, Romans 10:13; Romans 12:19, Romans 12:20; Romans 13:9; Romans 14:11.
5. Sometimes it is the intention of the quotation to prove that something was predicted, or properly foretold in the prophetic writings, as Romans 9:25, Romans 9:26, Romans 9:33; Romans 10:16, Romans 10:19-21; Romans 11:26, Romans 11:27; Romans 15:9-13.
These things duly considered, it will appear that the apostle has every where shown a just regard to the true sense of the Scripture he quotes, in the view in which he quotes it.
These rules may help to vindicate the quotations in all the apostolic writings. And it is evident that we cannot form a true judgment upon any quotation, unless we take in the intention of the writer, or the view in which he quotes.
II. The apostle here makes a just and proper distinction between the righteousness or justification that is of the law, and that which is by faith in Christ. And, in his view of the former, shows it to be absolutely impossible; for if no man is to live thereby - to have spiritual and eternal life, but he who does these things; then salvation on that ground must be impossible; for,
1. The law makes no provision for the pardon of sin.
2. It affords no helps for the performance of duty.
3. It makes no allowances for imperfections in duty, or for imperfections is our nature.
4. Its commandments, necessarily, suppose a righteous soul, and a vigorous body; and it does not lower its claims to the fallen state of man.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
All day long.
LibraryThe Gospel Message, Good Tidings
[As it is written] How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the Gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! T he account which the Apostle Paul gives of his first reception among the Galatians (Galatians 4:15) , exemplifies the truth of this passage. He found them in a state of ignorance and misery; alienated from God, and enslaved to the blind and comfortless superstitions of idolatry. His preaching, accompanied with the power of the Holy Spirit, had a great and marvellous effect. …
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2
Christ the End of the Law
Which Sentence Dishonoreth the Holy Martyrs, Nay Rather Taketh Away Holy Martyrdoms Altogether. ...
Or Haply is it So, that He who Plots in this Way to Find...
But since you refuse to listen when I call and no one pays attention when I stretch out my hand,
All day long I have held out my hands to an obstinate people, who walk in ways not good, pursuing their own imaginations--
"Therefore this is what the LORD God Almighty, the God of Israel, says: 'Listen! I am going to bring on Judah and on everyone living in Jerusalem every disaster I pronounced against them. I spoke to them, but they did not listen; I called to them, but they did not answer.'"
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