Romans 10:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But concerning Israel he says, "All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and obstinate people."

King James Bible
But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.

Darby Bible Translation
But unto Israel he says, All the day long I have stretched out my hands unto a people disobeying and opposing.

World English Bible
But as to Israel he says, "All day long I stretched out my hands to a disobedient and contrary people."

Young's Literal Translation
and unto Israel He saith, 'All the day I did stretch out My hands unto a people unbelieving and gainsaying.'

Romans 10:21 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

But to Israel he saith - In the very next verse, (Isaiah 65:2), All day long have I stretched forth my hands, manifesting the utmost readiness and willingness to gather them all together under my protecting care; but I stretched forth my hands in vain, for they are a disobedient and gainsaying people. They not only disobey my command, but they gainsay and contradict my prophets. Thus the apostle proves, in answer to the objection made Romans 10:16, that the infidelity of the Jews was the effect of their own obstinacy; that the opposition which they are now making to the Gospel was foretold and deplored 700 years before; and that their opposition, far from being a proof of the insufficiency of the Gospel, proved that this was the grand means which God had provided for their salvation; and having rejected this, they could expect no other. And this gives the apostle opportunity to speak largely concerning their rejection in the following chapter.

I. In the preceding chapter are several quotations from the law, the prophets, and the Psalms; and as the apostle seems to take them with considerable latitude of meaning, it has been thought that he only uses their words as being well calculated to express his sense, without paying any attention to their original import. This principle is too lax to be introduced in such solemn circumstances. Dr. Taylor has made some judicious and useful distinctions here. After observing that, if we allow this principle, no argument can be built on any of the apostle's quotations; and that it must have been an indifferent thing with him whether he did or did not understand the Scripture - as, on this supposition, they would serve him as well without as with the true meaning - he adds: the apostle was a strict and close quoter of the Scripture; but he did not always quote them in the same manner, or for the same purpose.

1. Sometimes his intention goes no farther than using the same strong expressions, as being equally applicable to the point in hand. So, Romans 10:6-8, he uses the words of Moses, not to prove any thing, nor as if he thought Moses spoke of the same subject, but only as intimating that the strong and lively expressions which Moses used concerning the doctrine he taught, were equally applicable to the faith of the Gospel. So, in the same manner, Romans 10:18, he quotes Psalm 19:4, though it is likely (see the note on Romans 10:18) that those expressions were used by the ancient Jews in application to the Messiah as the apostle applies them.

2. Sometimes the design of the quotation is only to show that the cases are parallel: or, that what happened in his times corresponded with what happened in former days. So Romans 2:24; Romans 8:36; Romans 9:27-29; Romans 11:2-5, Romans 11:8-10; Romans 15:21.

3. Sometimes the quotation is only intended to explain a doctrinal point, as Romans 1:17; Romans 4:6-8, Romans 4:18-21; Romans 9:20, Romans 9:21; Romans 10:15; Romans 15:3.

4. Sometimes the quotation is designed to prove a doctrinal point. Romans 3:4, Romans 3:10-19; Romans 4:3-17; Romans 5:12-14; Romans 9:7, Romans 9:9, Romans 9:12, Romans 9:13, Romans 9:15, Romans 9:17; Romans 10:5, Romans 10:11, Romans 10:13; Romans 12:19, Romans 12:20; Romans 13:9; Romans 14:11.

5. Sometimes it is the intention of the quotation to prove that something was predicted, or properly foretold in the prophetic writings, as Romans 9:25, Romans 9:26, Romans 9:33; Romans 10:16, Romans 10:19-21; Romans 11:26, Romans 11:27; Romans 15:9-13.

These things duly considered, it will appear that the apostle has every where shown a just regard to the true sense of the Scripture he quotes, in the view in which he quotes it.

These rules may help to vindicate the quotations in all the apostolic writings. And it is evident that we cannot form a true judgment upon any quotation, unless we take in the intention of the writer, or the view in which he quotes.

II. The apostle here makes a just and proper distinction between the righteousness or justification that is of the law, and that which is by faith in Christ. And, in his view of the former, shows it to be absolutely impossible; for if no man is to live thereby - to have spiritual and eternal life, but he who does these things; then salvation on that ground must be impossible; for,

1. The law makes no provision for the pardon of sin.

2. It affords no helps for the performance of duty.

3. It makes no allowances for imperfections in duty, or for imperfections is our nature.

4. Its commandments, necessarily, suppose a righteous soul, and a vigorous body; and it does not lower its claims to the fallen state of man.

continued...

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

All day long.

Proverbs 1:24 Because I have called, and you refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded;

Isaiah 65:2-5 I have spread out my hands all the day to a rebellious people, which walks in a way that was not good, after their own thoughts...

Jeremiah 25:4 And the LORD has sent to you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but you have not listened...

Jeremiah 35:15 I have sent also to you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying...

Matthew 20:1-15 For the kingdom of heaven is like to a man that is an householder...

Matthew 21:33-43 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and dig a wine press in it...

Matthew 22:3-7 And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come...

Matthew 23:34-37 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you shall kill and crucify...

Luke 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

Acts 13:46,47 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you...

a disobedient.

Deuteronomy 9:13 Furthermore the LORD spoke to me, saying, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiff necked people:

Deuteronomy 31:27 For I know your rebellion, and your stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day...

1 Samuel 8:7,8 And the LORD said to Samuel, Listen to the voice of the people in all that they say to you: for they have not rejected you...

Nehemiah 9:26 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against you, and cast your law behind their backs...

Jeremiah 44:4-6 However, I sent to you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, Oh...

Acts 7:51,52 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do you...

1 Thessalonians 2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins always...

1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient...

Library
The Gospel Message, Good Tidings
[As it is written] How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the Gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! T he account which the Apostle Paul gives of his first reception among the Galatians (Galatians 4:15) , exemplifies the truth of this passage. He found them in a state of ignorance and misery; alienated from God, and enslaved to the blind and comfortless superstitions of idolatry. His preaching, accompanied with the power of the Holy Spirit, had a great and marvellous effect.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

Christ the End of the Law
The reason why many do not come to Christ is not because they are not earnest, after a fashion, and thoughtful and desirous to be saved, but because they cannot brook God's way of salvation. "They have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge," We do get them by our exhortation so far on the way that they become desirous to obtain eternal life, but "they have not submitted themselves to the righteousness of God." Mark, "submitted themselves," for it needs submission. Proud man wants to save
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 22: 1876

Which Sentence Dishonoreth the Holy Martyrs, Nay Rather Taketh Away Holy Martyrdoms Altogether. ...
3. Which sentence dishonoreth the holy Martyrs, nay rather taketh away holy martyrdoms altogether. For they would do more justly and wisely, according to these men, not to confess to their persecutors that they were Christians, and by confessing make them murderers: but rather by telling a lie, and denying what they were, should both themselves keep safe the convenience of the flesh and purpose of the heart, and not allow those to accomplish the wickedness which they had conceived in their mind.
St. Augustine—Against Lying

Or Haply is it So, that He who Plots in this Way to Find...
13. Or haply is it so, that he who plots in this way to find out Priscillianists, denies not Christ, forasmuch as with his mouth he utters what with his heart he believes not? As if truly (which I also said a little above) when it was said, "With the heart man believeth unto righteousness," it was added to no purpose, "with the mouth confession is made unto salvation?" [2398] Is it not so that almost all who have denied Christ before the persecutors, held in their heart what they believed of Him?
St. Augustine—Against Lying

Cross References
Proverbs 1:24
But since you refuse to listen when I call and no one pays attention when I stretch out my hand,

Isaiah 65:2
All day long I have held out my hands to an obstinate people, who walk in ways not good, pursuing their own imaginations--

Jeremiah 35:17
"Therefore this is what the LORD God Almighty, the God of Israel, says: 'Listen! I am going to bring on Judah and on everyone living in Jerusalem every disaster I pronounced against them. I spoke to them, but they did not listen; I called to them, but they did not answer.'"

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