Proverbs 30:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Keep falsehood and lies far from me; give me neither poverty nor riches, but give me only my daily bread.

King James Bible
Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me:

Darby Bible Translation
Remove far from me vanity and lies; give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with the bread of my daily need:

World English Bible
Remove far from me falsehood and lies. Give me neither poverty nor riches. Feed me with the food that is needful for me;

Young's Literal Translation
Vanity and a lying word put far from me, Poverty or wealth give not to me, Cause me to eat the bread of my portion,

Proverbs 30:8 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Remove far from me vanity and lies -

1. שוא shav, all false shows, all false appearances of happiness, every vain expectation. Let me not set my heart on any thing that is not solid, true, durable, and eternal.

2. Lies, דבר כזב debar cazab, all words of deception, empty pretensions, false promises, uncertain dependences, and words that Fail; promises which, when they become due, are like bad bills; they are dishonored because they are found to be forged, or the drawer insolvent.

From the import of the original, I am satisfied that Agur prays against idolatry, false religion, and false worship of every kind. שוא shau is used for an idol, a false god. Jeremiah 18:15 : "My people have forsaken me; they have burnt incense to Vanity;" לשוא lashshav, "to an Idol." Psalm 31:6 : "I have hated them that regard lying Vanities;" הבלי שוא habley shave, "vain Idols." See also Hosea 12:11; Jonah 2:8. And כזב cazab, a thing that fails or deceives, may well apply to the vain pretensions, false promises, and deceptive religious rites of idolatry. So Jeremiah 15:18 : "Wilt thou be unto me as a liar," כמו אכזב kemo achzob, like the false, failing promises of the false gods; "and as waters that fail;" לא נאמנו lo neemanu, that are not faithful; not like the true God, whose promises never fail. According to this view of the subject, Agur prays,

1. That he may be preserved from idolatry.

2. That he may put no confidence in any words but those pure words of God that never fail them that trust in him.

Give me neither poverty nor riches - Here are three requests:

1. Give me not poverty. The reason is added: Lest, being poor, I shall get into a covetous spirit, and, impelled by want, distrust my Maker, and take my neighbour's property; and, in order to excuse, hide, or vindicate my conduct, I take the name of my God in vain; תפשתי taphasti, "I catch at the name of God." Or, by swearing falsely, endeavor to make myself pass for innocent. Forswere the name of my God - Old MS. Bible. Coverdale, "deny or apostatize from him."

2. Give me not riches. For which petition he gives a reason also: Lest I be full, and addict myself to luxurious living, pamper the flesh and starve the soul, and so deny thee, the Fountain of goodness; and, if called on to resort to first principles, I say, Who is Jehovah! Why should I acknowledge, why should I serve him? And thus cast aside all religion, and all moral obligation.

3. The third request is, Feed me with food convenient for me, הטריפני לחם חקי hatripheni leechem chukki; the meaning of which is, "give me as prey my statute allowance of bread," i.e., my daily bread, a sufficient portion for each day. There is an allusion made to hunting: "Direct so by thy good providence, that I may each day find sufficient portion to subsist on, as a hunter in the forest prays that he may have good speed." It is the province of a preacher to show the importance and utility of such a prayer, and dilate the circumstances, and expand the reasons, after the commentator has shown the literal sense.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Proverbs 21:6 The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death.

Proverbs 22:8 He that sows iniquity shall reap vanity: and the rod of his anger shall fail.

Proverbs 23:5 Will you set your eyes on that which is not? for riches certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven.

Psalm 62:9,10 Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance...

Psalm 119:29,37 Remove from me the way of lying: and grant me your law graciously...

Ecclesiastes 1:2 Vanity of vanities, said the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity.

Isaiah 5:18 Woe to them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope:

Isaiah 59:4 None calls for justice, nor any pleads for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief...

John 2:8 And he said to them, Draw out now, and bear to the governor of the feast. And they bore it.

Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do you these things? We also are men of like passions with you...


Genesis 28:20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat...

Genesis 48:15,16 And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk...

Exodus 16:15,18,21,22,29,35 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they knew not what it was. And Moses said to them...

Matthew 6:11,33 Give us this day our daily bread...

Luke 11:3 Give us day by day our daily bread.

1 Timothy 6:6-8 But godliness with contentment is great gain...

convenient for me or of my allowance

2 Kings 25:30 And his allowance was a continual allowance given him of the king, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life.

Jeremiah 37:21 Then Zedekiah the king commanded that they should commit Jeremiah into the court of the prison...

Jeremiah 52:34 And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death...

A Homily for Humble Folks
A Sermon (No. 2140) delivered on Lord's Day, April 27th, 1890 by C.H. Spurgeon at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. "Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not the understanding of a man."--Proverbs 30:2. Sometimes it is necessary for a speaker to refer to himself, and he may feel it needful to do so in a way peculiar to the occasion. When Elihu addressed himself to Job and the three wise men, he commended himself to them saying, "I am full of matter, the spirit within me constraineth
C.H. Spurgeon—Sermons on Proverbs

The Tenth Commandment
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.' Exod 20: 17. THIS commandment forbids covetousness in general, Thou shalt not covet;' and in particular, Thy neighbour's house, thy neighbour's wife, &c. I. It forbids covetousness in general. Thou shalt not covet.' It is lawful to use the world, yea, and to desire so much of it as may keep us from the temptation
Thomas Watson—The Ten Commandments

A Book for Boys and Girls Or, Temporal Things Spritualized.
by John Bunyan, Licensed and entered according to order. London: Printed for, and sold by, R. Tookey, at his Printing House in St. Christopher's Court, in Threadneedle Street, behind the Royal Exchange, 1701. Advertisement by the Editor. Some degree of mystery hangs over these Divine Emblems for children, and many years' diligent researches have not enabled me completely to solve it. That they were written by Bunyan, there cannot be the slightest doubt. 'Manner and matter, too, are all his own.'[1]
John Bunyan—The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3

Thoughts Upon Worldly Riches. Sect. I.
HE that seriously considers the Constitution of the Christian Religion, observing the Excellency of its Doctrines, the Clearness of its Precepts, the Severity of its Threatnings, together with the Faithfulness of its Promises, and the Certainty of its Principles to trust to; such a one may justly be astonished, and admire what should be the reason that they who profess this not only the most excellent, but only true Religion in the World, should notwithstanding be generally as wicked, debauched and
William Beveridge—Private Thoughts Upon a Christian Life

Cross References
Matthew 6:11
Give us today our daily bread.

1 Timothy 6:8
But if we have food and clothing, we will be content with that.

Job 23:12
I have not departed from the commands of his lips; I have treasured the words of his mouth more than my daily bread.

Proverbs 30:7
"Two things I ask of you, LORD; do not refuse me before I die:

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