Proverbs 10:26
Parallel Verses
New International Version
As vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes, so are sluggards to those who send them.

King James Bible
As vinegar to the teeth, and as smoke to the eyes, so is the sluggard to them that send him.

Darby Bible Translation
As vinegar to the teeth, and as smoke to the eyes, so is the sluggard to them that send him.

World English Bible
As vinegar to the teeth, and as smoke to the eyes, so is the sluggard to those who send him.

Young's Literal Translation
As vinegar to the teeth, And as smoke to the eyes, So is the slothful to those sending him.

Proverbs 10:26 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

As vinegar to the teeth - The acid softening and dissolving the alkali of the bone, so as to impair their texture, and render them incapable of masticating; and as smoke affects the eyes, irritating their tender vessels, so as to give pain and prevent distinct vision; so the sluggard, the lounging, thriftless messenger, who never returns in time with the desired answer.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

vinegar

Proverbs 25:13,20 As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a faithful messenger to them that send him: for he refreshes the soul of his masters...

as smoke. As the acidity of vinegar causes the unpleasantness and pain to the teeth, and by softening and dissolving alkali of the bone, impairs their texture, and renders them incapable of mastication; and as smoke, by irritating the tender vessels, causes the eyes to smart, and prevents distinct vision; so a sluggish messenger is a continual vexation and loss to those by whom he is employed.

Isaiah 65:5 Which say, Stand by yourself, come not near to me; for I am holier than you. These are a smoke in my nose...

so

Matthew 25:26 His lord answered and said to him, You wicked and slothful servant, you knew that I reap where I sowed not...

Romans 12:11 Not slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord;

Hebrews 6:12 That you be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.

Library
The Two-Fold Aspect of the Divine Working
'The way of the Lord is strength to the upright: but destruction shall be to the workers of iniquity.'--PROVERBS x. 29. You observe that the words 'shall be,' in the last clause, are a supplement. They are quite unnecessary, and in fact they rather hinder the sense. They destroy the completeness of the antithesis between the two halves of the verse. If you leave them out, and suppose that the 'way of the Lord' is what is spoken of in both clauses, you get a far deeper and fuller meaning. 'The way
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Sanctions of Moral Law, Natural and Governmental.
In the discussion of this subject, I shall show-- I. What constitute the sanctions of law. 1. The sanctions of law are the motives to obedience, the natural and the governmental consequences or results of obedience and of disobedience. 2. They are remuneratory, that is, they promise reward to obedience. 3. They are vindicatory, that is, they threaten the disobedient with punishment. 4. They are natural, that is, happiness is to some extent naturally connected with, and the necessary consequence of,
Charles Grandison Finney—Systematic Theology

How the Simple and the Crafty are to be Admonished.
(Admonition 12.) Differently to be admonished are the simple and the insincere. The simple are to be praised for studying never to say what is false, but to be admonished to know how sometimes to be silent about what is true. For, as falsehood has always harmed him that speaks it, so sometimes the hearing of truth has done harm to some. Wherefore the Lord before His disciples, tempering His speech with silence, says, I have many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now (Joh. xvi. 12).
Leo the Great—Writings of Leo the Great

Letter xv (Circa A. D. 1129) to Alvisus, Abbot of Anchin
To Alvisus, Abbot of Anchin He praises the fatherly gentleness of Alvisus towards Godwin. He excuses himself, and asks pardon for having admitted him. To Alvisus, Abbot of Anchin. [18] 1. May God render to you the same mercy which you have shown towards your holy son Godwin. I know that at the news of his death you showed yourself unmindful of old complaints, and remembering only your friendship for him, behaved with kindness, not resentment, and putting aside the character of judge, showed yourself
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux—Some Letters of Saint Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux

Cross References
Proverbs 6:6
Go to the ant, you sluggard; consider its ways and be wise!

Proverbs 26:6
Sending a message by the hands of a fool is like cutting off one's feet or drinking poison.

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