Numbers 34:3
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New International Version
"'Your southern side will include some of the Desert of Zin along the border of Edom. Your southern boundary will start in the east from the southern end of the Dead Sea,

King James Bible
Then your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin along by the coast of Edom, and your south border shall be the outmost coast of the salt sea eastward:

Darby Bible Translation
Then your south side shall be from the wilderness of Zin alongside of Edom, and your southern border shall be from the end of the salt sea eastward;

World English Bible
then your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin along by the side of Edom, and your south border shall be from the end of the Salt Sea eastward;

Young's Literal Translation
then hath the south quarter been to you from the wilderness of Zin, by the sides of Edom, yea, the south border hath been to you from the extremity of the Salt Sea, eastward;

Numbers 34:3 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The salt sea - The Dead Sea, or lake Asphaltites. See the note on Genesis 19:25.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

south quarter

Exodus 23:31 And I will set your bounds from the Red sea even to the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert to the river...

Joshua 15:1-12 This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families...

Ezekiel 47:13,19 Thus said the Lord GOD; This shall be the border, whereby you shall inherit the land according to the twelve tribes of Israel...

salt sea eastward. The lake Asphaltites, Dead Sea, or Salt Sea, is, according to the most authentic accounts, about

70 miles in length, and

18 in breadth. Viewing this sea from the spot where the Jordan discharges its waters into it, it takes a south-easterly direction, visible for ten or fifteen miles, when it disappears in a curve towards the east. Its surface is generally unruffled, from the hollow of the basin in which it lies scarcely admitting the free passage necessary for a strong breeze; it is however, for the same reason, subject to whirlwinds or squalls of short duration. The mountains on each side are apparently separated by a distance of eight miles; but the expanse of water at this point has been supposed not to exceed five or six; as it advances towards the south, it evidently increases in breadth. The acrid saltness of its waters is much greater than that of the sea; and of such specific gravity that bodies will float on it that would sink in common sea-water. It is probably on this account that few fish can live in it; though the monks of St. Saba affirmed to Dr. Shaw, that they had seen fish caught in it.

Genesis 14:3 All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

Joshua 3:16 That the waters which came down from above stood and rose up on an heap very far from the city Adam, that is beside Zaretan...

Joshua 15:2 And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looks southward:

Ezekiel 47:8,18 Then said he to me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea...

The Talmudic Girdle of the Land under the Second Temple, Taken Out of the Jerusalem Sheviith, Fol. 36 3
What all these things mean, I cannot so much as conjecture; yea, nor can I scarce conjecture, what the meaning is of some of them. Neither is there any Oedipus at hand, nor Sphinx herself, to explain and unriddle them. The Talmudists are silent from making any comments here, nor have we the advantage of any other commentator. We must, therefore, act here according to the uncertain instruction of nods and winks; and that either by saying nothing, or by mere conjecture, since that the mind of the authors
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Pamias. Paneas, the Spring of Jordan.
The maps assign a double spring of Jordan; but by what right it scarce appears; much less does it appear by what right they should call this Jor,--and that Dan. There is indeed mention in Josephus of little Jordan and great Jordan. Hence, as it seems, was the first original of the double spring in the maps, and of a double river at those first springs. For thus Josephus; "There are fountains (in Daphne) which send little Jordan, as it is called, into the great." He treats, in the text cited, of the
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Joshua 1:4
Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the great river, the Euphrates--all the Hittite country--to the Mediterranean Sea in the west.

Joshua 15:1
The allotment for the tribe of Judah, according to its clans, extended down to the territory of Edom, to the Desert of Zin in the extreme south.

Joshua 15:5
The eastern boundary is the Dead Sea as far as the mouth of the Jordan. The northern boundary started from the bay of the sea at the mouth of the Jordan,

Ezekiel 47:19
"On the south side it will run from Tamar as far as the waters of Meribah Kadesh, then along the Wadi of Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea. This will be the southern boundary.

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Alongside Begin Border Boundary Close Coast Desert East Eastward Edom End Extend Extremity Include Limit Outmost Quarter Salt Sea Side South Southern Start Waste Wilderness Zin
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