Numbers 28:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
together with a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives.

King James Bible
And a tenth part of an ephah of flour for a meat offering, mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil.

Darby Bible Translation
and a tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for an oblation, mingled with beaten oil, a fourth part of a hin:

World English Bible
with the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil.

Young's Literal Translation
and a tenth of the ephah of flour for a present, mixed with beaten oil, a fourth of the hin;

Numbers 28:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Command the children of Israel, etc. - It is not easy to account for the reason of the introduction of these precepts here, which had been so circumstantially delivered before in different parts of the books of Exodus and Leviticus. It is possible that the daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly services had been considerably interrupted for several years, owing to the unsettled state of the people in the wilderness, and that it was necessary to repeat these laws for two reasons:

1. Because they were now about to enter into the promised land, where these services must be established and constant.

2. Because the former generations being all dead, multitudes of the present might be ignorant of these ordinances.

In their due season - Moses divides these offerings into: -

1. Daily. The morning and evening sacrifices: a lamb each time, Numbers 28:3, Numbers 28:4.

2. Weekly. The Sabbath offerings, two lambs of a year old, Numbers 28:9, etc.

3. Monthly. At the beginning of each month two young bullocks, one ram, and seven lambs of a year old, and a kid for a sin-offering, Numbers 28:11, etc.

4. Annual.1. The passover to last seven days; the offerings, two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of a year old, and a he-goat for a sin-offering, Numbers 28:16, etc. 2. The day of First-Fruits. The sacrifices, the same as on the beginning of the month, Numbers 28:26, etc.

With these sacrifices were offered libations, or drink-offerings of strong wine, Numbers 28:7, Numbers 28:14, and minchahs, or meat-offerings, composed of fine flour mingled with oil, Numbers 28:8, Numbers 28:12, etc. For an ample account of all these offerings, see the notes on Leviticus 7 (note) and Exodus 12 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a continual

Exodus 29:42 This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD...

Leviticus 6:9 Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering: It is the burnt offering...

2 Chronicles 2:4 Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it to him, and to burn before him sweet incense...

2 Chronicles 31:3 He appointed also the king's portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings...

Ezra 3:4 They kept also the feast of tabernacles, as it is written, and offered the daily burnt offerings by number, according to the custom...

Psalm 50:8 I will not reprove you for your sacrifices or your burnt offerings, to have been continually before me.

Ezekiel 46:14 And you shall prepare a meat offering for it every morning, the sixth part of an ephah, and the third part of an hin of oil...

Amos 5:25 Have you offered to me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

was ordained

Exodus 24:18 And Moses went into the middle of the cloud, and got him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.

Exodus 29:38-42 Now this is that which you shall offer on the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually...

Exodus 31:18 And he gave to Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him on mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone...

Library
Whether the Third Precept of the Decalogue, Concerning the Hallowing of the Sabbath, is Fittingly Expressed?
Objection 1: It seems that the third precept of the decalogue, concerning the hallowing of the Sabbath, is unfittingly expressed. For this, understood spiritually, is a general precept: since Bede in commenting on Lk. 13:14, "The ruler of the synagogue being angry that He had healed on the Sabbath," says (Comment. iv): "The Law forbids, not to heal man on the Sabbath, but to do servile works," i.e. "to burden oneself with sin." Taken literally it is a ceremonial precept, for it is written (Ex. 31:13):
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Numbers
Like the last part of Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus, the first part of Numbers, i.-x. 28--so called,[1] rather inappropriately, from the census in i., iii., (iv.), xxvi.--is unmistakably priestly in its interests and language. Beginning with a census of the men of war (i.) and the order of the camp (ii.), it devotes specific attention to the Levites, their numbers and duties (iii., iv.). Then follow laws for the exclusion of the unclean, v. 1-4, for determining the manner and amount of restitution
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Exodus 16:36
(An omer is one-tenth of an ephah.)

Leviticus 2:1
"'When anyone brings a grain offering to the LORD, their offering is to be of the finest flour. They are to pour olive oil on it, put incense on it

Numbers 15:4
then the person who brings an offering shall present to the LORD a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of olive oil.

Numbers 28:4
Offer one lamb in the morning and the other at twilight,

Numbers 28:6
This is the regular burnt offering instituted at Mount Sinai as a pleasing aroma, a food offering presented to the LORD.

Ezekiel 46:14
You are also to provide with it morning by morning a grain offering, consisting of a sixth of an ephah with a third of a hin of oil to moisten the flour. The presenting of this grain offering to the LORD is a lasting ordinance.

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