Numbers 25:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Therefore tell him I am making my covenant of peace with him.

King James Bible
Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:

Darby Bible Translation
Therefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace!

World English Bible
Therefore say, 'Behold, I give to him my covenant of peace:

Young's Literal Translation
'Therefore say, Lo, I am giving to him My covenant of peace,

Numbers 25:12 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

My covenant of peace - of an everlasting priesthood - As the word peace implied all kinds of blessings, both spiritual and temporal, it may mean no more here than the promise of God, to grant him and his family the utmost prosperity in reference to both worlds. The everlasting priesthood refers properly to the priesthood of Christ which was shadowed out by the priesthood under the law; no matter in what family it was continued. Therefore the כהנת עולם kehunnath olam, or eternal priesthood, does not merely refer to any sacerdotal ministrations which should be continued in the family of Phinehas, during the Mosaic dispensation, but to that priesthood of Christ typified by that of Aaron and his successors. The priesthood alone is everlasting, and a covenant or grant of that was made to Phinehas, and his descendants. The Jews reckon twelve high priests of the race of Phinehas, from this time to the days of Solomon, nine more from that time to the captivity, (see 1 Chronicles 6:4, 1 Chronicles 6:15), and fifteen from their return to the time of Antiochus Eupator, the last of whom was Onias, slain by Lysias. Ezra, the great priest and scribe, was of this line, Ezra 7:1, Ezra 7:5. The family of Ithamar, uncle of Phinehas, had the priesthood for about 150 years; but it was restored to the family of Phinehas in the person of Zadok the priest, 1 Chronicles 6:50, in which it continued in the whole about 950 years. Probably the Maccabees were of the same family; but though this is not certain, there is no evidence against it. See Calmet. God therefore sufficiently fulfilled his promise; he gave to him and his descendants almost the utmost temporal length that could be given of that priesthood which is, in its own nature, eternal. Here then the word עולם olam means, not a limited time, but what is eternal in its duration. See the note on Genesis 21:33.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

his seed

1 Samuel 2:30 Why the LORD God of Israel said, I said indeed that your house, and the house of your father, should walk before me for ever...

1 Kings 2:27 So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest to the LORD; that he might fulfill the word of the LORD...

1 Chronicles 6:4-15,50-53 Eleazar begat Phinehas, Phinehas begat Abishua...

an everlasting

Exodus 40:15 And you shall anoint them, as you did anoint their father, that they may minister to me in the priest's office...

Isaiah 61:6 But you shall be named the Priests of the LORD: men shall call you the Ministers of our God: you shall eat the riches of the Gentiles...

Jeremiah 33:18,22 Neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle meat offerings...

Hebrews 7:11,17,18 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood...

1 Peter 2:5,9 You also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices...

Revelation 1:6 And has made us kings and priests to God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

zealous

1 Kings 19:10,14 And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant...

Psalm 69:9 For the zeal of your house has eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached you are fallen on me.

Psalm 106:31 And that was counted to him for righteousness to all generations for ever more.

Psalm 119:139 My zeal has consumed me, because my enemies have forgotten your words.

John 2:17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of your house has eaten me up.

Acts 22:3-5 I am truly a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel...

Romans 10:2-4 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge...

atonement

Exodus 32:30 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said to the people, You have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up to the LORD...

Joshua 7:12 Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies...

2 Samuel 21:3 Why David said to the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? and with which shall I make the atonement...

Hebrews 2:17 Why in all things it behooved him to be made like to his brothers...

1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

Library
Whether Vengeance is Lawful?
Objection 1: It seems that vengeance is not lawful. For whoever usurps what is God's sins. But vengeance belongs to God, for it is written (Dt. 32:35, Rom. 12:19): "Revenge to Me, and I will repay." Therefore all vengeance is unlawful. Objection 2: Further, he that takes vengeance on a man does not bear with him. But we ought to bear with the wicked, for a gloss on Cant 2:2, "As the lily among the thorns," says: "He is not a good man that cannot bear with a wicked one." Therefore we should not take
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

How those that are at Variance and those that are at Peace are to be Admonished.
(Admonition 23.) Differently to be admonished are those that are at variance and those that are at peace. For those that are at variance are to be admonished to know most certainly that, in whatever virtues they may abound, they can by no means become spiritual if they neglect becoming united to their neighbours by concord. For it is written, But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace (Gal. v. 22). He then that has no care to keep peace refuses to bear the fruit of the Spirit. Hence Paul
Leo the Great—Writings of Leo the Great

Cross References
Psalm 106:30
But Phinehas stood up and intervened, and the plague was checked.

Psalm 106:31
This was credited to him as righteousness for endless generations to come.

Isaiah 54:10
Though the mountains be shaken and the hills be removed, yet my unfailing love for you will not be shaken nor my covenant of peace be removed," says the LORD, who has compassion on you.

Ezekiel 34:25
"'I will make a covenant of peace with them and rid the land of savage beasts so that they may live in the wilderness and sleep in the forests in safety.

Ezekiel 37:26
I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be an everlasting covenant. I will establish them and increase their numbers, and I will put my sanctuary among them forever.

Malachi 2:5
"My covenant was with him, a covenant of life and peace, and I gave them to him; this called for reverence and he revered me and stood in awe of my name.

Malachi 2:8
But you have turned from the way and by your teaching have caused many to stumble; you have violated the covenant with Levi," says the LORD Almighty.

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