Numbers 21:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When the Canaanite king of Arad, who lived in the Negev, heard that Israel was coming along the road to Atharim, he attacked the Israelites and captured some of them.

King James Bible
And when king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel came by the way of the spies; then he fought against Israel, and took some of them prisoners.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Canaanite king of Arad, who dwelt in the south, heard that Israel came by the way of Atharim, and he fought against Israel, and took some of them prisoners.

World English Bible
The Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the South, heard tell that Israel came by the way of Atharim; and he fought against Israel, and took some of them captive.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Canaanite -- king Arad -- dwelling in the south, heareth that Israel hath come the way of the Atharim, and he fighteth against Israel, and taketh some of them captive.

Numbers 21:1 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The way of the spies - אתרים atharim. Some think that this signifies the way that the spies took when they went to search the land. But this is impossible, as Dr. Kennicott justly remarks, because Israel had now marched from Meribah-Kadesh to Mount Hor, beyond Ezion-Gaber, and were turning round Edom to the south-east; and therefore the word is to be understood here as the name of a place.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Numbers 33:40 And king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelled in the south in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the children of Israel.

Joshua 12:14 The king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one;

Judges 1:16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law...

the way of the spies. Dr. Kennicott remarks, that the word atharim, rendered spies in our version, is in the Greek a proper name.

Numbers 13:21,22 So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin to Rehob, as men come to Hamath...

Numbers 14:45 Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelled in that hill, and smote them, and discomfited them, even to Hormah.


Deuteronomy 2:32 Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz.

Joshua 7:5 And the men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six men: for they chased them from before the gate even to Shebarim...

Joshua 11:19,20 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon...

Psalm 44:3,4 For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but your right hand, and your arm...

The Poison and the Antidote
'And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red Sea, to compare the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way. 5. And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul loatheth this light bread. 6. And the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died. 7. Therefore
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Messiah Suffering and Wounded for Us
Surely He hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: ..... He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are healed. W hen our Lord was transfigured, Moses and Elijah appeared in glory and conversed with Him. Had we been informed of the interview only, we should probably have desired to know the subject of their conversation, as we might reasonably suppose it turned upon very interesting and important
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

The Two Classes.
"Two men went up into the temple to pray."--Luke xvii. 10. I now want to speak of two classes: First, those who do not feel their need of a Saviour who have not been convinced of sin by the Spirit; and Second, those who are convinced of sin and cry, "What must I do to be saved?" All inquirers can be ranged under two heads: they have either the spirit of the Pharisee, or the spirit of the publican. If a man having the spirit of the Pharisee comes into an after-meeting, I know of no better portion
Dwight L. Moody—The Way to God and How to Find It

Like the last part of Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus, the first part of Numbers, i.-x. 28--so called,[1] rather inappropriately, from the census in i., iii., (iv.), xxvi.--is unmistakably priestly in its interests and language. Beginning with a census of the men of war (i.) and the order of the camp (ii.), it devotes specific attention to the Levites, their numbers and duties (iii., iv.). Then follow laws for the exclusion of the unclean, v. 1-4, for determining the manner and amount of restitution
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Genesis 12:9
Then Abram set out and continued toward the Negev.

Numbers 33:40
The Canaanite king of Arad, who lived in the Negev of Canaan, heard that the Israelites were coming.

Joshua 12:14
the king of Hormah one the king of Arad one

Judges 1:16
The descendants of Moses' father-in-law, the Kenite, went up from the City of Palms with the people of Judah to live among the inhabitants of the Desert of Judah in the Negev near Arad.

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