Numbers 20:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Since Edom refused to let them go through their territory, Israel turned away from them.

King James Bible
Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him.

Darby Bible Translation
Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his territory; and Israel turned away from him.

World English Bible
Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border, so Israel turned away from him.

Young's Literal Translation
and Edom refuseth to suffer Israel to pass over through his border, and Israel turneth aside from off him.

Numbers 20:21 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border - Though every king has a right to refuse passage through his territories to any strangers; yet in a case like this, and in a time also in which emigrations were frequent and universally allowed, it was both cruelty and oppression in Edom to refuse a passage to a comparatively unarmed and inoffensive multitude, who were all their own near kinsmen. It appears however that it was only the Edomites of Kadesh that were thus unfriendly and cruel; for from Deuteronomy 2:29 we learn that the Edomites who dwelt in Mount Seir treated them in a hospitable manner. This cruelty in the Edomites of Kadesh is strongly reprehended, and threatened by the Prophet Obadiah, Obadiah 1:10, etc.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Deuteronomy 2:27,29 Let me pass through your land: I will go along by the high way, I will neither turn to the right hand nor to the left...


Deuteronomy 2:4-8 And command you the people, saying, You are to pass through the coast of your brothers the children of Esau, which dwell in Seir...

Deuteronomy 23:7 You shall not abhor an Edomite; for he is your brother: you shall not abhor an Egyptian; because you were a stranger in his land.

Judges 11:18,24 Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab...

August 17. "Speak Ye unto the Rock" (Num. xx. 8).
"Speak ye unto the Rock" (Num. xx. 8). The Holy Ghost is very sensitive, as love always is. You can conquer a wild beast by blows and chains, but you cannot conquer a woman's heart that way, or win the love of a sensitive nature; that must be wooed by the delicate touches of trust and affection. So the Holy Ghost has to be taken by a faith as delicate and sensitive as the gentle heart with whom it is coming in touch. One thought of unbelief, one expression of impatient distrust or fear, will instantly
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Baptist's Inquiry and Jesus' Discourse Suggested Thereby.
(Galilee.) ^A Matt. XI. 2-30; ^C Luke VII. 18-35. ^c 18 And the disciples of John told him of all these things. ^a 2 Now when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent by his disciples ^c 19 And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them unto the Lord [John had been cast into prison about December, a.d. 27, and it was now after the Passover, possibly in May or June, a.d. 28. Herod Antipas had cast John into prison because John had reproved him for taking his brother's wife.
J. W. McGarvey—The Four-Fold Gospel

Cross References
Numbers 21:23
But Sihon would not let Israel pass through his territory. He mustered his entire army and marched out into the wilderness against Israel. When he reached Jahaz, he fought with Israel.

Deuteronomy 2:8
So we went on past our relatives the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. We turned from the Arabah road, which comes up from Elath and Ezion Geber, and traveled along the desert road of Moab.

Judges 11:17
Then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, 'Give us permission to go through your country,' but the king of Edom would not listen. They sent also to the king of Moab, and he refused. So Israel stayed at Kadesh.

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