Matthew 5:39
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also.

King James Bible
But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.

Darby Bible Translation
But *I* say unto you, not to resist evil; but whoever shall strike thee on thy right cheek, turn to him also the other;

World English Bible
But I tell you, don't resist him who is evil; but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also.

Young's Literal Translation
but I -- I say to you, not to resist the evil, but whoever shall slap thee on thy right cheek, turn to him also the other;

Matthew 5:39 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Resist not evil - Or, the evil person. So, I am fully persuaded, τω πονηρω ought to be translated. Our Lord's meaning is, "Do not repel one outrage by another." He that does so makes himself precisely what the other is, a wicked person.

Turn to him the other also - That is, rather than avenge thyself, be ready to suffer patiently a repetition of the same injury. But these exhortations belong to those principally who are persecuted for righteousness' sake. Let such leave the judgment of their cause to Him for whose sake they suffer. The Jews always thought that every outrage should be resented; and thus the spirit of hatred and strife was fostered.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

That.

Leviticus 19:18 You shall not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself...

1 Samuel 24:10-15 Behold, this day your eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered you to day into my hand in the cave: and some bade me kill you...

1 Samuel 25:31-34 That this shall be no grief to you, nor offense of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood causeless...

1 Samuel 26:8-10 Then said Abishai to David, God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray you...

Job 31:29-31 If I rejoice at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him...

Proverbs 20:22 Say not you, I will recompense evil; but wait on the LORD, and he shall save you.

Proverbs 24:29 Say not, I will do so to him as he has done to me: I will render to the man according to his work.

Luke 6:29 And to him that smites you on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that takes away your cloak forbid not to take your coat also.

Romans 12:17-19 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men...

1 Corinthians 6:7 Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because you go to law one with another. Why do you not rather take wrong?...

1 Thessalonians 5:15 See that none render evil for evil to any man; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men.

Hebrews 12:4 You have not yet resisted to blood, striving against sin.

James 5:6 You have condemned and killed the just; and he does not resist you.

1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that you are thereunto called...

whosoever.

1 Kings 22:24 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said...

Job 16:10 They have gaped on me with their mouth; they have smitten me on the cheek reproachfully...

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Lamentations 3:30 He gives his cheek to him that smites him: he is filled full with reproach.

Micah 5:1 Now gather yourself in troops, O daughter of troops: he has laid siege against us...

Luke 6:29 And to him that smites you on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that takes away your cloak forbid not to take your coat also.

Luke 22:64 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote you?

1 Peter 2:20-23 For what glory is it, if, when you be buffeted for your faults, you shall take it patiently? but if, when you do well...

Library
Agree with Thine Adversary
Eversley, 1861. Windsor Castle, 1867. St. Matthew v. 25, 26. "Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing." This parable our Lord seems to have spoken at least twice, as He did several others. For we find it also in the 12th
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

Salt Without Savour
'Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.'--MATT. v. 13. These words must have seemed ridiculously presumptuous when they were first spoken, and they have too often seemed mere mockery and irony in the ages since. A Galilean peasant, with a few of his rude countrymen who had gathered round him, stands up there on the mountain, and says to them, 'You,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Lamp and the Bushel
'Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 15. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. 16. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.'--Matt. v. 14-16. The conception of the office of Christ's disciples contained in these words is a still bolder one than that expressed by the preceding metaphor, which
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The New Form of the Old Law
'Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 19. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20. For I say
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
1 Kings 22:24
Then Zedekiah son of Kenaanah went up and slapped Micaiah in the face. "Which way did the spirit from the LORD go when he went from me to speak to you?" he asked.

Proverbs 20:22
Do not say, "I'll pay you back for this wrong!" Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you.

Proverbs 24:29
Do not say, "I'll do to them as they have done to me; I'll pay them back for what they did."

Matthew 5:40
And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well.

Luke 6:7
The Pharisees and the teachers of the law were looking for a reason to accuse Jesus, so they watched him closely to see if he would heal on the Sabbath.

Luke 6:29
If someone slaps you on one cheek, turn to them the other also. If someone takes your coat, do not withhold your shirt from them.

Luke 6:30
Give to everyone who asks you, and if anyone takes what belongs to you, do not demand it back.

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