Matthew 23:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And do not call anyone on earth 'father,' for you have one Father, and he is in heaven.

King James Bible
And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.

Darby Bible Translation
And call not [any one] your father upon the earth; for one is your Father, he who is in the heavens.

World English Bible
Call no man on the earth your father, for one is your Father, he who is in heaven.

Young's Literal Translation
and ye may not call any your father on the earth, for one is your Father, who is in the heavens,

Matthew 23:9 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Call no man your Father - Our Lord probably alludes to the Ab, or father of the Sanhedrin, who was the next after the nasi, or president. See on Matthew 20:21 (note). By which he gives his disciples to understand that he would have no Second, after himself, established in his Church, of which he alone was the head; and that perfect equality must subsist among them.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

call.

2 Kings 2:12 And Elisha saw it, and he cried, My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. And he saw him no more...

2 Kings 6:21 And the king of Israel said to Elisha, when he saw them, My father, shall I smite them? shall I smite them?

2 Kings 13:14 Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died. And Joash the king of Israel came down to him, and wept over his face...

Job 32:21,22 Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person, neither let me give flattering titles to man...

Acts 22:1 Men, brothers, and fathers, hear you my defense which I make now to you.

1 Corinthians 4:15 For though you have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have you not many fathers...

1 Timothy 5:1,2 Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as brothers...

Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence...

for.

Matthew 6:8,9,32 Be not you therefore like to them: for your Father knows what things you have need of, before you ask him...

Malachi 1:6 A son honors his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is my honor? and if I be a master, where is my fear?...

Romans 8:14-17 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God...

2 Corinthians 6:18 And will be a Father to you, and you shall be my sons and daughters, said the Lord Almighty.

1 John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knows us not...

Library
The Morality of the Gospel.
Is stating the morality of the Gospel as an argument of its truth, I am willing to admit two points; first, that the teaching of morality was not the primary design of the mission; secondly, that morality, neither in the Gospel, nor in any other book, can be a subject, properly speaking, of discovery. If I were to describe in a very few words the scope of Christianity as a revelation, [49] I should say that it was to influence the conduct of human life, by establishing the proof of a future state
William Paley—Evidences of Christianity

First Attempts on Jerusalem.
Jesus, almost every year, went to Jerusalem for the feast of the passover. The details of these journeys are little known, for the synoptics do not speak of them,[1] and the notes of the fourth Gospel are very confused on this point.[2] It was, it appears, in the year 31, and certainly after the death of John, that the most important of the visits of Jesus to Jerusalem took place. Many of the disciples followed him. Although Jesus attached from that time little value to the pilgrimage, he conformed
Ernest Renan—The Life of Jesus

On Attending the Church Service
"The sin of the young men was very great." 1 Sam. 2:17. 1. The corruption, not only of the heathen world, but likewise of them that were called Christians, has been matter of sorrow and lamentation to pious men, almost from the time of the apostles. And hence, as early as the second century, within a hundred years of St. John's removal from the earth, men who were afraid of being partakers of other men's sins, thought it their duty to separate from them. Hence, in every age many have retired from
John Wesley—Sermons on Several Occasions

Machinations of the Enemies of Jesus.
Jesus passed the autumn and a part of the winter at Jerusalem. This season is there rather cold. The portico of Solomon, with its covered aisles, was the place where he habitually walked.[1] This portico consisted of two galleries, formed by three rows of columns, and covered by a ceiling of carved wood.[2] It commanded the valley of Kedron, which was doubtless less covered with debris than it is at the present time. The depth of the ravine could not be measured, from the height of the portico; and
Ernest Renan—The Life of Jesus

Cross References
Matthew 6:9
"This, then, is how you should pray: "'Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name,

Matthew 7:11
If you, then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good gifts to those who ask him!

Matthew 23:10
Nor are you to be called instructors, for you have one Instructor, the Messiah.

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