Luke 1:79
Parallel Verses
New International Version
to shine on those living in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the path of peace."

King James Bible
To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.

Darby Bible Translation
to shine upon them who were sitting in darkness and in [the] shadow of death, to guide our feet into [the] way of peace.

World English Bible
to shine on those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death; to guide our feet into the way of peace."

Young's Literal Translation
To give light to those sitting in darkness and death-shade, To guide our feet to a way of peace.'

Luke 1:79 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And thou, child, etc. - Zacharias proclaims the dignity, employment, doctrine, and success of his son; and the ruin and recovery of the Jews and the Gentiles.

1. His dignity. Thou shalt be called (constituted) a prophet of the Most High. Prophet has two acceptations: -

1st. A person who foretells future events; and;

2dly. A teacher of men in the things of God, 1 Corinthians 14:3.

John was a prophet in both senses: he proclaimed the mercy which should be communicated; announced the baptism of the Holy Spirit; and taught men how to leave their sins, and how to find the salvation of God. See Luke 3:5-14. His very name, Jehochanan, the grace or mercy of Jehovah, (see Luke 1:60), was a constant prediction of the salvation of God. Our Lord terms him the greatest prophet which had ever appeared in the world. He had the honor of being the last and clearest prophet of the old covenant, and the first of the new.

2. His employment. Thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways. He should be the immediate forerunner of Jesus Christ, none being capable of succeeding him in his ministry but Christ himself. He was to prepare his ways, to be the honored instrument, in the hands of God, of disposing the hearts of multitudes of the Israelites to believe in and follow the Lord Jesus.

3. Zacharias points out the doctrine or teaching of John. It should be γνωσις σωτηριας, the science of salvation. Men are ignorant, and they must be instructed. Human sciences may be profitable in earthly matters, but cannot profit the soul. The science that teaches God must come from God. No science is of any avail to the soul that does not bring salvation with it: this is the excellence of heavenly science, and an excellence that is peculiar to itself. No science but that which comes from God can ever save a soul from the power, the guilt, and the pollution of sin.

4. Zacharias predicts the success of his son's ministry. Under his preaching, the people should be directed to that tender mercy of God, through which they might obtain the remission of their sins, Luke 1:77, Luke 1:78. Those who are sent by God, and preach his truth, and his only, shall always be successful in their work; for it is for this very purpose that God has sent them; and it would be a marvelous thing, indeed, should they labor in vain. But there never was such a case, since God made man, in which a preacher was Divinely commissioned to preach Jesus and his salvation, and yet had no fruit of his labor.

5. Zacharias points out the wretched state in which the inhabitants of Judea and the Gentile world were then found.

1. Their feet had wandered out of the way of peace, (Luke 1:79), of temporal and spiritual prosperity.

2. They had got into a state of darkness - they were blind concerning the things of God, and the things which belonged to their salvation.

3. They had become contented inhabitants of this land of intellectual darkness - they had sat down in it, and were not concerned to get out of it.

4. They were about to perish in it - death had his dominion there; and his swift approaches to them were now manifested to the prophet by seeing his shadow cast upon them.

Ignorance of God and salvation is the shadow of death; and the substance, eternal ruin, is essentially connected with the projected shadow. See these phrases explained at large on Matthew 4:16 (note).

continued...

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

give.

Luke 2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.

Isaiah 9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death...

Isaiah 42:7,16 To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house...

Isaiah 49:6,9 And he said, It is a light thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel...

Isaiah 60:1-3 Arise, shine; for your light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen on you...

Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.

John 1:9 That was the true Light, which lights every man that comes into the world.

John 8:12 Then spoke Jesus again to them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that follows me shall not walk in darkness...

John 9:5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.

John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whoever believes on me should not abide in darkness.

Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God...

Ephesians 5:8 For you were sometimes darkness, but now are you light in the Lord: walk as children of light:

1 Thessalonians 5:4,5 But you, brothers, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief...

1 John 1:5-7 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare to you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all...

and.

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Job 10:22 A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without any order, and where the light is as darkness.

Psalm 23:4 Yes, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for you are with me...

Psalm 44:19 Though you have sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.

Psalm 107:10,14 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron...

Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where is the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness...

to guide.

Psalm 25:8-10,12 Good and upright is the LORD: therefore will he teach sinners in the way...

Psalm 85:10-13 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other...

Proverbs 3:17 Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.

Proverbs 8:20 I lead in the way of righteousness, in the middle of the paths of judgment:

Isaiah 48:17,22 Thus said the LORD, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD your God which teaches you to profit...

Isaiah 57:19-21 I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to him that is far off, and to him that is near, said the LORD; and I will heal him...

Isaiah 59:8 The way of peace they know not; and there is no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths...

Jeremiah 6:16 Thus said the LORD, Stand you in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein...

Matthew 11:28,29 Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest...

Romans 3:17 And the way of peace have they not known:

Library
July 19 Morning
He that is mighty hath done to me great things; and holy is his name.--LUKE 1:49. Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?--Among the gods there is none like unto thee, O Lord; neither are there any works like unto thy works.--Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy.--Hallowed be thy name. Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people. Who is this
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

March 24 Morning
Abraham believed in the Lord; and he counted it to him for righteousness.--GEN. 15:6. He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; and being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him: but for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

Jesus Born the Son of God.
(Christmas Sermon.) "Glory to God in" the Highest, on earth peace; goodwill towards men. Amen." TEXT: LUKE i. 31, 32. "Behold, . . . thou shalt bring forth a Son, and shalt call his name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Most High." THESE were the words of promise spoken by the angel to Mary, that Ho whom she should bear should be called the Son of the Highest; and as this promise is after wards brought into direct connection with the statement that the power of the Highest
Friedrich Schleiermacher—Selected Sermons of Schleiermacher

The Key-Note of a Choice Sonnet
But now, having introduced to you her magnificat, we will dwell upon these words, "My soul doth magnify the Lord," and I do earnestly hope that many of us can adopt the language without being guilty of falsehood: we can as truly say as Mary did, "My soul doth magnify the Lord." If there are any of you present to-night who cannot say it, get to your chambers, fall upon your knees, and cry to the Lord to help you to do so; for as long as a man cannot magnify God he is not fit for heaven, where the
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 26: 1880

Cross References
Psalm 107:10
Some sat in darkness, in utter darkness, prisoners suffering in iron chains,

Isaiah 9:2
The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of deep darkness a light has dawned.

Isaiah 42:16
I will lead the blind by ways they have not known, along unfamiliar paths I will guide them; I will turn the darkness into light before them and make the rough places smooth. These are the things I will do; I will not forsake them.

Isaiah 59:8
The way of peace they do not know; there is no justice in their paths. They have turned them into crooked roads; no one who walks along them will know peace.

Matthew 4:16
the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned."

Acts 10:36
You know the message God sent to the people of Israel, announcing the good news of peace through Jesus Christ, who is Lord of all.

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