Leviticus 23:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'These are my appointed festivals, the appointed festivals of the LORD, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies.

King James Bible
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.

Darby Bible Translation
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, [Concerning] the set feasts of Jehovah, which ye shall proclaim as holy convocations -- these are my set feasts.

World English Bible
"Speak to the children of Israel, and tell them, 'The set feasts of Yahweh, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my set feasts.

Young's Literal Translation
Speak unto the sons of Israel, and thou hast said unto them, Appointed seasons of Jehovah, which ye proclaim, holy convocations, are these: they are My appointed seasons:

Leviticus 23:2 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

These are my feasts - The original word מועד moad is properly applied to any solemn anniversary, by which great and important ecclesiastical, political, or providential facts were recorded; see Clarke on Genesis 1:14 (note). Anniversaries of this kind were observed in all nations; and some of them, in consequence of scrupulously regular observation, became chronological epochs of the greatest importance in history: the Olympiads, for example.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the feasts God appointed several festivals among the Jews. The {Passover} was celebrated on the

14th, or rather

15th day of the first month in the ecclesiastical year, which was the seventh of the civil year, which was the seventh of the civil year, and lasted seven days. The {Pentecost} was celebrated on the fiftieth day after the passover, in memory of the law's being given to Moses on Mount Sinair, fifty days, of seven weeks after the departure out of Egypt. The word is derived from the Greek word [], which signifies the fiftieth. The Hebrews call it the feast of weeks,

Exodus 34:22 And you shall observe the feast of weeks, of the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

The feast of {trumpets}, celebrated on the first day of the civil year, when a trumpet was sounded, to proclaim its commencement, which was in the month {Tisri}, answering to our September

Leviticus 23:24,25 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall you have a sabbath...

The {new moons}, or first days of every month, were, in some sort, a consequence of the feast of trumpets. God ordained that, by giving him the first-fruits of every month they should acknowledge him as the Lord of all their time, and own his providence, by which all times and seasons are ordered. The feast of {expiation} or atonement was kept on the

10th day of Tisri or September: the Hebrews call it Kippur, i.e. pardon or expiation, because it was instituted for the expiation of their sins. The feast of tents or tabernacles was so called, because the Israelites kept it under green tents or arbours, in memory of their dwelling in their passage through the wilderness. It was celebrated on the

15th day of Tisri, and continue eight days: the first and last days are the most solemn. Besides the feasts mentioned by Moses, we find the feast of lots, or Purim, which was celebrated among the Jews of Shushan on the

14th of Adar, which answers to our February. The feast of the dedication of the temple, or rather, of the restoration of the temple, which had been profaned by Antiochus Epiphanes, which is thought to be the feast mentioned in the gospel (

John 10:22 And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.

), was celebrated in the winter. Moadim, properly means assemblies, convened at an appointed time and place.

Leviticus 23:4,37 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which you shall proclaim in their seasons...

Exodus 23:14-17 Three times you shall keep a feast to me in the year...

Isaiah 1:13,14 Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination to me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies...

Isaiah 33:20 Look on Zion, the city of our solemnities: your eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down...

Lamentations 1:4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh...

Hosea 2:11 I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.

Nahum 1:15 Behold on the mountains the feet of him that brings good tidings, that publishes peace! O Judah, keep your solemn feasts...

John 5:1 After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

Colossians 2:1 For I would that you knew what great conflict I have for you, and for them at Laodicea...


Exodus 32:5 And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the LORD.

Numbers 10:2,3,10 Make you two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shall you make them: that you may use them for the calling of the assembly...

2 Kings 10:20 And Jehu said, Proclaim a solemn assembly for Baal. And they proclaimed it.

2 Chronicles 30:5 So they established a decree to make proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beersheba even to Dan...

Psalm 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.

Joel 1:14 Sanctify you a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land into the house of the LORD your God...

Joel 2:15 Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly:

Jonah 3:5-9 So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth...

The Consecration of Joy
'And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, 34. Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the Lord. 35. On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 36. Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord; on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Deputation from Jerusalem - the Three Sects of the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes - Examination of their Distinctive Doctrines.
APART from the repulsively carnal form which it had taken, there is something absolutely sublime in the continuance and intensity of the Jewish expectation of the Messiah. It outlived not only the delay of long centuries, but the persecutions and scattering of the people; it continued under the disappointment of the Maccabees, the rule of a Herod, the administration of a corrupt and contemptible Priesthood, and, finally, the government of Rome as represented by a Pilate; nay, it grew in intensity
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Cross References
Colossians 2:16
Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day.

Leviticus 23:1
The LORD said to Moses,

Leviticus 23:4
"'These are the LORD's appointed festivals, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times:

Leviticus 23:21
On that same day you are to proclaim a sacred assembly and do no regular work. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

Leviticus 23:37
("'These are the LORD's appointed festivals, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing food offerings to the LORD--the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day.

Numbers 29:39
"'In addition to what you vow and your freewill offerings, offer these to the LORD at your appointed festivals: your burnt offerings, grain offerings, drink offerings and fellowship offerings.'"

1 Chronicles 23:31
and whenever burnt offerings were presented to the LORD on the Sabbaths, at the New Moon feasts and at the appointed festivals. They were to serve before the LORD regularly in the proper number and in the way prescribed for them.

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