Joshua 15:42
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Libnah, Ether, Ashan,

King James Bible
Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan,

Darby Bible Translation
Libna, and Ether, and Ashan,

World English Bible
Libnah, Ether, Ashan,

Young's Literal Translation
Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan,

Joshua 15:42 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Libnah - See the note on Joshua 10:29.

Ether - From Joshua 19:7 we learn that this city was afterwards given to the tribe of Simeon.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Joshua 10:29 Then Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, to Libnah, and fought against Libnah:

Joshua 12:15 The king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;

2 Kings 8:22 Yet Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah to this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time.


Joshua 19:7 Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages:

The Sea of Sodom
The bounds of Judea, on both sides, are the sea; the western bound is the Mediterranean,--the eastern, the Dead sea, or the sea of Sodom. This the Jewish writers every where call, which you may not so properly interpret here, "the salt sea," as "the bituminous sea." In which sense word for word, "Sodom's salt," but properly "Sodom's bitumen," doth very frequently occur among them. The use of it was in the holy incense. They mingled 'bitumen,' 'the amber of Jordan,' and [an herb known to few], with
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Divers Matters.
I. Beth-cerem, Nehemiah 3:14. "The stones, as well of the altar, as of the ascent to the altar, were from the valley of Beth-cerem, which they digged out beneath the barren land. And thence they are wont to bring whole stones, upon which the working iron came not." The fathers of the traditions, treating concerning the blood of women's terms, reckon up five colours of it; among which that, "which is like the water of the earth, out of the valley of Beth-cerem."--Where the Gloss writes thus, "Beth-cerem
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Sennacherib (705-681 B. C. )
The struggle of Sennacherib with Judaea and Egypt--Destruction of Babylon. Sennacherib either failed to inherit his father's good fortune, or lacked his ability.* He was not deficient in military genius, nor in the energy necessary to withstand the various enemies who rose against him at widely removed points of his frontier, but he had neither the adaptability of character nor the delicate tact required to manage successfully the heterogeneous elements combined under his sway. * The two principal
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8

Kadesh. Rekam, and that Double. Inquiry is Made, Whether the Doubling it in the Maps is Well Done.
The readers of the eastern interpreters will observe, that Kadesh is rendered by all Rekam, or in a sound very near it. In the Chaldee, it is 'Rekam': in the Syriac, 'Rekem': in the Arabic, 'Rakim'... There are two places noted by the name Rekam in the very bounds of the land,--to wit, the southern and eastern: that is, a double Kadesh. I. Of Kadesh, or Rekam, in the south part, there is no doubt. II. Of it, in the eastern part, there is this mention: "From Rekam to the east, and Rekam is as the
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Joshua 10:29
Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Makkedah to Libnah and attacked it.

Joshua 15:41
Gederoth, Beth Dagon, Naamah and Makkedah--sixteen towns and their villages.

Joshua 15:43
Iphtah, Ashnah, Nezib,

Joshua 21:13
So to the descendants of Aaron the priest they gave Hebron (a city of refuge for one accused of murder), Libnah,

1 Samuel 30:30
to those in Hormah, Bor Ashan, Athak

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