Joshua 12:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He also ruled over the eastern Arabah from the Sea of Galilee to the Sea of the Arabah (that is, the Dead Sea), to Beth Jeshimoth, and then southward below the slopes of Pisgah.

King James Bible
And from the plain to the sea of Chinneroth on the east, and unto the sea of the plain, even the salt sea on the east, the way to Bethjeshimoth; and from the south, under Ashdothpisgah:

Darby Bible Translation
and the plain as far as the sea of Chinneroth on the east, and as far as the sea of the plain, the salt sea, on the east, toward Beth-jeshimoth; and on the south, under the slopes of Pisgah;

World English Bible
and the Arabah to the sea of Chinneroth, eastward, and to the sea of the Arabah, even the Salt Sea, eastward, the way to Beth Jeshimoth; and on the south, under the slopes of Pisgah:

Young's Literal Translation
And the plain unto the sea of Chinneroth eastward, and unto the sea of the plain (the salt sea) eastward, the way to Beth-Jeshimoth, and from the south under the springs of Pisgah.

Joshua 12:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The sea of Chinneroth - Or Gennesareth, the same as the lake or sea of Tiberias.

The Salt Sea on the east - ים המלח yam hammelach, which is here translated the Salt Sea, is understood by others to mean the sea of the city Melach. Where can we find any thing that can be called a salt sea on the east of the lake of Gennesareth? Some think that the lake Asphaltites, called also the Dead Sea, Sea of the Desert, Sea of Sodom, and Salt Sea, is here intended.

Beth-jeshimoth - A city near the Dead Sea in the plains of Moab.

Ashdoth-pisgah - Supposed to be a city at the foot of Mount Pisgah.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sea of Chinneroth This inland sea, or rather lake, which drives its several names, the Lake of Tiberias, Sea of Galilee, Lake of Gennesaret, from the territory which forms its western and south-western border, is computed to be between seventeen and eighteen mile in length, and from five to six in breadth. The waters of this lake, which are sweet and agreeable, lie in a deep basin, surrounded with lofty hills, except at the north and south, where it is a plain country or level. There is a current through the whole lake even to the shore; and the Jordan through it is discernible by the smoothness of the surface in that part. Its appearance from the north- western extremity is said by Mr. Buckingham to be exceedingly grand; but the barren aspect of the mountains on each side, and the total absence of wood, give a cast of dullness to the picture.

Joshua 11:2 And to the kings that were on the north of the mountains, and of the plains south of Chinneroth, and in the valley...

Deuteronomy 3:17 The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast thereof, from Chinnereth even to the sea of the plain, even the salt sea...

John 6:1,3 After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias...

John 19:25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.

Deuteronomy 3:17 The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast thereof, from Chinnereth even to the sea of the plain, even the salt sea...

Beth-jeshimoth

Joshua 13:20 And Bethpeor, and Ashdothpisgah, and Bethjeshimoth,

the south. or, Teman
Ashdoth-pisgah. or, the springs of Pisgah. or, the hill

Numbers 21:20 And from Bamoth in the valley, that is in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looks toward Jeshimon.

Deuteronomy 3:17 The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast thereof, from Chinnereth even to the sea of the plain, even the salt sea...

Deuteronomy 4:49 And all the plain on this side Jordan eastward, even to the sea of the plain, under the springs of Pisgah.

Library
Gilgal, in Deuteronomy 11:30 what the Place Was.
That which is said by Moses, that "Gerizim and Ebal were over-against Gilgal," Deuteronomy 11:30, is so obscure, that it is rendered into contrary significations by interpreters. Some take it in that sense, as if it were near to Gilgal: some far off from Gilgal: the Targumists read, "before Gilgal": while, as I think, they do not touch the difficulty; which lies not so much in the signification of the word Mul, as in the ambiguity of the word Gilgal. These do all seem to understand that Gilgal which
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Luke 5:1
One day as Jesus was standing by the Lake of Gennesaret, the people were crowding around him and listening to the word of God.

Deuteronomy 3:17
Its western border was the Jordan in the Arabah, from Kinnereth to the Sea of the Arabah (that is, the Dead Sea), below the slopes of Pisgah.

Joshua 11:2
and to the northern kings who were in the mountains, in the Arabah south of Kinnereth, in the western foothills and in Naphoth Dor on the west;

Joshua 13:20
Beth Peor, the slopes of Pisgah, and Beth Jeshimoth--

1 Kings 15:20
Ben-Hadad agreed with King Asa and sent the commanders of his forces against the towns of Israel. He conquered Ijon, Dan, Abel Beth Maakah and all Kinnereth in addition to Naphtali.

Ezekiel 25:9
therefore I will expose the flank of Moab, beginning at its frontier towns--Beth Jeshimoth, Baal Meon and Kiriathaim--the glory of that land.

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Arabah Ashdothpisgah Ashdoth-Pisgah Beth Bethjeshimoth Beth-Jeshimoth Chinneroth Chin'neroth Cinneroth Direction East Eastern Eastward Jeshimoth Kinnereth Pisgah Plain Ruled Salt Sea Slopes South Southward Springs Way
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Arabah Ashdothpisgah Ashdoth-Pisgah Beth Bethjeshimoth Beth-Jeshimoth Chinneroth Chin'neroth Cinneroth Direction East Eastern Eastward Jeshimoth Kinnereth Pisgah Plain Ruled Salt Sea Slopes South Southward Springs Way
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