James 4:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Come near to God and he will come near to you. Wash your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

King James Bible
Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded.

Darby Bible Translation
Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse [your] hands, sinners, and purify [your] hearts, ye double-minded.

World English Bible
Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

Young's Literal Translation
draw nigh to God, and He will draw nigh to you; cleanse hands, ye sinners! and purify hearts, ye two-souled!

James 4:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Draw nigh to God - Approach Him, in the name of Jesus, by faith and prayer, and he will draw nigh to you - he will meet you at your coming. When a soul sets out to seek God, God sets out to meet that soul; so that while we are drawing near to him, he is drawing near to us. The delicacy and beauty of these expressions are, I think, but seldom noted.

Cleanse your hands, ye sinners - This I think to be the beginning of a new address, and to different persons; and should have formed the commencement of a new verse. Let your whole conduct be changed; cease to do evil learn to do well. Washing or cleansing the hands was a token of innocence and purity.

Purify your hearts - Separate yourselves from the world, and consecrate yourselves to God: this is the true notion of sanctification. We have often seen that to sanctify signifies to separate a thing or person from profane or common use, and consecrate it or him to God. This is the true notion of קדש kadash, in Hebrew, and ἁγιαζω in Greek. The person or thing thus consecrated or separated is considered to be holy, and to be God's property; and then God hallows it to himself. There are, therefore, two things implied in a man's sanctification:

1. That he separates himself from evil ways and evil companions, and devotes himself to God.

2. That God separates guilt from his conscience, and sin from his soul, and thus makes him internally and externally holy.

This double sanctification is well expressed in Sohar, Levit. fol. 33, Colossians 132, on the words, be ye holy, for I the Lord am holy: אותו מלמעלה ארס מקדש עצמו מלמטה מקישין, a man sanctifies himself on the earth, and then he is sanctified from heaven. As a man is a sinner, he must have his hands cleansed from wicked works; as he is double-minded, he must have his heart sanctified. Sanctification belongs to the heart, because of pollution of mind; cleansing belongs to the hands, because of sinful acts. See the note on James 1:8, for the signification of double-minded.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Draw nigh to God.

Genesis 18:23 And Abraham drew near, and said, Will you also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

1 Chronicles 28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind...

2 Chronicles 15:2 And he went out to meet Asa, and said to him, Hear you me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The LORD is with you...

Psalm 73:28 But it is good for me to draw near to God: I have put my trust in the Lord GOD, that I may declare all your works.

Psalm 145:18 The LORD is near to all them that call on him, to all that call on him in truth.

Isaiah 29:13 Why the Lord said, For as much as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honor me...

Isaiah 55:6,7 Seek you the LORD while he may be found, call you on him while he is near...

Hosea 6:1,2 Come, and let us return to the LORD: for he has torn, and he will heal us; he has smitten, and he will bind us up...

Zechariah 1:3 Therefore say you to them, Thus said the LORD of hosts; Turn you to me, said the LORD of hosts, and I will turn to you...

Malachi 3:7 Even from the days of your fathers you are gone away from my ordinances, and have not kept them. Return to me, and I will return to you...

Hebrews 7:19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw near to God.

Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience...

Cleanse.

Job 9:30 If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean;

Job 16:17 Not for any injustice in my hands: also my prayer is pure.

Job 17:9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that has clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.

Psalm 18:20 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands has he recompensed me.

Psalm 24:4 He that has clean hands, and a pure heart; who has not lifted up his soul to vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.

Psalm 26:6 I will wash my hands in innocence: so will I compass your altar, O LORD:

Psalm 73:13 Truly I have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed my hands in innocence.

Isaiah 1:15,16 And when you spread forth your hands, I will hide my eyes from you: yes, when you make many prayers, I will not hear...

Isaiah 13:15 Every one that is found shall be thrust through; and every one that is joined to them shall fall by the sword.

Matthew 15:2 Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.

Matthew 27:24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water...

1 Timothy 2:8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even baptism does also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh...

purity.

Psalm 51:6,7,10 Behold, you desire truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part you shall make me to know wisdom...

Jeremiah 4:11 At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem...

Ezekiel 18:31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby you have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit...

Ezekiel 36:25-27 Then will I sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you...

Matthew 12:33 Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt...

Matthew 23:25,26 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter...

Luke 11:39,40 And the Lord said to him, Now do you Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter...

Acts 15:9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.

2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit...

1 Peter 1:22 Seeing you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit to unfeigned love of the brothers...

1 John 3:3 And every man that has this hope in him purifies himself, even as he is pure.

ye double. See on ch.

James 1:8 A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.

Library
December 29 Evening
Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you.--JAMES 4:8. Enoch walked with God.--Can two walk together, except they be agreed?--It is good for me to draw near to God. The Lord is with you, while ye be with him: and if ye seek him, he will be found of you: but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you. When they in their trouble did turn unto the Lord God of Israel, and sought him, he was found of them. For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the Lord, thoughts of peace, and not of
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

April 4. "Resist the Devil and He Will Flee" (James iv. 7).
"Resist the devil and he will flee" (James iv. 7). Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. This is a promise, and God will keep it to us. If we resist the adversary, He will compel him to flee, and will give us the victory. We can, at all times, fearlessly stand up in defiance, in resistance to the enemy, and claim the protection of our heavenly King just as a citizen would claim the protection of the government against an outrage or injustice on the part of violent men. At the same time we
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Next Let not Man, Now that He Knoweth that by the Grace of God...
44. Next let not man, now that he knoweth that by the grace of God he is what he is, fall into another snare of pride, so as by lifting up himself for the very grace of God to despise the rest. By which fault that other Pharisee both gave thanks unto God for the goods which he had, and yet vaunted himself above the Publican confessing his sins. What therefore should a virgin do, what should she think, that she vaunt not herself above those, men or women, who have not this so great gift? For she ought
St. Augustine—Of Holy Virginity.

Whether Strife is a Daughter of Anger?
Objection 1: It would seem that strife is not a daughter of anger. For it is written (James 4:1): "Whence are wars and contentions? Are they not . . . from your concupiscences, which war in your members?" But anger is not in the concupiscible faculty. Therefore strife is a daughter, not of anger, but of concupiscence. Objection 2: Further, it is written (Prov. 28:25): "He that boasteth and puffeth up himself, stirreth up quarrels." Now strife is apparently the same as quarrel. Therefore it seems
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
1 Samuel 14:35
Then Saul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first time he had done this.

2 Chronicles 15:2
He went out to meet Asa and said to him, "Listen to me, Asa and all Judah and Benjamin. The LORD is with you when you are with him. If you seek him, he will be found by you, but if you forsake him, he will forsake you.

Job 17:9
Nevertheless, the righteous will hold to their ways, and those with clean hands will grow stronger.

Psalm 73:28
But as for me, it is good to be near God. I have made the Sovereign LORD my refuge; I will tell of all your deeds.

Psalm 119:113
I hate double-minded people, but I love your law.

Isaiah 1:16
Wash and make yourselves clean. Take your evil deeds out of my sight; stop doing wrong.

Isaiah 58:2
For day after day they seek me out; they seem eager to know my ways, as if they were a nation that does what is right and has not forsaken the commands of its God. They ask me for just decisions and seem eager for God to come near them.

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