Isaiah 23:11
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The LORD has stretched out his hand over the sea and made its kingdoms tremble. He has given an order concerning Phoenicia that her fortresses be destroyed.

King James Bible
He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy the strong holds thereof.

Darby Bible Translation
He hath stretched out his hand over the sea, he shaketh the kingdoms. Jehovah hath given a commandment concerning Canaan, to destroy the strongholds thereof,

World English Bible
He has stretched out his hand over the sea. He has shaken the kingdoms. Yahweh has ordered the destruction of Canaan's strongholds.

Young's Literal Translation
His hand He hath stretched out over the sea, He hath caused kingdoms to tremble, Jehovah hath charged concerning the merchant one, To destroy her strong places.

Isaiah 23:11 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

O daughter of Tarshish - Tyre is called the daughter of Tarshish; perhaps because, Tyre being ruined, Tarshish was become the superior city, and might be considered as the metropolis of the Tyrian people; or rather because of the close connection and perpetual intercourse between them, according to that latitude of signification in which the Hebrews use the words son and daughter to express any sort of conjunction and dependence whatever. מזח mezach, a girdle, which collects, binds, and keeps together the loose raiment, when applied to a river, may mean a mound, mole, or artificial dam, which contains the waters and prevents them from spreading abroad. A city taken by siege and destroyed, whose walls are demolished, whose policy is dissolved, whose wealth is dissipated, whose people is scattered over the wide country, is compared to a river whose banks are broken down, and whose waters, let loose and overflowing all the neighboring plains, are wasted and lost. This may possibly be the meaning of this very obscure verse, of which I can find no other interpretation that is at all satisfactory. - L.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

stretched

Isaiah 2:19 And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty...

Isaiah 14:16,17 They that see you shall narrowly look on you, and consider you, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble...

Exodus 15:8-10 And with the blast of your nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap...

Psalm 46:6 The heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his voice, the earth melted.

Ezekiel 26:10,15-19 By reason of the abundance of his horses their dust shall cover you: your walls shall shake at the noise of the horsemen...

Ezekiel 27:34,35 In the time when you shall be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters your merchandise and all your company...

Ezekiel 31:16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the pit...

Haggai 2:7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, said the LORD of hosts.

the Lord

Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil...

Psalm 71:3 Be you my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: you have given commandment to save me...

Jeremiah 47:7 How can it be quiet, seeing the LORD has given it a charge against Ashkelon, and against the sea shore? there has he appointed it.

Nahum 1:14 And the LORD has given a commandment concerning you, that no more of your name be sown...

against the merchant city. or, concerning a merchantman

Isaiah 23:3 And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

Hosea 12:7,8 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loves to oppress...

the merchant city. Heb. Canaan

Genesis 9:25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers.

Genesis 10:15-19 And Canaan begat Sidon his first born, and Heth...

Zechariah 14:21 Yes, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness to the LORD of hosts...

Mark 11:17 And he taught, saying to them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer?...

John 2:16 And said to them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise.

strong holds. or, strengths

Zechariah 9:3,4 And Tyrus did build herself a strong hold, and heaped up silver as the dust, and fine gold as the mire of the streets...

Library
The Agony, and the Consoler
Is this your joyous city, whose antiquity is of ancient days? Isaiah xxiii. 7. It is difficult to describe the agony of terror which fell on the wretched inhabitants of the gayest city of the East when they awoke to a sense of the folly into which they had been driven. These soft Syrians had no real leaders and no settled purpose of rebellion. They had simply yielded to a childish impulse of vexation. They had rebelled against an increase of taxation which might be burdensome, but was by no means
Frederic William Farrar—Gathering Clouds: A Tale of the Days of St. Chrysostom

On the Interpretation of Scripture
IT is a strange, though familiar fact, that great differences of opinion exist respecting the Interpretation of Scripture. All Christians receive the Old and New Testament as sacred writings, but they are not agreed about the meaning which they attribute to them. The book itself remains as at the first; the commentators seem rather to reflect the changing atmosphere of the world or of the Church. Different individuals or bodies of Christians have a different point of view, to which their interpretation
Frederick Temple—Essays and Reviews: The Education of the World

Cross References
Exodus 14:21
Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and all that night the LORD drove the sea back with a strong east wind and turned it into dry land. The waters were divided,

Isaiah 5:25
Therefore the LORD's anger burns against his people; his hand is raised and he strikes them down. The mountains shake, and the dead bodies are like refuse in the streets. Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away, his hand is still upraised.

Isaiah 13:13
Therefore I will make the heavens tremble; and the earth will shake from its place at the wrath of the LORD Almighty, in the day of his burning anger.

Isaiah 14:26
This is the plan determined for the whole world; this is the hand stretched out over all nations.

Isaiah 19:5
The waters of the river will dry up, and the riverbed will be parched and dry.

Isaiah 23:10
Till your land as they do along the Nile, Daughter Tarshish, for you no longer have a harbor.

Isaiah 25:2
You have made the city a heap of rubble, the fortified town a ruin, the foreigners' stronghold a city no more; it will never be rebuilt.

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Canaan Caused City Command Commandment Destroy Destruction Fortresses Hand Holds Kingdoms Merchant Order Ordered Orders Phoenicia Places Sea Shaken Shaketh Shaking Shook Stretched Strong Strongholds Thereof Tremble Waste
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Canaan Caused City Command Commandment Destroy Destruction Fortresses Hand Holds Kingdoms Merchant Order Ordered Orders Phoenicia Places Sea Shaken Shaketh Shaking Shook Stretched Strong Strongholds Thereof Tremble Waste
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