Hebrews 9:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!

King James Bible
How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Darby Bible Translation
how much rather shall the blood of the Christ, who by the eternal Spirit offered himself spotless to God, purify your conscience from dead works to worship [the] living God?

World English Bible
how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Young's Literal Translation
how much more shall the blood of the Christ (who through the age-during Spirit did offer himself unblemished to God) purify your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Hebrews 9:14 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Who through the eternal Spirit - This expression is understood two ways:

1. Of the Holy Ghost himself. As Christ's miraculous conception was by the Holy Spirit, and he wrought all his miracles by the Spirit of God, so his death or final offering was made through or by the eternal Spirit; and by that Spirit he was raised from the dead, 1 Peter 3:18. Indeed, through the whole of his life be was justified by the Spirit; and we find that in this great work of human redemption, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit were continually employed: therefore the words may be understood of the Holy Spirit properly.

2. Of the eternal Logos or Deity which dwelt in the man Christ Jesus, through the energy of which the offering of his humanity became an infinitely meritorious victim; therefore the Deity of Christ is here intended.

But we cannot well consider one of these distinct from the other; and hence probably arose the various readings in the MSS. and versions on this article. Instead of δια Πνευματος αιωνιου, by the Eternal Spirit, δια Πνευματος Ἁγιου, by the Holy Spirit, is the reading of D*, and more than twenty others of good note, besides the Coptic, Slavonic, Vulgate, two copies of the Itala, Cyril, Athanasius sometimes, Damascenus, Chrysostom, and some others. But the common reading is supported by ABD**, and others, besides the Syriac, all the Arabic, Armenian, Ethiopic, Athanasius generally, Theodoret, Theophylact, and Ambrosius. This, therefore, is the reading that should he preferred, as it is probable that the Holy Ghost, not the Logos, is what the apostle had more immediately in view. But still we must say, that the Holy Spirit, with the eternal Logos, and the almighty Father, equally concurred in offering up the sacrifice of the human nature of Christ, in order to make atonement for the sin of the world.

Purge your conscience - Καθαριει την συνειδησιν· Purify your conscience. The term purify should be everywhere, both in the translation of the Scriptures, and in preaching the Gospel, preferred to the word purge, which, at present, is scarcely ever used in the sense in which our translators have employed it.

Dead works - Sin in general, or acts to which the penalty of death is annexed by the law. See the phrase explained, Hebrews 6:1 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

How.

Deuteronomy 31:27 For I know your rebellion, and your stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day...

2 Samuel 4:11 How much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own house on his bed?...

Job 15:16 How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinks iniquity like water?

Matthew 7:11 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children...

Luke 12:24,28 Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and God feeds them...

Romans 11:12,24 Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles...

the blood. See on ver.

Hebrews 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place...

1 Peter 1:19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another...

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth...

who.

Isaiah 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; my elect, in whom my soul delights; I have put my spirit on him...

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Matthew 12:28 But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come to you.

Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted...

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not the Spirit by measure to him.

Acts 1:2 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments to the apostles whom he had chosen:

Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good...

Romans 1:4 And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh...

eternal.

Deuteronomy 33:27 The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before you...

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place...

Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble...

Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made...

1 Timothy 1:17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

offered.

Hebrews 9:7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself...

Hebrews 7:27 Who needs not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's...

Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Ephesians 2:5 Even when we were dead in sins, has quickened us together with Christ, (by grace you are saved;)

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us...

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live to righteousness...

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh...

without.

Leviticus 22:20 But whatever has a blemish, that shall you not offer: for it shall not be acceptable for you.

Numbers 19:2-21 This is the ordinance of the law which the LORD has commanded, saying, Speak to the children of Israel...

Numbers 28:3,9,11 And you shall say to them, This is the offering made by fire which you shall offer to the LORD...

Deuteronomy 15:21 And if there be any blemish therein, as if it be lame, or blind, or have any ill blemish...

Deuteronomy 17:1 You shall not sacrifice to the LORD your God any bullock, or sheep, wherein is blemish, or any bad reputation...

Isaiah 53:9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence...

Daniel 9:24-26 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins...

2 Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

1 Peter 1:19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

1 Peter 2:22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:

1 John 3:5 And you know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin.

spot. or, fault. purge.

Hebrews 9:9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices...

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power...

Hebrews 10:2,22 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins...

dead works. See on ch.

Hebrews 6:1 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on to perfection...

to serve.

Luke 1:74 That he would grant to us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear,

Romans 6:13,22 Neither yield you your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin: but yield yourselves to God...

Galatians 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live to God.

1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves show of us what manner of entering in we had to you...

1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.

the living.

Hebrews 11:21 By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, leaning on the top of his staff.

Deuteronomy 5:26 For who is there of all flesh, that has heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the middle of the fire, as we have...

1 Samuel 17:26 And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that kills this Philistine...

2 Kings 19:16 LORD, bow down your ear, and hear: open, LORD, your eyes, and see...

Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble...

Daniel 6:26 I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he is the living God...

Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do you these things? We also are men of like passions with you...

2 Corinthians 6:16 And what agreement has the temple of God with idols? for you are the temple of the living God; as God has said, I will dwell in them...

1 Timothy 3:15 But if I tarry long, that you may know how you ought to behave yourself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God...

Library
Good Friday
HEBREWS ix. 13, 14. For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? The three collects for Good Friday are very grand and very remarkable. In the first we pray:- 'Almighty God, we beseech thee graciously to behold this thy family, for which our
Charles Kingsley—Discipline and Other Sermons

The Essay which Brings up the Rear in this Very Guilty Volume is from The...
The Essay which brings up the rear in this very guilty volume is from the pen of the "Rev. Benjamin Jowett, M.A., [Fellow and Tutor of Balliol College, and] Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Oxford,"--"a gentleman whose high personal character and general respectability seem to give a weight to his words, which assuredly they do not carry of themselves [143] ." His performance is entitled "On the Interpretation of Scripture:" being, in reality, nothing else but a laborious denial of
John William Burgon—Inspiration and Interpretation

The Holy Spirit in the Passion of Christ.
"Who through the Eternal Spirit offered Himself."--Heb. ix. 14. Thirdly--Let us now trace the work of the Holy Spirit in the suffering, death, resurrection, and exaltation of Christ (see "First" and "Second," pp. 93 and 97). In the Epistle to the Hebrews the apostle asks: "If the blood of goats and calves and the ashes of the heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purification of the flesh, how much more shall the blood of Christ purge your conscience from dead works?" adding the words:
Abraham Kuyper—The Work of the Holy Spirit

Christ's Priestly Office
Q-35: HOW DOES CHRIST EXECUTE THE OFFICE OF A PRIEST? A: In his once offering up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us to God, and in making continual intercession for us. 'Now once in the end of the world has he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.' Heb 9:96. What are the parts of Christ's priestly office? Christ's priestly office has two parts - his satisfaction and intercession. I. His Satisfaction; and this consists of two branches. [1] His active
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Exodus 12:5
The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.

Leviticus 22:20
Do not bring anything with a defect, because it will not be accepted on your behalf.

Psalm 51:2
Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin.

Ezekiel 45:18
"'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: In the first month on the first day you are to take a young bull without defect and purify the sanctuary.

Matthew 16:16
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God."

Acts 15:9
He did not discriminate between us and them, for he purified their hearts by faith.

1 Corinthians 15:45
So it is written: "The first man Adam became a living being"; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.

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