Genesis 49:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine near a spring, whose branches climb over a wall.

King James Bible
Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall:

Darby Bible Translation
Joseph is a fruitful bough; A fruitful bough by a well; [His] branches shoot over the wall.

World English Bible
"Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine by a spring. His branches run over the wall.

Young's Literal Translation
Joseph is a fruitful son; A fruitful son by a fountain, Daughters step over the wall;

Genesis 49:22 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The sum of a fruitful vine - This appears to me to refer to Jacob himself, who was blessed with such a numerous posterity that in two hundred and fifteen years after this his own descendants amounted to upwards of 600,000 effective men; and the figures here are intended to point out the continual growth and increase of his posterity. Jacob was a fruitful tree planted by a fountain, which because it was good would yield good fruit; and because it was planted near a fountain, from being continually watered, would be perpetually fruitful. The same is used and applied to Jacob, Deuteronomy 33:28 : The Fountain Of Jacob shall be upon a land of corn, and wine, etc.

The daughters, בנות banoth, put here for branches, shoot over or run upon the wall - Alluding probably to the case of the vine, which requires to be supported by a wall, trees, etc. Some commentators have understood this literally, and have applied it to the Egyptian women, who were so struck with the beauty of Joseph as to get upon walls, the tops of houses, etc., to see him as he passed by. This is agreeable to the view taken of the subject by the Koran. See Clarke on Genesis 39:6 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a fruitful.

Genesis 30:22-24 And God remembered Rachel, and God listened to her, and opened her womb...

Genesis 41:52 And the name of the second called he Ephraim: For God has caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.

Genesis 46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt...

Genesis 48:1,5,16,19,20 And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, Behold, your father is sick: and he took with him his two sons...

Numbers 32:1-42 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Jazer...

Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns...

Joshua 16:1-10 And the lot of the children of Joseph fell from Jordan by Jericho, to the water of Jericho on the east...

Joshua 17:14-17 And the children of Joseph spoke to Joshua, saying, Why have you given me but one lot and one portion to inherit...

Psalm 1:1-3 Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stands in the way of sinners...

Psalm 128:1,3 Blessed is every one that fears the LORD; that walks in his ways...

Ezekiel 19:11 And she had strong rods for the scepters of them that bore rule, and her stature was exalted among the thick branches...

branches. Heb. daughters.

Library
The Shepherd, the Stone of Israel
'... The mighty God of Jacob. From thence is the Shepherd, the stone of Israel.'--GENESIS xlix. 24. A slight alteration in the rendering will probably bring out the meaning of these words more correctly. The last two clauses should perhaps not be read as a separate sentence. Striking out the supplement 'is,' and letting the previous sentence run on to the end of the verse, we get a series of names of God, in apposition with each other, as the sources of the strength promised to the arms of the hands
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Messianic Prophecies in the Pentateuch.
In the Messianic prophecies contained in Genesis we cannot fail to perceive a remarkable progress in clearness and definiteness. The first Messianic prediction, which was uttered immediately after the fall of Adam, is also the most indefinite. Opposed to the awful threatening there stands the consolatory promise, that the dominion of sin, and of the evil arising from sin, shall not last for ever, but that the seed of the woman shall, at some future time, overthrow their dreaded conqueror. With the
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

General Notes by the American Editor
1. The whole subject of the Apocalypse is so treated, [2318] in the Speaker's Commentary, as to elucidate many questions suggested by the primitive commentators of this series, and to furnish the latest judgments of critics on the subject. It is so immense a matter, however, as to render annotations on patristic specialties impossible in a work like this. Every reader must feel how apposite is the sententious saying of Augustine: "Apocalypsis Joannis tot sacramenta quot verba." 2. The seven spirits,
Victorinus—Commentary on the Apocolypse of the Blessed John

The Holy Spirit and the Incarnation of the Word. ...
The Holy Spirit and the Incarnation of the Word. We are so familiar with the part assigned in our Creeds to the Holy Spirit in connection with our Lord's birth, that the passage now to be quoted from Justin may at first sight seem very surprising. It may be well to approach it by citing some words from the learned and orthodox Waterland, who in 1734, in his book on The Trinity (c. vi: Works, III, 571: Oxford, 1843), wrote as follows in reference to a passage of St Irenæus: "I may remark by
Irenæus—The Demonstration of the Apostolic Preaching

Cross References
Genesis 41:52
The second son he named Ephraim and said, "It is because God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering."

Genesis 49:23
With bitterness archers attacked him; they shot at him with hostility.

Deuteronomy 33:13
About Joseph he said: "May the LORD bless his land with the precious dew from heaven above and with the deep waters that lie below;

Psalm 80:10
The mountains were covered with its shade, the mighty cedars with its branches.

Hosea 13:15
even though he thrives among his brothers. An east wind from the LORD will come, blowing in from the desert; his spring will fail and his well dry up. His storehouse will be plundered of all its treasures.

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