Genesis 44:34
Parallel Verses
New International Version
How can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? No! Do not let me see the misery that would come on my father."

King James Bible
For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.

Darby Bible Translation
for how should I go up to my father if the lad were not with me? -- lest I see the evil that would come on my father.

World English Bible
For how will I go up to my father, if the boy isn't with me?--lest I see the evil that will come on my father."

Young's Literal Translation
for how do I go up unto my father, and the youth not with me? lest I look on the evil which doth find my father.'

Genesis 44:34 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thou art even as Pharaoh - As wise, as powerful, and as much to be dreaded as he. In the Asiatic countries, the reigning monarch is always considered to be the pattern of all perfection; and the highest honor that can be conferred on any person, is to resemble him to the monarch; as the monarch himself is likened, in the same complimentary way, to an angel of God. See 2 Samuel 14:17, 2 Samuel 14:18. Judah is the chief speaker here, because it was in consequence of his becoming surety for Benjamin that Jacob permitted him to accompany them to Egypt. See Genesis 43:9.

"Every man who reads," says Dr. Dodd, "to the close of this chapter, must confess that Judah acts here the part both of the affectionate brother and of the dutiful son, who, rather than behold his father's misery in ease of Benjamin's being left behind, submits to become a bondman in his stead: and indeed there is such an air of candor and generosity running through the whole strain of this speech, the sentiments are so tender and affecting, the expressions so passionate, and flow so much from artless nature, that it is no wonder if they came home to Joseph's heart, and forced him to throw off the mask." "When one sees," says Dr. Jackson, "such passages related by men who affect no art, and who lived long after the parties who first uttered them, we cannot conceive how all particulars could be so naturally and fully recorded, unless they had been suggested by His Spirit who gives mouths and speech unto men; who, being alike present to all successions, is able to communicate the secret thoughts or forefathers to their children, and put the very words of the deceased, never registered before, into the mouths or pens of their successors born many ages after; and that as exactly and distinctly as if they had been caught, in characters of steel or brass, as they issued out of their mouths. For it is plain that every circumstance is here related with such natural specifications, as if Moses had heard them talk; and therefore could not have been thus represented to us, unless they had been written by His direction who knows all things, fore-past, present, or to come."

To two such able and accurate testimonies I may be permitted to add my own. No paraphrase can heighten the effect of Judah's address to Joseph. To add would be to diminish its excellence; to attempt to explain would be to obscure its beauties; to clothe the ideas in other language than that of Judah, and his translators in our Bible, would ruin its energy, and destroy its influence. It is perhaps one of the most tender, affecting pieces of natural oratory ever spoken or penned; and we need not wonder to find that when Joseph heard it he could not refrain himself, but wept aloud. His soul must have been insensible beyond what is common to human nature, had he not immediately yielded to a speech so delicately tender, and so powerfully impressive. We cannot but deplore the unnatural and unscientific division of the narrative in our common Bibles, which obliges us to have recourse to another chapter in order to witness the effects which this speech produced on the heart of Joseph.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

lest.

1 Samuel 2:33,34 And the man of yours, whom I shall not cut off from my altar, shall be to consume your eyes, and to grieve your heart...

2 Chronicles 34:28 Behold, I will gather you to your fathers, and you shall be gathered to your grave in peace...

Esther 8:6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come to my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?

Jeremiah 52:10,11 And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah...

come on. Heb. find.

Exodus 18:8 And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake...

Job 31:29 If I rejoice at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:

Psalm 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell got hold on me: I found trouble and sorrow.

Psalm 119:143 Trouble and anguish have taken hold on me: yet your commandments are my delights.

Library
Select Masterpieces of Biblical Literature
The Modern Reader's Bible A Series of Works from the Sacred Scriptures Presented in Modern Literary Form SELECT MASTERPIECES OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE Edited, with an Introduction and Notes by RICHARD G. MOULTON, M.A. (CAMB.), Ph.D. (PENN.) Professor of Literature in English in the University of Chicago New York The MacMillan Company London: MacMillan & Co., Ltd. 1902 Copyright, 1897, By THe MacMillan Company. Set up and electrotyped September, 1897. Reprinted December, 1897; August, 1898; February,
Various—Select Masterpieces of Biblical Literature

Cross References
Genesis 44:33
"Now then, please let your servant remain here as my lord's slave in place of the boy, and let the boy return with his brothers.

Genesis 45:1
Then Joseph could no longer control himself before all his attendants, and he cried out, "Have everyone leave my presence!" So there was no one with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers.

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