New International Version
In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the LORD.
King James Bible
And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD.
Darby Bible Translation
And in process of time it came to pass that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering to Jehovah.
World English Bible
As time passed, it happened that Cain brought an offering to Yahweh from the fruit of the ground.
Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass at the end of days that Cain bringeth from the fruit of the ground a present to Jehovah;
Genesis 4:3 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
In process of time - מקץ ימים mikkets yamim, at the end of days. Some think the anniversary of the creation to be here intended; it is more probable that it means the Sabbath, on which Adam and his family undoubtedly offered oblations to God, as the Divine worship was certainly instituted, and no doubt the Sabbath properly observed in that family. This worship was, in its original institution, very simple. It appears to have consisted of two parts:
1. Thanksgiving to God as the author and dispenser of all the bounties of nature, and oblations indicative of that gratitude.
2. Piacular sacrifices to his justice and holiness, implying a conviction of their own sinfulness, confession of transgression, and faith in the promised Deliverer. If we collate the passage here with the apostle's allusion to it, Hebrews 11:4, we shall see cause to form this conclusion.
Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering - מנחה minchah, unto the Lord. The word minchah is explained, Leviticus 2:1, etc., to be an offering of fine flour, with oil and frankincense. It was in general a eucharistic or gratitude offering, and is simply what is implied in the fruits of the ground brought by Cain to the Lord, by which he testified his belief in him as the Lord of the universe, and the dispenser of secular blessings.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
3875. in process of time. Heb. at the end of days. Either at the end of the year, or of the week, i.e., on the Sabbath.
LibraryWhat Crouches at the Door
'If thou doest not well, sin croucheth at the door: and unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.'--GENESIS iv. 7 (R. V.). These early narratives clothe great moral and spiritual truths in picturesque forms, through which it is difficult for us to pierce. In the world's childhood God spoke to men as to children, because there were no words then framed which would express what we call abstract conceptions. They had to be shown by pictures. But these early men, simple and childlike …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Cain and Abel. Gen 4:3-8
Extracts No. vii.
The Faith of Abraham.
Woe to them! They have taken the way of Cain; they have rushed for profit into Balaam's error; they have been destroyed in Korah's rebellion.
Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil.
And Abel also brought an offering--fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering,
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