New International Version
When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth."
King James Bible
When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.
Darby Bible Translation
When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield thee its strength; a wanderer and fugitive shalt thou be on the earth.
World English Bible
From now on, when you till the ground, it won't yield its strength to you. You shall be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth."
Young's Literal Translation
when thou tillest the ground, it doth not add to give its strength to thee -- a wanderer, even a trembling one, thou art in the earth.'
Genesis 4:12 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
A fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be - Thou shalt be expelled from the presence of God, and from thy family connections, and shalt have no fixed secure residence in any place. The Septuagint render this στενων και τρεμων εση, thou shalt be groaning and trembling upon the earth - the horror of thy crime shall ever haunt thee, and thou shalt never have any well-grounded hope that God will remit the punishment thou deservest. No state out of endless perdition can be considered more awful than this.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryWhat Crouches at the Door
'If thou doest not well, sin croucheth at the door: and unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.'--GENESIS iv. 7 (R. V.). These early narratives clothe great moral and spiritual truths in picturesque forms, through which it is difficult for us to pierce. In the world's childhood God spoke to men as to children, because there were no words then framed which would express what we call abstract conceptions. They had to be shown by pictures. But these early men, simple and childlike …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Cain and Abel. Gen 4:3-8
Extracts No. vii.
The Faith of Abraham.
Cain said to the LORD, "My punishment is more than I can bear.
I will set my face against you so that you will be defeated by your enemies; those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee even when no one is pursuing you.
"'As for those of you who are left, I will make their hearts so fearful in the lands of their enemies that the sound of a windblown leaf will put them to flight. They will run as though fleeing from the sword, and they will fall, even though no one is pursuing them.
However, if you do not obey the LORD your God and do not carefully follow all his commands and decrees I am giving you today, all these curses will come on you and overtake you:
May his children be wandering beggars; may they be driven from their ruined homes.
The fields are ruined, the ground is dried up; the grain is destroyed, the new wine is dried up, the olive oil fails.
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