Genesis 29:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When the LORD saw that Leah was not loved, he enabled her to conceive, but Rachel remained childless.

King James Bible
And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.

Darby Bible Translation
And when Jehovah saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb; but Rachel was barren.

World English Bible
Yahweh saw that Leah was hated, and he opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah seeth that Leah is the hated one, and He openeth her womb, and Rachel is barren;

Genesis 29:31 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The Lord saw that Leah was hated - From this and the preceding verse we get the genuine meaning of the word שנא sane, to hate, in certain disputed places in the Scriptures. The word simply signifies a less degree of love; so it is said, Genesis 29:30 : "Jacob loved Rachel more than Leah," i.e., he loved Leah less than Rachel; and this is called hating in Genesis 29:31 : When the Lord saw that Leah was hated - that she had less affection shown to her than was her due, as one of the legitimate wives of Jacob, he opened her womb - he blessed her with children. Now the frequent intercourse of Jacob with Leah (see the following verses) sufficiently proves that he did not hate her in the sense in which this term is used among us; but he felt and showed less affection for her than for her sister. So Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated, simply means, I have shown a greater degree of affection for Jacob and his posterity than I have done for Esau and his descendants, by giving the former a better earthly portion than I have given to the latter, and by choosing the family of Jacob to be the progenitors of the Messiah. But not one word of all this relates to the eternal states of either of the two nations. Those who endeavor to support certain peculiarities of their creed by such scriptures as these, do greatly err, not knowing the Scripture, and not properly considering either the sovereignty or the mercy of God.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

saw.

Exodus 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt...

was hated.

Genesis 29:30 And he went in also to Rachel, and he loved also Rachel more than Leah, and served with him yet seven other years.

Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart...

Deuteronomy 21:15 If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated...

Malachi 1:3 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.

Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one...

Matthew 10:37 He that loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.

Luke 14:26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brothers, and sisters...

John 12:25 He that loves his life shall lose it; and he that hates his life in this world shall keep it to life eternal.

he opened.

Genesis 16:1 Now Sarai Abram's wife bore him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.

Genesis 20:18 For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.

Genesis 21:1,2 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah as he had spoken...

Genesis 25:21 And Isaac entreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren: and the LORD was entreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.

Genesis 30:1,2,22 And when Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and said to Jacob, Give me children, or else I die...

Judges 13:2,3 And there was a certain man of Zorah, of the family of the Danites, whose name was Manoah; and his wife was barren, and bore not...

1 Samuel 1:5,20,27 But to Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb...

1 Samuel 2:21 And the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and bore three sons and two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the LORD.

Psalm 127:3 See, children are an heritage of the LORD: and the fruit of the womb is his reward.

Luke 1:7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years.

Library
The Blessing of Jacob Upon Judah. (Gen. Xlix. 8-10. )
Ver. 8. "Judah, thou, thy brethren shall praise thee; thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; before thee shall bow down the sons of thy father. Ver. 9. A lion's whelp is Judah; from the prey, my son, thou goest up; he stoopeth down, he coucheth as a lion, and as a full-grown lion, who shall rouse him up? Ver. 10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come, and unto Him the people shall adhere." Thus does dying Jacob, in announcing
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Epistle v. To Theoctista, Sister of the Emperor.
To Theoctista, Sister of the Emperor. Gregory to Theoctista, &c. With how great devotion my mind prostrates itself before your Venerableness I cannot fully express in words; nor yet do I labour to give utterance to it, since, even though I were silent, you read in your heart your own sense of my devotion. I wonder, however, that you withdrew your countenance, till of late bestowed on me, from this my recent engagement in the pastoral office; wherein, under colour of episcopacy, I have been brought
Saint Gregory the Great—the Epistles of Saint Gregory the Great

Cross References
Acts 7:8
Then he gave Abraham the covenant of circumcision. And Abraham became the father of Isaac and circumcised him eight days after his birth. Later Isaac became the father of Jacob, and Jacob became the father of the twelve patriarchs.

Genesis 29:30
Jacob made love to Rachel also, and his love for Rachel was greater than his love for Leah. And he worked for Laban another seven years.

Genesis 29:32
Leah became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She named him Reuben, for she said, "It is because the LORD has seen my misery. Surely my husband will love me now."

Genesis 30:1
When Rachel saw that she was not bearing Jacob any children, she became jealous of her sister. So she said to Jacob, "Give me children, or I'll die!"

Genesis 30:2
Jacob became angry with her and said, "Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children?"

Genesis 30:22
Then God remembered Rachel; he listened to her and enabled her to conceive.

Genesis 35:23
The sons of Leah: Reuben the firstborn of Jacob, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun.

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