Ephesians 2:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
remember that at that time you were separate from Christ, excluded from citizenship in Israel and foreigners to the covenants of the promise, without hope and without God in the world.

King James Bible
That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

Darby Bible Translation
that ye were at that time without Christ, aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

World English Bible
that you were at that time separate from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of the promise, having no hope and without God in the world.

Young's Literal Translation
that ye were at that time apart from Christ, having been alienated from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of the promise, having no hope, and without God, in the world;

Ephesians 2:12 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

That at that time ye were without Christ - Not only were not Christians, but had no knowledge of the Christ or Messiah, and no title to the blessings which were to proceed from him.

Aliens from the commonwealth of Israel - Ye were by your birth, idolatry, etc., alienated from the commonwealth of Israel - from the civil and religious privileges of the Jewish people.

Strangers from the covenants of promise - Having no part in the promise of the covenant made with Abraham, whether considered as relating to his natural or spiritual seed; and no part in that of the covenant made at Horeb with the Israelites, when a holy law was given them, and God condescended to dwell among them, and to lead them to the promised land.

Having no hope - Either of the pardon of sin or of the resurrection of the body, nor indeed of the immortality of the soul. Of all these things the Gentiles had no rational or well-grounded hope.

Without God in the world - They had gods many, and lords many; but in no Gentile nation was the true God known: nor indeed had they any correct notion of the Divine nature. Their idols were by nature no gods - they could neither do evil nor good, and therefore they were properly without God, having no true object of worship, and no source of comfort. He who has neither God nor Christ is in a most deplorable state; he has neither a God to worship, nor a Christ to justify him. And this is the state of every man who is living without the grace and Spirit of Christ. All such, whatever they may profess, are no better than practical atheists.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

without.

John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold...

John 15:5 I am the vine, you are the branches: He that stays in me, and I in him, the same brings forth much fruit...

Colossians 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now has he reconciled

aliens.

Ephesians 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them...

Ezra 4:3 But Zerubbabel, and Jeshua, and the rest of the chief of the fathers of Israel, said to them...

Isaiah 61:5 And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers.

Ezekiel 13:9 And my hand shall be on the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies: they shall not be in the assembly of my people...

Hebrews 11:34 Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight...

the covenants.

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land...

Genesis 17:7-9 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed after you in their generations for an everlasting covenant...

Exodus 24:3-11 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice...

Numbers 18:19 All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer to the LORD, have I given you...

Psalm 89:3 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn to David my servant,

*etc:

Jeremiah 31:31-34 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah...

Jeremiah 33:20-26 Thus said the LORD; If you can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night...

Ezekiel 37:26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them...

Luke 1:72 To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant;

Acts 3:25 You are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham...

Romans 9:4,5,8 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God...

Galatians 3:16,17 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He said not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to your seed...

having.

Jeremiah 14:8 O the hope of Israel, the savior thereof in time of trouble, why should you be as a stranger in the land...

Jeremiah 17:13 O LORD, the hope of Israel, all that forsake you shall be ashamed, and they that depart from me shall be written in the earth...

John 4:22 You worship you know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.

Acts 28:20 For this cause therefore have I called for you, to see you, and to speak with you...

Colossians 1:5,27 For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof you heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel...

1 Thessalonians 4:13 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brothers, concerning them which are asleep, that you sorrow not...

2 Thessalonians 2:16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which has loved us...

1 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Savior, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope;

Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation...

1 Peter 1:3,21 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ...

1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts...

1 John 3:3 And every man that has this hope in him purifies himself, even as he is pure.

without.

2 Chronicles 15:3 Now for a long season Israel has been without the true God, and without a teaching priest, and without law.

Isaiah 44:6 Thus said the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last...

Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, you that are escaped of the nations...

Hosea 3:4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image...

Acts 14:15,16 And saying, Sirs, why do you these things? We also are men of like passions with you...

Romans 1:28-32 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

1 Corinthians 8:4-6 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world...

1 Corinthians 10:19,20 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing...

Galatians 4:8 However, then, when you knew not God, you did service to them which by nature are no gods.

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

Library
March 14. "We are his Workmanship" (Eph. Ii. 10).
"We are His workmanship" (Eph. ii. 10). Christ sends us to serve Him, not in our own strength, but in His resources and might. "We are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath prepared that we should walk in them." We do not have to prepare them; but to wear them as garments, made to order for every occasion of our life. We must receive them by faith and go forth in His work, believing that He is with us, and in us, as our all sufficiency for wisdom, faith, love, prayer,
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

God's Workmanship and Our Works
'We are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.'--Eph. ii. 10. The metal is molten as it runs out of the blast furnace, but it soon cools and hardens. Paul's teaching about salvation by grace and by faith came in a hot stream from his heart, but to this generation his words are apt to sound coldly, and hardly theological. But they only need to be reflected upon in connection with our own experience, to become vivid and
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture Ephesians, Peter,John

Life from the Dead
"And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins."--Ephesians 2:1. OUR TRANSLATORS, as you observe, have put in the words "hath he quickened", because Paul had thrown the sense a little farther on, and it was possible for the reader not to catch it. The have but anticipated the statement of the fourth and fifth verses: "God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ." Here is the point. God
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 38: 1892

The Tabernacle of the Most High
When men talk of holy places they seem to be ignorant of the use of language. Can holiness dwell in bricks and mortar? Can there be such a thing as a sanctified steeple? Can it possibly happen that there can be such a thing in the world as a moral window or a godly door post? I am lost in amazement, utterly lost, when I think how addled men's brains must be when they impute moral virtues to bricks and mortar, and stones, and stained glass. Pray how deep Doth this consecration go, and how high? Is
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 5: 1859

Cross References
Isaiah 14:1
The LORD will have compassion on Jacob; once again he will choose Israel and will settle them in their own land. Foreigners will join them and unite with the descendants of Jacob.

Ezekiel 47:22
You are to allot it as an inheritance for yourselves and for the foreigners residing among you and who have children. You are to consider them as native-born Israelites; along with you they are to be allotted an inheritance among the tribes of Israel.

Acts 2:39
The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off--for all whom the Lord our God will call."

Romans 9:4
the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises.

Galatians 3:17
What I mean is this: The law, introduced 430 years later, does not set aside the covenant previously established by God and thus do away with the promise.

Galatians 4:8
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods.

Ephesians 2:19
Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and strangers, but fellow citizens with God's people and also members of his household,

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