Ecclesiastes 4:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Again I looked and saw all the oppression that was taking place under the sun: I saw the tears of the oppressed-- and they have no comforter; power was on the side of their oppressors-- and they have no comforter.

King James Bible
So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter.

Darby Bible Translation
And I returned and saw all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors was power, and they had no comforter.

World English Bible
Then I returned and saw all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold, the tears of those who were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter.

Young's Literal Translation
And I have turned, and I see all the oppressions that are done under the sun, and lo, the tear of the oppressed, and they have no comforter; and at the hand of their oppressors is power, and they have no comforter.

Ecclesiastes 4:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Considered all the oppressions - עשקים ashukim signifies any kind of injury which a man can receive in his person, his property, or his good fame.

On the side of their oppressors there was power - And, therefore, neither protection nor comfort for the oppressed.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

i returned

Job 6:29 Return, I pray you, let it not be iniquity; yes, return again, my righteousness is in it.

Malachi 3:18 Then shall you return, and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serves God and him that serves him not.

and considered

Ecclesiastes 3:16 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness...

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

Ecclesiastes 7:7 Surely oppression makes a wise man mad; and a gift destroys the heart.

Exodus 1:13,14,16,22 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor...

Exodus 2:23,24 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage...

Exodus 5:16-19 There is no straw given to your servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, your servants are beaten...

Deuteronomy 28:33,48 The fruit of your land, and all your labors, shall a nation which you know not eat up...

Judges 4:3 And the children of Israel cried to the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron...

Judges 10:7,8 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines...

Nehemiah 5:1-5 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brothers the Jews...

Job 24:7-12 They cause the naked to lodge without clothing, that they have no covering in the cold...

Psalm 10:9,10 He lies in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lies in wait to catch the poor: he does catch the poor...

Proverbs 28:3,15,16 A poor man that oppresses the poor is like a sweeping rain which leaves no food...

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment...

Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict you; which have said to your soul, Bow down, that we may go over...

Isaiah 59:7,13-15 Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

the tears

Psalm 42:3,9 My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say to me, Where is your God...

Psalm 80:5 You feed them with the bread of tears; and give them tears to drink in great measure.

Psalm 102:8,9 My enemies reproach me all the day; and they that are mad against me are sworn against me...

Malachi 2:13 And this have you done again, covering the altar of the LORD with tears, with weeping, and with crying out...

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, cries...

they had

Job 16:4 I also could speak as you do: if your soul were in my soul's stead, I could heap up words against you, and shake my head at you.

Job 19:21,22 Have pity on me, have pity on me, O you my friends; for the hand of God has touched me...

Psalm 69:20 Reproach has broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters...

Psalm 142:4 I looked on my right hand, and beheld, but there was no man that would know me: refuge failed me; no man cared for my soul.

Proverbs 19:7 All the brothers of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him? he pursues them with words...

Lamentations 1:2,9 She weeps sore in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks: among all her lovers she has none to comfort her...

Matthew 25:26 His lord answered and said to him, You wicked and slothful servant, you knew that I reap where I sowed not...

2 Timothy 4:16,17 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge...

Library
The Order of Thought which Surrounded the Development of Jesus.
As the cooled earth no longer permits us to understand the phenomena of primitive creation, because the fire which penetrated it is extinct, so deliberate explanations have always appeared somewhat insufficient when applying our timid methods of induction to the revolutions of the creative epochs which have decided the fate of humanity. Jesus lived at one of those times when the game of public life is freely played, and when the stake of human activity is increased a hundredfold. Every great part,
Ernest Renan—The Life of Jesus

The Upbringing of Jewish Children
The tenderness of the bond which united Jewish parents to their children appears even in the multiplicity and pictorialness of the expressions by which the various stages of child-life are designated in the Hebrew. Besides such general words as "ben" and "bath"--"son" and "daughter"--we find no fewer than nine different terms, each depicting a fresh stage of life. The first of these simply designates the babe as the newly--"born"--the "jeled," or, in the feminine, "jaldah"--as in Exodus 2:3, 6, 8.
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

Cross References
Job 35:9
"People cry out under a load of oppression; they plead for relief from the arm of the powerful.

Psalm 12:5
"Because the poor are plundered and the needy groan, I will now arise," says the LORD. "I will protect them from those who malign them."

Ecclesiastes 3:16
And I saw something else under the sun: In the place of judgment--wickedness was there, in the place of justice--wickedness was there.

Ecclesiastes 5:8
If you see the poor oppressed in a district, and justice and rights denied, do not be surprised at such things; for one official is eyed by a higher one, and over them both are others higher still.

Ecclesiastes 7:7
Extortion turns a wise person into a fool, and a bribe corrupts the heart.

Ecclesiastes 8:9
All this I saw, as I applied my mind to everything done under the sun. There is a time when a man lords it over others to his own hurt.

Isaiah 5:7
The vineyard of the LORD Almighty is the nation of Israel, and the people of Judah are the vines he delighted in. And he looked for justice, but saw bloodshed; for righteousness, but heard cries of distress.

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