Deuteronomy 29:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You are standing here in order to enter into a covenant with the LORD your God, a covenant the LORD is making with you this day and sealing with an oath,

King James Bible
That thou shouldest enter into covenant with the LORD thy God, and into his oath, which the LORD thy God maketh with thee this day:

Darby Bible Translation
that thou mayest enter into the covenant of Jehovah thy God, and into his oath, which Jehovah thy God maketh with thee this day;

World English Bible
that you may enter into the covenant of Yahweh your God, and into his oath, which Yahweh your God makes with you this day;

Young's Literal Translation
for thy passing over into the covenant of Jehovah thy God, and into His oath which Jehovah thy God is making with thee to-day;

Deuteronomy 29:12 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

That thou shouldest enter - לעבר leaber, to pass through, that is, between the separated parts of the covenant sacrifice. See Genesis 15:18 (note).

And into his oath - Thus we find that in a covenant were these seven particulars:

1. The parties about to contract were considered as being hitherto separated.

2. They now agree to enter into a state of close and permanent amity.

3. They meet together in a solemn manner for this purpose.

4. A sacrifice is offered to God on the occasion, for the whole is a religious act.

5. The victim is separated exactly into two equal parts, the separation being in the direction of the spine; and those parts are laid opposite to each other, sufficient room being allowed for the contracting parties to pass between them.

6. The contracting parties meet in the victim, and the conditions of the covenant by which they are to be mutually bound are recited.

7. An oath is taken by these parties that they shall punctually and faithfully perform their respective conditions, and thus the covenant is made and ratified. See Jeremiah 34:18, Jeremiah 34:19, and the notes on Genesis 6:18 (note); Genesis 15:18 (note); Exodus 29:45 (note); Leviticus 26 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou shouldest

Deuteronomy 5:2,3 The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb...

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people...

Joshua 24:25 So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem.

2 Kings 11:17 And Jehoiada made a covenant between the LORD and the king and the people, that they should be the LORD's people...

2 Chronicles 15:12-15 And they entered into a covenant to seek the LORD God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul...

enter [heb] pass This is an allusion to the solemn ceremony used by several ancient nations, when they entered into a covenant with each other. The victims, slain as a sacrifice on this occasion, were divided, and and parts laid asunder: the contracting parties then passed between them, imprecating, as a cursed on those who violated the sacred compact, that they might in like manner be cut asunder.

Genesis 15:10 And he took to him all these, and divided them in the middle, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.

Cyril, in his work against Julian, show that passing between the divided parts of a victim was used also among the Chaldeans and other people.

into his oath

Deuteronomy 29:14 Neither with you only do I make this covenant and this oath;

2 Chronicles 15:12-15 And they entered into a covenant to seek the LORD God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul...

Nehemiah 10:28,29 And the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the porters, the singers, the Nethinims...

Library
Covenant Duties.
It is here proposed to show, that every incumbent duty ought, in suitable circumstances, to be engaged to in the exercise of Covenanting. The law and covenant of God are co-extensive; and what is enjoined in the one is confirmed in the other. The proposals of that Covenant include its promises and its duties. The former are made and fulfilled by its glorious Originator; the latter are enjoined and obligatory on man. The duties of that Covenant are God's law; and the demands of the law are all made
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Promises and Threatenings
'And it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the building of the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all Solomon's desire which he was pleased to do. 2. That the Lord appeared to Solomon the second time, as He had appeared unto him at Gibeon. 3. And the Lord said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before Me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put My name there for ever; and Mine eyes and Mine heart shall be there perpetually,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Palestine Eighteen Centuries Ago
Eighteen and a half centuries ago, and the land which now lies desolate--its bare, grey hills looking into ill-tilled or neglected valleys, its timber cut down, its olive- and vine-clad terraces crumbled into dust, its villages stricken with poverty and squalor, its thoroughfares insecure and deserted, its native population well-nigh gone, and with them its industry, wealth, and strength--presented a scene of beauty, richness, and busy life almost unsurpassed in the then known world. The Rabbis never
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

The Holy Spirit as a Teacher.
Our Lord Jesus in His last conversation with His disciples before His crucifixion said, "But the Comforter which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in My name, He shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you" (John xiv. 26). Here we have a twofold work of the Holy Spirit, teaching and bringing to remembrance the things which Christ had already taught. We will take them in the reverse order. I. The Holy Spirit brings to remembrance
R. A. Torrey—The Person and Work of The Holy Spirit

Cross References
Deuteronomy 29:11
together with your children and your wives, and the foreigners living in your camps who chop your wood and carry your water.

Deuteronomy 29:13
to confirm you this day as his people, that he may be your God as he promised you and as he swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Ezekiel 16:20
"'And you took your sons and daughters whom you bore to me and sacrificed them as food to the idols. Was your prostitution not enough?

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