Daniel 9:24
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Seventy 'sevens' are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the Most Holy Place.

King James Bible
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

Darby Bible Translation
Seventy weeks are apportioned out upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to close the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make expiation for iniquity, and to bring in the righteousness of the ages, and to seal the vision and prophet, and to anoint the holy of holies.

World English Bible
Seventy weeks are decreed on your people and on your holy city, to finish disobedience, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy.

Young's Literal Translation
'Seventy weeks are determined for thy people, and for thy holy city, to shut up the transgression, and to seal up sins, and to cover iniquity, and to bring in righteousness age-during, and to seal up vision and prophet, and to anoint the holy of holies.

Daniel 9:24 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Seventy weeks are determined - This is a most important prophecy, and has given rise to a variety of opinions relative to the proper mode of explanation; but the chief difficulty, if not the only one, is to find out the time from which these seventy weeks should be dated. What is here said by the angel is not a direct answer to Daniel's prayer. He prays to know when the seventy weeks of the captivity are to end. Gabriel shows him that there are seventy weeks determined relative to a redemption from another sort of captivity, which shall commence with the going forth of the edict to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, and shall terminate with the death of Messiah the Prince, and the total abolition of the Jewish sacrifices. In the four following verses he enters into the particulars of this most important determination, and leaves them with Daniel for his comfort, who has left them to the Church of God for the confirmation of its faith, and a testimony to the truth of Divine revelation. They contain the fullest confirmation of Christianity, and a complete refutation of the Jewish cavils and blasphemies on this subject.

Of all the writers I have consulted on this most noble prophecy, Dean Prideaux appears to me the most clear and satisfactory. I shall therefore follow his method in my explanation, and often borrow his words.

Seventy weeks are determined - The Jews had Sabbatic years, Leviticus 25:8, by which their years were divided into weeks of years, as in this important prophecy, each week containing seven years. The seventy weeks therefore here spoken of amount to four hundred and ninety years.

In Daniel 9:24 there are six events mentioned which should be the consequences of the incarnation of our Lord: -

I. To finish (לכלא lechalle, to restrain), the transgression which was effected by the preaching of the Gospel, and pouring out of the Holy Ghost among men.

II. To make an end of sins; rather ולהתם חטאות ulehathem chataoth, "to make an end of sin-offerings," which our Lord did when he offered his spotless soul and body on the cross once for all.

III. To make reconciliation (ולכפר ulechapper, "to make atonement or expiation") for iniquity; which he did by the once offering up of himself.

IV. To bring in everlasting righteousness, צדק עלמים tsedek olamim, that is, "the righteousness, or righteous One, of ages;" that person who had been the object of the faith of mankind, and the subject of the predictions of the prophets through all the ages of the world.

V. To seal up (ולחתם velachtom, "to finish or complete") the vision and prophecy; that is, to put an end to the necessity of any farther revelations, by completing the canon of Scripture, and fulfilling the prophecies which related to his person, sacrifice, and the glory that should follow.

VI. And to anoint the Most Holy, קדש קדשים kodesh kodashim, "the Holy of holies." משיח mashach, to anoint, (from which comes משיח mashiach, the Messiah, the anointed one), signifies in general, to consecrate or appoint to some special office. Here it means the consecration or appointment of our blessed Lord, the Holy One of Israel, to be the Prophet, Priest, and King of mankind.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Seventy weeks. That is, seventy weeks of years, or

490 years, which reckoned from the seventh year of Artaxerxes, coinciding with the

4,256th year of the Julian period, and in the month Nisan, in which Ezra was commissioned to restore the Jewish state and polity, (Ezr

Daniel 7:9-26 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow...

) will bring us to the month of Nisan of the

4,746th year of the same period, or

A.D. 33, the very month and year in which our Lord suffered, and completed the work of our salvation.

Leviticus 25:8 And you shall number seven sabbaths of years to you, seven times seven years...

Numbers 14:34 After the number of the days in which you searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall you bear your iniquities...

Ezekiel 4:6 And when you have accomplished them, lie again on your right side, and you shall bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days...

finish. or, restrain.

Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

1 John 3:8 He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sins from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested...

and to.

Lamentations 4:22 The punishment of your iniquity is accomplished, O daughter of Zion; he will no more carry you away into captivity...

Colossians 2:14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way...

Hebrews 9:26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world...

Hebrews 10:14 For by one offering he has perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

make an end of. or, seal up.

Ezekiel 28:12 Son of man, take up a lamentation on the king of Tyrus, and say to him, Thus said the Lord GOD; You seal up the sum, full of wisdom...

to make.

Leviticus 8:15 And he slew it; and Moses took the blood, and put it on the horns of the altar round about with his finger, and purified the altar...

2 Chronicles 29:24 And the priests killed them, and they made reconciliation with their blood on the altar, to make an atonement for all Israel...

Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed...

Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled...

2 Corinthians 5:18-20 And all things are of God, who has reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and has given to us the ministry of reconciliation...

Colossians 1:20 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things to himself; by him, I say...

Hebrews 2:17 Why in all things it behooved him to be made like to his brothers...

to bring.

Isaiah 5:16,8 But the LORD of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness...

Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many...

Isaiah 56:1 Thus said the LORD, Keep you judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed.

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...

Romans 3:21,22 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets...

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

2 Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having my own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ...

Hebrews 9:12-14 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place...

2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ...

Revelation 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the middle of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to them that dwell on the earth...

seal up.

Matthew 11:13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.

Luke 24:25-27,44,45 Then he said to them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken...

John 19:28-30 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, said, I thirst...

prophecy. Heb. prophet.

Acts 3:22 For Moses truly said to the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up to you of your brothers, like to me...

and to anoint.

Psalm 2:6 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion.

Psalm 45:7 You love righteousness, and hate wickedness: therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Luke 4:18-21 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted...

John 1:41 He first finds his own brother Simon, and said to him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not the Spirit by measure to him.

Hebrews 1:8,9 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom...

Hebrews 9:11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands...

the most.

Mark 1:24 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with you, you Jesus of Nazareth? are you come to destroy us? I know you who you are...

Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Ghost shall come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you...

Acts 3:14 But you denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted to you;

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things said he that is holy, he that is true, he that has the key of David...

Library
Daniel: a Pattern for Pleaders
"O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God; for thy city and thy people are called by thy name."--Daniel 9:19. DANIEL was a man in very high position in life. It is true he was not living in his own native land, but, in the providence of God, he had been raised to great eminence under the dominion of the country in which he dwelt. He might, therefore, naturally have forgotten his poor kinsmen; many have done so. Alas! we have known some that have
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 61: 1915

Light through Darkness.
[Illustration: Chapter header.] The work of God in the earth presents, from age to age, a striking similarity in every great reformation or religious movement. The principles of God's dealing with men are ever the same. The important movements of the present have their parallel in those of the past, and the experience of the church in former ages has lessons of great value for our own time. No truth is more clearly taught in the Bible than that God by His Holy Spirit especially directs His servants
Ellen G. White—The Great Controversy Between Christ and Satan

Light through Darkness
The work of God in the earth presents, from age to age, a striking similarity in every great reformation or religious movement. The principles of God's dealing with men are ever the same. The important movements of the present have their parallel in those of the past, and the experience of the church in former ages has lessons of great value for our own time. No truth is more clearly taught in the Bible than that God by His Holy Spirit especially directs His servants on earth in the great movements
Ellen Gould White—The Great Controversy

Appendix v. Rabbinic Theology and Literature
1. The Traditional Law. - The brief account given in vol. i. p. 100, of the character and authority claimed for the traditional law may here be supplemented by a chronological arrangement of the Halakhoth in the order of their supposed introduction or promulgation. In the first class, or Halakhoth of Moses from Sinai,' tradition enumerates fifty-five, [6370] which may be thus designated: religio-agrarian, four; [6371] ritual, including questions about clean and unclean,' twenty-three; [6372] concerning
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Cross References
Matthew 4:5
Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple.

Luke 21:22
For this is the time of punishment in fulfillment of all that has been written.

Acts 4:26
The kings of the earth rise up and the rulers band together against the Lord and against his anointed one.'

Romans 3:21
But now apart from the law the righteousness of God has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify.

Romans 3:22
This righteousness is given through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference between Jew and Gentile,

Romans 5:10
For if, while we were God's enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life!

Hebrews 2:17
For this reason he had to be made like them, fully human in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people.

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