2 Samuel 3:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then David said to Joab and all the people with him, "Tear your clothes and put on sackcloth and walk in mourning in front of Abner." King David himself walked behind the bier.

King James Bible
And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sackcloth, and mourn before Abner. And king David himself followed the bier.

Darby Bible Translation
And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your garments, and gird yourselves with sackcloth, and mourn before Abner. And king David followed the bier.

World English Bible
David said to Joab, and to all the people who were with him, Tear your clothes, and clothe yourselves with sackcloth, and mourn before Abner. King David followed the bier.

Young's Literal Translation
And David saith unto Joab, and unto all the people who are with him, 'Rend your garments, and gird on sackcloth, and mourn before Abner;' and king David is going after the bier.

2 Samuel 3:31 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

David said to Joab - He commanded him to take on him the part of a principal mourner.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And David David, intending no doubt to punish Joab, and to lessen his authority with the people, commanded him to take upon him the office of chief mourner; but, as his revenge was gratified, his rival removed, and no heavier punishment inflicted, it is probable his hardened mind would fell but little objection to the ceremony.

Rend

2 Samuel 1:2,11 It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth on his head...

Genesis 37:29,34 And Reuben returned to the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes...

Joshua 7:6 And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth on his face before the ark of the LORD until the eventide...

Judges 11:35 And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! you have brought me very low...

2 Kings 19:1 And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth...

bier [heb] bed

Luke 7:14 And he came and touched the bier: and they that bore him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say to you, Arise.

Library
The King --Continued.
The years thus well begun are, in the historical books, characterized mainly by three events, namely, the bringing up of the ark to the newly won city of David, Nathan's prophecy of the perpetual dominion of his house, and his victories over the surrounding nations. These three hinges of the narrative are all abundantly illustrated in the psalms. As to the first, we have relics of the joyful ceremonial connected with it in two psalms, the fifteenth and twenty-fourth, which are singularly alike not
Alexander Maclaren—The Life of David

A Believer's Privilege at Death
'For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.' Phil 1:1I. Hope is a Christian's anchor, which he casts within the veil. Rejoicing in hope.' Rom 12:12. A Christian's hope is not in this life, but he hash hope in his death.' Prov 14:42. The best of a saint's comfort begins when his life ends; but the wicked have all their heaven here. Woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.' Luke 6:64. You may make your acquittance, and write Received in full payment.' Son, remember that
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Revelation 11:3
And I will appoint my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth."

Genesis 37:34
Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and mourned for his son many days.

Judges 11:35
When he saw her, he tore his clothes and cried, "Oh no, my daughter! You have brought me down and I am devastated. I have made a vow to the LORD that I cannot break."

1 Kings 20:31
His officials said to him, "Look, we have heard that the kings of Israel are merciful. Let us go to the king of Israel with sackcloth around our waists and ropes around our heads. Perhaps he will spare your life."

1 Kings 21:27
When Ahab heard these words, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and fasted. He lay in sackcloth and went around meekly.

2 Kings 19:2
He sent Eliakim the palace administrator, Shebna the secretary and the leading priests, all wearing sackcloth, to the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz.

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Abner Bier Body Clothes David Dead Followed Front Garments Gird Grief Haircloth Joab Jo'ab Lament Mourn Mourning Rend Sackcloth Sorrow Tear Wail Walk Walked
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Abner Bier Body Clothes David Dead Followed Front Garments Gird Grief Haircloth Joab Jo'ab Lament Mourn Mourning Rend Sackcloth Sorrow Tear Wail Walk Walked
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