2 Samuel 21:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But Abishai son of Zeruiah came to David's rescue; he struck the Philistine down and killed him. Then David's men swore to him, saying, "Never again will you go out with us to battle, so that the lamp of Israel will not be extinguished."

King James Bible
But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
And Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine and killed him. Then the men of David swore to him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the lamp of Israel.

World English Bible
But Abishai the son of Zeruiah helped him, and struck the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David swore to him, saying, "You shall go no more out with us to battle, that you don't quench the lamp of Israel."

Young's Literal Translation
and Abishai son of Zeruiah giveth help to him, and smiteth the Philistine, and putteth him to death; then swear the men of David to him, saying, 'Thou dost not go out again with us to battle, nor quench the lamp of Israel.'

2 Samuel 21:17 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

That thou quench not the light of Israel - David is here considered as the lamp by which all Israel was guided, and without whom all the nation must be involved in darkness. The lamp is the emblem of direction and support. Light is used in this sense by Homer: -

Ουδε τι Πατροκλῳ γενομην φαος, αυδ' ἑταροισι

Τοις αλλοις, οἱ δη πολεες δαμεν Ἑκτορι διῳ.

Iliad, lib. xviii. ver. 102.

"I have neither been a Light to Patroclus nor to his companions, who have been slain by the noble Hector."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Abishai

2 Samuel 20:6-10 And David said to Abishai, Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more harm than did Absalom: take you your lord's servants...

succoured

2 Samuel 22:19 They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.

Psalm 46:1 God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.

Psalm 144:10 It is he that gives salvation to kings: who delivers David his servant from the hurtful sword.

Thou shalt

2 Samuel 18:3 But the people answered, You shall not go forth: for if we flee away, they will not care for us; neither if half of us die...

quench

2 Samuel 14:7 And, behold, the whole family is risen against your handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him...

1 Kings 11:36 And to his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light always before me in Jerusalem...

1 Kings 15:4 Nevertheless for David's sake did the LORD his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him...

Psalm 132:17 There will I make the horn of David to bud: I have ordained a lamp for my anointed.

John 1:8,9 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light...

John 5:35 He was a burning and a shining light: and you were willing for a season to rejoice in his light.

light [heb] candle, or lamp

Library
Divers Matters.
I. Beth-cerem, Nehemiah 3:14. "The stones, as well of the altar, as of the ascent to the altar, were from the valley of Beth-cerem, which they digged out beneath the barren land. And thence they are wont to bring whole stones, upon which the working iron came not." The fathers of the traditions, treating concerning the blood of women's terms, reckon up five colours of it; among which that, "which is like the water of the earth, out of the valley of Beth-cerem."--Where the Gloss writes thus, "Beth-cerem
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
John 5:35
John was a lamp that burned and gave light, and you chose for a time to enjoy his light.

2 Samuel 18:3
But the men said, "You must not go out; if we are forced to flee, they won't care about us. Even if half of us die, they won't care; but you are worth ten thousand of us. It would be better now for you to give us support from the city."

2 Samuel 20:6
David said to Abishai, "Now Sheba son of Bikri will do us more harm than Absalom did. Take your master's men and pursue him, or he will find fortified cities and escape from us."

2 Samuel 22:29
You, LORD, are my lamp; the LORD turns my darkness into light.

1 Kings 15:4
Nevertheless, for David's sake the LORD his God gave him a lamp in Jerusalem by raising up a son to succeed him and by making Jerusalem strong.

Jeremiah 40:15
Then Johanan son of Kareah said privately to Gedaliah in Mizpah, "Let me go and kill Ishmael son of Nethaniah, and no one will know it. Why should he take your life and cause all the Jews who are gathered around you to be scattered and the remnant of Judah to perish?"

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