2 Kings 23:29
Parallel Verses
New International Version
While Josiah was king, Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt went up to the Euphrates River to help the king of Assyria. King Josiah marched out to meet him in battle, but Necho faced him and killed him at Megiddo.

King James Bible
In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.

Darby Bible Translation
In his days Pharaoh-Nechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates; and king Josiah went against him; but [Nechoh] slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.

World English Bible
In his days Pharaoh Necoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and [Pharaoh Necoh] killed him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.

Young's Literal Translation
In his days hath Pharaoh-Nechoh king of Egypt come up against the king of Asshur, by the river Phrat, and king Josiah goeth out to meet him, and he putteth him to death in Megiddo, when he seeth him.

2 Kings 23:29 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

In his days Pharaoh-nechoh - See the note on the death of Josiah, 2 Kings 22:20 (note).

Nechoh is supposed to have been the son of Psammitichus, king of Egypt; and the Assyrian king, whom he was now going to attack, was the famous Nabopolassar. What the cause of this quarrel was, is not known. Some say it was on account of Carchemish, a city on the Euphrates, belonging to the Egyptians, which Nabopolassar had seized. See Isaiah 10:9.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

3394. B.C.

610

Pharaoh-nechoh. The Targum reads Pharaoh the lame. Pharaoh-nechoh, called Nekos, the son of Psammiticus, by Herodotus (l. i. c.

2 Kings 23:17 Then he said, What title is that that I see? And the men of the city told him, It is the sepulcher of the man of God...

,

2 Kings 23:18 And he said, Let him alone; let no man move his bones. So they let his bones alone...

,

2 Kings 23:25 And like to him was there no king before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might...

. and l. ii. c.

159), was now marching to make war upon the Medes and Babylonians, who had dissolved the Assyrian empire (Josephus, Ant. l. x. c.6); the king of the latter being the famous Nabopollasar, who had also become king of Assyria.

2 Kings 23:33,34,35 And Pharaohnechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem...

2 Chronicles 35:20-24 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Charchemish by Euphrates...

Jeremiah 46:2 Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish...

Euphrates.

2 Kings 24:7 And the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land...

2 Chronicles 35:20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Charchemish by Euphrates...

Jeremiah 46:2 Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish...

Josiah went.

2 Chronicles 35:20-23 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Charchemish by Euphrates...

slew him.

2 Kings 22:20 Behold therefore, I will gather you to your fathers, and you shall be gathered into your grave in peace...

Ecclesiastes 8:14 There is a vanity which is done on the earth; that there be just men, to whom it happens according to the work of the wicked; again...

Ecclesiastes 9:1,2 For all this I considered in my heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works...

Isaiah 57:1,2 The righteous perishes, and no man lays it to heart: and merciful men are taken away...

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

Migiddo. Migiddo, called Magdolon, Magdolum, by Herodotus, was situated in the tribe of Manasseh, west of Jordan, in the valley of Jezreel, and not far fron Hadad-Rimmon, or Maximianopolis. This shows that Josiah reigned over the country formerly possessed by the ten tribes; and it is also probable, that Nechoh had landed his troops at or near C?sarea of Palestine.

2 Kings 9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said...

Joshua 17:11 And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher Bethshean and her towns, and Ibleam and her towns, and the inhabitants of Dor and her towns...

Judges 1:27 Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns...

Judges 5:19 The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.

1 Kings 4:12 Baana the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and all Bethshean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel...

Zechariah 12:11 In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon.

Megiddon.

Revelation 16:16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

Armageddon. he had seen him.

2 Kings 14:8,11 Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come...

Library
Reformation Lessons
Eversley. 1861. 2 Kings xxiii. 3, 4, 25, 26. "And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before the Lord, to "walk after the Lord, and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all their heart and all their soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people stood to the covenant. And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring forth out
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

Whether Prophets Always Know the Things which they Prophesy?
Objection 1: It would seem that the prophets always know the things which they prophesy. For, as Augustine says (Gen. ad lit. xii, 9), "those to whom signs were shown in spirit by means of the likenesses of bodily things, had not the gift of prophecy, unless the mind was brought into action, so that those signs were also understood by them." Now what is understood cannot be unknown. Therefore the prophet is not ignorant of what he prophesies. Objection 2: Further, the light of prophecy surpasses
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

The Whole Heart
LET me give the principal passages in which the words "the whole heart," "all the heart," are used. A careful study of them will show how wholehearted love and service is what God has always asked, because He can, in the very nature of things, ask nothing less. The prayerful and believing acceptance of the words will waken the assurance that such wholehearted love and service is exactly the blessing the New Covenant was meant to make possible. That assurance will prepare us for turning to the Omnipotence
Andrew Murray—The Two Covenants

The Medes and the Second Chaldaean Empire
THE FALL OF NINEVEH AND THE RISE OF THE CHALDAEAN AND MEDIAN EMPIRES--THE XXVIth EGYPTIAN DYNASTY: CYAXARES, ALYATTES, AND NEBUCHADREZZAR. The legendary history of the kings of Media and the first contact of the Medes with the Assyrians: the alleged Iranian migrations of the Avesta--Media-proper, its fauna and flora; Phraortes and the beginning of the Median empire--Persia proper and the Persians; conquest of Persia by the Medes--The last monuments of Assur-bani-pal: the library of Kouyunjik--Phraortes
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8

Cross References
Revelation 16:16
Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon.

Judges 5:19
"Kings came, they fought, the kings of Canaan fought. At Taanach, by the waters of Megiddo, they took no plunder of silver.

2 Kings 23:28
As for the other events of Josiah's reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?

2 Kings 23:33
Pharaoh Necho put him in chains at Riblah in the land of Hamath so that he might not reign in Jerusalem, and he imposed on Judah a levy of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.

2 Kings 23:34
Pharaoh Necho made Eliakim son of Josiah king in place of his father Josiah and changed Eliakim's name to Jehoiakim. But he took Jehoahaz and carried him off to Egypt, and there he died.

2 Chronicles 35:20
After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Necho king of Egypt went up to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah marched out to meet him in battle.

Jeremiah 46:2
Concerning Egypt: This is the message against the army of Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt, which was defeated at Carchemish on the Euphrates River by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah:

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Armies Asshur Assyria Death Egypt Euphrates Euphra'tes Josiah Josi'ah Killed Marched Meet Megiddo Megid'do Neco Necoh Pharaoh Pharaohnechoh Pharaoh-Nechoh Pharaoh-Necoh Phrat Putteth River Slew
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Armies Asshur Assyria Death Egypt Euphrates Euphra'tes Josiah Josi'ah Killed Marched Meet Megiddo Megid'do Neco Necoh Pharaoh Pharaohnechoh Pharaoh-Nechoh Pharaoh-Necoh Phrat Putteth River Slew
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