2 Chronicles 36:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him take an oath in God's name. He became stiff-necked and hardened his heart and would not turn to the LORD, the God of Israel.

King James Bible
And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the LORD God of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him take oath by God; and he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from returning to Jehovah the God of Israel.

World English Bible
He also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart against turning to Yahweh, the God of Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
and also, against king Nebuchadnezzar he hath rebelled, who had caused him to swear by God, and he hardeneth his neck, and strengtheneth his heart, against turning back unto Jehovah, God of Israel.

2 Chronicles 36:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Did that which was evil - Was there ever such a set of weak, infatuated men as the Jewish kings in general? They had the fullest evidence that they were only deputies to God Almighty, and that they could not expect to retain the throne any longer than they were faithful to their Lord; and yet with all this conviction they lived wickedly, and endeavored to establish idolatry in the place of the worship of their Maker! After bearing with them long, the Divine mercy gave them up, as their case was utterly hopeless. They sinned till there was no remedy.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

rebelled

2 Kings 24:20 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had cast them out from his presence...

Jeremiah 52:2,3 And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done...

Ezekiel 17:11-20 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying...

who had

Joshua 9:15,19,20 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation swore to them...

2 Samuel 21:2 And the king called the Gibeonites, and said to them; (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel...

stiffened

2 Kings 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt...

Nehemiah 9:16,17 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and listened not to your commandments...

Isaiah 48:4 Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

hardened

Exodus 8:15,32 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and listened not to them; as the LORD had said...

Exodus 9:17 As yet exalt you yourself against my people, that you will not let them go?

Nehemiah 9:29 And testified against them, that you might bring them again to your law: yet they dealt proudly, and listened not to your commandments...

Romans 2:4,5 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

Hebrews 3:8,13 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness...

Library
The Fall of Judah
'Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. 12. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord his God, and humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of the Lord. 13. And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the Lord God of Israel. 14. Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Carried Captive into Babylon
In the ninth year of Zedekiah's reign "Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem," to besiege the city. 2 Kings 25:1. The outlook for Judah was hopeless. "Behold, I am against thee," the Lord Himself declared through Ezekiel. "I the Lord have drawn forth My sword out of his sheath" it shall not return any more. . . . Every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak as water." "I will pour out Mine indignation
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Deuteronomy 29:25
And the answer will be: "It is because this people abandoned the covenant of the LORD, the God of their ancestors, the covenant he made with them when he brought them out of Egypt.

2 Kings 24:20
It was because of the LORD's anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah, and in the end he thrust them from his presence. Now Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

2 Chronicles 30:8
Do not be stiff-necked, as your ancestors were; submit to the LORD. Come to his sanctuary, which he has consecrated forever. Serve the LORD your God, so that his fierce anger will turn away from you.

2 Chronicles 36:14
Furthermore, all the leaders of the priests and the people became more and more unfaithful, following all the detestable practices of the nations and defiling the temple of the LORD, which he had consecrated in Jerusalem.

Ezra 4:12
The king should know that the people who came up to us from you have gone to Jerusalem and are rebuilding that rebellious and wicked city. They are restoring the walls and repairing the foundations.

Isaiah 48:4
For I knew how stubborn you were; your neck muscles were iron, your forehead was bronze.

Jeremiah 43:2
Azariah son of Hoshaiah and Johanan son of Kareah and all the arrogant men said to Jeremiah, "You are lying! The LORD our God has not sent you to say, 'You must not go to Egypt to settle there.'

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