1 Samuel 4:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So the people sent men to Shiloh, and they brought back the ark of the covenant of the LORD Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim. And Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.

King James Bible
So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth between the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.

Darby Bible Translation
So the people sent to Shiloh, and they brought from thence the ark of the covenant of Jehovah of hosts, who sitteth between the cherubim; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there by the ark of the covenant of God.

World English Bible
So the people sent to Shiloh; and they brought from there the ark of the covenant of Yahweh of Armies, who sits [above] the cherubim: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.

Young's Literal Translation
And the people sendeth to Shiloh, and they take up thence the ark of the covenant of Jehovah of Hosts, inhabiting the cherubs, and there are two sons of Eli, with the ark of the covenant of God, Hophni and Phinehas.

1 Samuel 4:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The Lord of hosts - See on 1 Samuel 1:3 (note).

Dwelleth between the cherubims - Of what shape the cherubim were, we know not; but there was one of these representative figures placed at each end of the ark of the covenant; and between them, on the lid or cover of that ark, which was called the propitiatory or mercy-seat, the shechinah, or symbol of the Divine presence, was said to dwell. They thought, therefore, if they had the ark, they must necessarily have the presence and influence of Jehovah.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

which dwelleth

2 Samuel 6:2 And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from there the ark of God...

2 Kings 19:15 And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said, O LORD God of Israel, which dwell between the cherubim, you are the God, even you alone...

Psalm 80:1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you that lead Joseph like a flock; you that dwell between the cherubim, shine forth.

Psalm 99:1 The LORD reigns; let the people tremble: he sits between the cherubim; let the earth be moved.

the cherubims

Exodus 25:18-22 And you shall make two cherubim of gold, of beaten work shall you make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat...

Numbers 7:89 And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation to speak with him...

Hophni

1 Samuel 2:12-17,22 Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD...

Psalm 50:16,17 But to the wicked God said, What have you to do to declare my statutes, or that you should take my covenant in your mouth...

Malachi 1:9 And now, I pray you, beseech God that he will be gracious to us: this has been by your means: will he regard your persons?...

Acts 19:15,16 And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are you...

with the ark

Numbers 4:5,15 And when the camp sets forward, Aaron shall come, and his sons, and they shall take down the covering veil...

Library
Faithlessness and Defeat
'And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Eben-ezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. 2. And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men. 3. And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, Wherefore hath the Lord smitten us today before the Philistines?
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Form and Spirit of Religion
Now, three points this morning inferred from our narrative. The first point is this--that the outward form of religion is to be carefully and reverently observed. But my second and most important head is this--you will notice that the very men who have the least of the spirit of religion are the most superstitiously observant of the form of it; just as you find the people here, who did not care for God, had a very superstitious regard for that chest called the ark of the covenant. And then, my third
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 4: 1858

Cross References
Exodus 25:22
There, above the cover between the two cherubim that are over the ark of the covenant law, I will meet with you and give you all my commands for the Israelites.

1 Samuel 1:24
After he was weaned, she took the boy with her, young as he was, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the LORD at Shiloh.

2 Samuel 6:2
He and all his men went to Baalah in Judah to bring up from there the ark of God, which is called by the Name, the name of the LORD Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim on the ark.

2 Samuel 15:24
Zadok was there, too, and all the Levites who were with him were carrying the ark of the covenant of God. They set down the ark of God, and Abiathar offered sacrifices until all the people had finished leaving the city.

Psalm 80:1
For the director of music. To the tune of "The Lilies of the Covenant." Of Asaph. A psalm. Hear us, Shepherd of Israel, you who lead Joseph like a flock. You who sit enthroned between the cherubim, shine forth

Psalm 99:1
The LORD reigns, let the nations tremble; he sits enthroned between the cherubim, let the earth shake.

Isaiah 37:16
"LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, enthroned between the cherubim, you alone are God over all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made heaven and earth.

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