1 Samuel 4:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And Samuel's word came to all Israel. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek.

King James Bible
And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek.

Darby Bible Translation
And what Samuel had said happened to all Israel. And Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and encamped beside Eben-ezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek.

World English Bible
The word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and encamped beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines encamped in Aphek.

Young's Literal Translation
And the word of Samuel is to all Israel, and Israel goeth out to meet the Philistines for battle, and they encamp by Eben-Ezer, and the Philistines have encamped in Aphek,

1 Samuel 4:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The word of Samuel came to all Israel - This clause certainly belongs to the preceding chapter, and is so placed by the Vulgate, Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic.

Pitched beside Eben-ezer - This name was not given to this place till more than twenty years after this battle, see 1 Samuel 7:12; for the monument called האבן העזר haeben haezer, the "Stone of Help," was erected by Samuel in the place which was afterwards from this circumstance, called Eben-ezer, when the Lord had given the Israelites a signal victory over the Philistines. It was situated in the tribe of Judah, between Mizpeh and Shen, and not far from the Aphek here mentioned. This is another proof that this book was compiled after the times and transactions which it records, and probably from memoranda which had been made by a contemporary writer.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2863 B.C.

1141 An. Ex. Is.

350
came. or, came to pass [heb] was

1 Samuel 3:11 And the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that hears it shall tingle.

Eben-ezer. That is, the place afterwards so called

1 Samuel 5:1 And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod.

1 Samuel 7:12 Then Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying...

Aphek This Aphek was situated in the tribe of Judah, and is probably the same as Aphekah

Joshua 15:53 And Janum, and Bethtappuah, and Aphekah,

It must be carefully distinguished from that near Jezreel, and another in Asher.

1 Samuel 29:1 Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

Joshua 19:30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.

1 Kings 20:30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and there a wall fell on twenty and seven thousand of the men that were left...

Library
Faithlessness and Defeat
'And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Eben-ezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. 2. And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men. 3. And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, Wherefore hath the Lord smitten us today before the Philistines?
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Form and Spirit of Religion
Now, three points this morning inferred from our narrative. The first point is this--that the outward form of religion is to be carefully and reverently observed. But my second and most important head is this--you will notice that the very men who have the least of the spirit of religion are the most superstitiously observant of the form of it; just as you find the people here, who did not care for God, had a very superstitious regard for that chest called the ark of the covenant. And then, my third
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 4: 1858

Cross References
Joshua 12:18
the king of Aphek one the king of Lasharon one

Joshua 13:4
on the south; all the land of the Canaanites, from Arah of the Sidonians as far as Aphek and the border of the Amorites;

1 Samuel 4:2
The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield.

1 Samuel 5:1
After the Philistines had captured the ark of God, they took it from Ebenezer to Ashdod.

1 Samuel 7:12
Then Samuel took a stone and set it up between Mizpah and Shen. He named it Ebenezer, saying, "Thus far the LORD has helped us."

1 Samuel 29:1
The Philistines gathered all their forces at Aphek, and Israel camped by the spring in Jezreel.

Psalm 83:7
Byblos, Ammon and Amalek, Philistia, with the people of Tyre.

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