1 Samuel 29:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The Philistines gathered all their forces at Aphek, and Israel camped by the spring in Jezreel.

King James Bible
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek; and Israel encamped by the spring that is in Jizreel.

World English Bible
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites encamped by the spring which is in Jezreel.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Philistines gather all their camps to Aphek, and the Israelites are encamping at a fountain which is in Jezreel,

1 Samuel 29:1 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

To Aphek - This was a place in the valley of Jezreel, between Mounts Tabor and Gilboa.

Pitched by a fountain - To be near a fountain, or copious spring of water, was a point of great importance to an army in countries such as these, where water was so very scarce. It is supposed, as William of Tyre says, that it was at this same fountain that Saladin pitched his camp, while Baldwin, king of Jerusalem, pitched his by another fountain between Nazareth and Sephoris; each being anxious to secure that without which it was impossible for their armies to subsist.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the Philistines

1 Samuel 28:1,2 And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel...


1 Samuel 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer...

Joshua 19:30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.

1 Kings 20:30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and there a wall fell on twenty and seven thousand of the men that were left...


1 Samuel 28:4 And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together...

Joshua 19:18 And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

Judges 6:33 Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east were gathered together, and went over...

1 Kings 18:45,46 And it came to pass in the mean while, that the heaven was black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode...

1 Kings 21:1,23 And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel...

2 Kings 9:36 Why they came again, and told him. And he said, This is the word of the LORD, which he spoke by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying...

Hosea 1:4-11 And the LORD said to him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel on the house of Jehu...

What Doest Thou Here?
'Then said the princes of the Philistines, What do these Hebrews here!'--1 SAMUEL xxix. 3. 'The word of the Lord came to him, and He said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah?'--1 KINGS xix. 9. I have put these two verses together, not only because of their identity in form, though that is striking, but because they bear upon one and the same subject, as will appear, if, in a word or two, I set each of them in its setting. David was almost at the lowest point of his fortunes when he fled into
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Joshua 12:18
the king of Aphek one the king of Lasharon one

Joshua 19:30
Ummah, Aphek and Rehob. There were twenty-two towns and their villages.

1 Samuel 4:1
And Samuel's word came to all Israel. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek.

1 Samuel 28:1
In those days the Philistines gathered their forces to fight against Israel. Achish said to David, "You must understand that you and your men will accompany me in the army."

1 Samuel 28:25
Then she set it before Saul and his men, and they ate. That same night they got up and left.

2 Samuel 2:9
He made him king over Gilead, Ashuri and Jezreel, and also over Ephraim, Benjamin and all Israel.

2 Samuel 5:17
When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went down to the stronghold.

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